Method for precoding matrix indicator feedback and apparatus

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First Claim
1. A method, comprising:
 receiving, by a terminal device, a reference signal from a network device;
based on the received reference signal, determining, by the terminal device, a precoding matrix W,wherein W satisfies W=W_{1}×
W_{2}×
W_{3}, W is a matrix of N_{t }rows and R columns, N_{t }is a quantity of antenna ports, R is a rank value corresponding to a rank indication, N_{t }is an even number and N_{t }is greater than or equal to R;
wherein W_{1 }is a matrix of N_{t }rows and 2M columns, W_{2 }is a matrix of 2M rows and 2K columns, W_{3 }is a matrix of 2K rows and R columns, N_{t}, R, M and K are all positive integers, K is less than M and M is greater than or equal to 2; and
wherein none of W_{1}, W_{2}, and W_{3 }is an identity matrix, the 2M columns in W_{1 }comprise every column in W_{1}×
W_{2}, the first precoding matrix W_{1 }corresponds to a first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix W_{2 }corresponds to a second precoding matrix indicator and the third precoding matrix W_{3 }corresponds to a third precoding matrix indicator; and
sending, by the terminal device, the rank indication, the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator and the third precoding matrix indicator to the network device.
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Abstract
A method and apparatus for precoding matrix indicator feedback reduce a quantity of bits in the feedback. In the method, a terminal device receive a reference signal from a base station and determines a precoding matrix W in a precoding matrix set corresponding to a rank indication. W satisfies W=W_{1}×W_{2}×W_{3}, where W_{1}, W_{2 }and W_{3 }are matrices and respectively corresponding to a first, second and third precoding matrix indicator. None of W_{1}, W_{2}, and W_{3 }is an identity matrix, and the 2M columns in W_{1 }comprise every column in W_{1}×W_{2}. The terminal device transmits the rank indication, the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator to the base station.
5 Citations
No References
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Current Assignee
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Current Assignee
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Current Assignee
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Current Assignee
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Sponsoring Entity
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Current Assignee
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Sponsoring Entity
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14 Claims
 1. A method, comprising:
receiving, by a terminal device, a reference signal from a network device; based on the received reference signal, determining, by the terminal device, a precoding matrix W, wherein W satisfies W=W_{1}×
W_{2}×
W_{3}, W is a matrix of N_{t }rows and R columns, N_{t }is a quantity of antenna ports, R is a rank value corresponding to a rank indication, N_{t }is an even number and N_{t }is greater than or equal to R;wherein W_{1 }is a matrix of N_{t }rows and 2M columns, W_{2 }is a matrix of 2M rows and 2K columns, W_{3 }is a matrix of 2K rows and R columns, N_{t}, R, M and K are all positive integers, K is less than M and M is greater than or equal to 2; and wherein none of W_{1}, W_{2}, and W_{3 }is an identity matrix, the 2M columns in W_{1 }comprise every column in W_{1}×
W_{2}, the first precoding matrix W_{1 }corresponds to a first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix W_{2 }corresponds to a second precoding matrix indicator and the third precoding matrix W_{3 }corresponds to a third precoding matrix indicator; andsending, by the terminal device, the rank indication, the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator and the third precoding matrix indicator to the network device.  View Dependent Claims (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)
 8. An apparatus, comprising:
a receiver, configured to receive a reference signal from a network device; at least one processor, configured to, based on the received reference signal, determine a precoding matrix W, wherein W satisfies W=W_{1}×
W_{2}×
W_{3}, W is a matrix of N_{t }rows and R columns, N_{t }is a quantity of antenna ports, R is a rank value corresponding to a rank indication, N_{t }is an even number and N_{t }is greater than or equal to R;W_{1 }is a matrix of N_{t }rows and 2M columns, W_{2 }is a matrix of 2M rows and 2K columns, W_{3 }is a matrix of 2K rows and R columns, N_{t}, R, M and K are all positive integers, K is less than M and M is greater than or equal to 2; and wherein none of W_{1}, W_{2}, and W_{3 }is an identity matrix, and wherein the 2M columns in W_{1 }comprise every column in W_{1}×
W_{2}, the first precoding matrix W_{1 }corresponds to a first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix W_{2 }corresponds to a second precoding matrix indicator, the third precoding matrix W_{3 }corresponds to a third precoding matrix indicator; anda transmitter, configured to send the rank indication, the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator and the third precoding matrix indicator to the network device.  View Dependent Claims (9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14)
1 Specification
This application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 16/148,296, filed on Oct. 1, 2018, which is a continuation of International Application No. PCT/CN2016/078298, filed on Apr. 1, 2016. All of the aforementioned patent applications are hereby incorporated by reference in their entireties.
This application relates to the mobile communications field, and in particular, to a multipleantenna technology in a wireless communications system.
Multipleinput and multipleoutput (MIMO) technologies are widely applied in a Long Term Evolution (LTE) system. A transmitting end may use a precoding technology to process data, so as to improve signal transmission quality or a signal transmission rate. The transmitting end may be a base station or a terminal device.
In the LTE system, a base station obtains a precoding matrix usually in a manner in which a terminal device feeds back a precoding matrix indicator (PMI). A set of used precoding matrices is usually referred to as a codebook or a codebook set. Each precoding matrix in the codebook or the codebook set may also be referred to as a codeword.
The terminal device quantizes channel state information (CSI) and feeds back the CSI to the base station. The base station determines a precoding matrix based on the CSI. CSI information fed back in an existing LTE system includes a rank indication (RI), a PMI, and the like. The RI is used to indicate a quantity of data streams for spatial multiplexing. The PMI is used to indicate a precoding matrix.
An LTE standard supports 8 antenna ports and 16 antenna ports. Currently, a dualstage codebook feedback mechanism is defined to reduce a quantity of bits of a PMI fed back by a terminal device, so as to reduce load. Firststage feedback indicates a vector group, including four vectors for subsequent processing. One of the four vectors is selected for secondstage feedback, and the selected vector may be used for data precoding. The firststage feedback has a long period/a wide band characteristics, and the secondstage feedback has a short period/a subband characteristics.
As a quantity of antenna ports increases, a beam width obtained after the base station performs precoding becomes increasingly narrow. To better cover an entire system bandwidth, the vector group in the firststage feedback needs to include more vectors. For example, for 32 antenna ports, 16 antenna ports are included in each polarization direction. To enable a vector group in firststage feedback in a system with 32 antenna ports and a vector group in firststage feedback in a system with 16 antenna ports to have same coverage space, the vector group in the firststage feedback in the system with the 32 antenna ports needs to include 16 column vectors, as shown in
In a case of the 32 antenna ports, if the current codebook feedback mechanism is still used, to be specific, the vector group in the firststage feedback includes four vectors, a coverage bandwidth is inevitably affected, leading to performance degradation of a codebook.
If a quantity of vectors in the firststage feedback is increased to 16, the 16 vectors need to be used for selection for the secondstage feedback. This increases a quantity of bits in the secondstage feedback, and consequently, increases system overheads of the terminal device.
This application describes a precoding matrix indicator feedback method and an apparatus, so as to reduce system overheads of a terminal device while satisfying a system performance requirement as much as possible.
According to a first aspect, a precoding matrix determining method is provided. A terminal device determines a precoding matrix W in a precoding matrix set corresponding to a rank indication. W satisfies W=W_{1}×W_{2}×W_{3}, W is a matrix of N_{t }rows and R columns, N_{t }is a quantity of antenna ports, R is a rank value corresponding to the rank indication, N_{t }is greater than or equal to R. W_{1 }is a matrix of N_{t }rows and 2M columns, W_{2 }is a matrix of 2M rows and 2K columns, W_{3 }is a matrix of 2K rows and R columns, K is less than M. N_{t}, R, M, and K are all positive integers, M is greater than or equal to 2, N_{t }is an even number, none of W_{1}, W_{2}, and W_{3 }is an identity matrix, and the 2M columns in W_{1 }include every column in W_{1}×W_{2}. A first precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the first precoding matrix W_{1}, a second precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the second precoding matrix W_{2}, and a third precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the third precoding matrix W_{3}. The terminal device transmits the rank indication, the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator to the base station.
A set of columns in W_{1 }include every column in W_{1}×W_{2}. This represents that 2K column vectors are selected from the columns in W_{1 }as a result of W_{1}×W_{2}. In this way, a quantity of vectors in a set of tobeselected vectors is reduced subsequently, thereby reducing calculation complexity of subsequent processing, and reducing a quantity of bits for feeding back a PMI for selection from candidate vectors.
According to a second aspect, a precoding matrix indicator feedback method is provided. A base station receives a rank indication, a first precoding matrix indicator, a second precoding matrix indicator, and a third precoding matrix indicator a terminal device. The base station determines in a precoding matrix set corresponding to the rank indication, a precoding matrix W based on the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator. W satisfies W=W_{1}×W_{2}×W_{3}, W is a matrix of N_{t }rows and R columns, N_{t }is a quantity of antenna ports, R is a rank value corresponding to the rank indication, N_{t }is greater than or equal to R, W_{1 }is a matrix of N_{t }rows and 2M columns, W_{2 }is a matrix of 2M rows and 2K columns, W_{3 }is a matrix of 2K rows and R columns, K is less than M, N_{t}, R, M, and K are all positive integers, M is greater than or equal to 2, N_{t }is an even number, none of W_{1}, W_{2}, and W_{3 }is an identity matrix, and the 2M columns in W_{1 }include every column in W_{1}×W_{2}.
The first precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the first precoding matrix W_{1}, the second precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the second precoding matrix W_{2}, and the third precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the third precoding matrix W_{3}.
According to a third aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a terminal device. The terminal device has a function of implementing behaviors of the terminal device in the foregoing method designs. The function may be implemented by hardware, or may be implemented by hardware executing corresponding software. The hardware or the software includes one or more modules corresponding to the foregoing functions. The modules may be software and/or hardware.
The terminal device includes a receiver, a processor and a transmitter. The receiver is configured to receive a reference signal from a base station. The processor is configured to determine a precoding matrix W in a precoding matrix set corresponding to a rank indication. W satisfies W=W_{1}×W_{2}×W_{3}, W is a matrix of N_{t }rows and R columns, N_{t }is a quantity of antenna ports, R is a rank value corresponding to the rank indication, N_{t }is greater than or equal to R. W_{1 }is a matrix of N_{t }rows and 2M columns, W_{2 }is a matrix of 2M rows and 2K columns, W_{3 }is a matrix of 2K rows and R columns, K is less than M. N_{t}, R, M, and K are all positive integers, M is greater than or equal to 2, N_{t }is an even number. None of W_{1}, W_{2}, and W_{3 }is an identity matrix, and the 2M columns in W_{1 }include every column in W_{1}×W_{2}. A first precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the first precoding matrix W_{1}, a second precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the second precoding matrix W_{2}, a third precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the third precoding matrix W_{3}.
The transmitter is configured to send the rank indication, the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator to the base station.
Optionally, receiver is configured to receive a configuration parameter sent by the base station.
According to a fourth aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a base station. The base station has a function of implementing behaviors of the base station in the foregoing method designs. The function may be implemented by hardware, or may be implemented by hardware executing corresponding software. The hardware or the software includes one or more modules corresponding to the foregoing functions.
The base station includes a receiver and a processor. The receiver is configured to receive a rank indication, a first precoding matrix indicator, a second precoding matrix indicator, and a third precoding matrix indicator from a terminal device. The processor is configured to determine in a precoding matrix set corresponding to the rank indication a precoding matrix W based on the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator. W satisfies W=W_{1}×W_{2}×W_{3}, W is a matrix of N_{t }rows and R columns, N_{t }is a quantity of antenna ports, R is a rank value corresponding to the rank indication, N_{t }is greater than or equal to R. W_{1 }is a matrix of N_{t }rows and 2M columns, W_{2 }is a matrix of 2M rows and 2K columns, W_{3 }is a matrix of 2K rows and R columns, K is less than M. N_{t}, R, M, and K are all positive integers, M is greater than or equal to 2, N_{t }is an even number. None of W_{1}, W_{2}, and W_{3 }is an identity matrix, and the 2M columns in W_{1 }include every column in W_{1}×W_{2}. The first precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the first precoding matrix W_{1}, the second precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the second precoding matrix W_{2}, and the third precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the third precoding matrix W_{3}.
Optionally, the base station further includes a transmitter configured to send a configuration parameter.
In the first to the fourth aspects, further, there may be the following optional designs:
Optionally, each precoding matrix W in the precoding matrix set corresponding to the rank indication satisfies W=W_{1}×W_{2}×W_{3}.
Optionally, W_{2 }satisfies
X_{2 }is a matrix of M rows and K columns, any column in X_{2 }is represented as e_{p}, e_{p }is an M×1 column vector, a p^{th }element in e_{p }is 1, remaining elements are 0, and p is an integer from 1 to M.
Optionally, W_{1 }satisfies
X_{1 }is a matrix of N_{t}/2 rows and M columns, X_{1}=[v_{0 }. . . v_{M−1}], v_{0 }is a column vector including N_{t}/2 elements, and o is an integer from 0 to M−1; and
Any column in W_{3 }is represented as
ϕ_{n }is a complex number, e_{l }is a K×1 column vector, an l^{th }element in e_{l }is 1, remaining elements are 0, and l is an integer from 1 to K.
Optionally, a frequency domain resource corresponding to the first precoding matrix indicator is a downlink system bandwidth of the terminal device. The downlink system bandwidth includes A first subbands and B second subbands, A and B are positive integers greater than 1, and A is less than or equal to B.
A frequency domain resource corresponding to the second precoding matrix indicator is one of the A first subbands, and a frequency domain resource corresponding to the third precoding matrix indicator is one of the B second subbands.
A quantity of column vectors in a vector group corresponding to the first subband is less than a quantity of vectors in a vector group corresponding to the system bandwidth. Therefore, a quantity of vectors that need to be searched during vector selection on the second subband is reduced, and a quantity of bits required for feeding back an indicator of the selected vector on the second subband can be reduced.
Optionally, a frequency domain resource of at least one of the A first subbands is the same as frequency domain resources of at least two of the B second subbands.
Optionally, frequency domain resources corresponding to the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator are downlink system bandwidths of the terminal device.
Optionally, a transmission period of the first precoding matrix indicator is P_{1}, a transmission period of the second precoding matrix indicator is P_{2}, a transmission period of the third precoding matrix indicator is P_{3}, P_{1 }is greater than or equal to P_{2}, and P_{2 }is greater than or equal to P_{3}.
Optionally, the transmission periods P_{1}, P_{2}, and P_{3 }are sent by the base station to the terminal device through Radio Resource Control (RRC) signaling.
Different transmission periods are configured for different precoding matrix indicators, and are used to correspond to different features of a channel. Some precoding matrix indicators correspond to a part that is of the channel and that varies relatively fast over time, and some precoding matrix indicators correspond to a part that is of the channel and that varies relatively slowly over time. For example, the first precoding matrix indicator corresponds to a part that is of a channel and that varies most slowly over time, the second precoding matrix indicator corresponds to a part that is of the channel and that varies relatively slowly over time, and the third precoding matrix indicator corresponds to a part that is of the channel and that varies relatively fast over time. P_{1}, P_{2}, and P_{3 }are configured based on channel features, so as to reduce a quantity of bits for feeding back a PMI.
Optionally, T column vectors in 2K column vectors in W_{2 }are indicated by the first precoding matrix indicator, T is an integer greater than or equal to 2, and T is less than K; and 2K−T column vectors in W_{2 }except the T column vectors are indicated by the T column vectors and the second precoding matrix indicator. In this way, a quantity of bits required for feeding back the second precoding matrix indicator is reduced.
Optionally, 2K column vectors in W_{2 }are indicated by a configuration parameter delivered by a base station and the second precoding matrix indicator. In this way, a quantity of bits required for feeding back the second precoding matrix indicator is reduced.
Optionally, the configuration parameter is used to indicate a selectable column vector set of W_{1}, the selectable column vector set includes J column vectors, and J satisfies 2K<J<2M.
Optionally, the configuration parameter is a configuration parameter sent by the base station to the terminal device through RRC signaling.
Optionally, X_{1 }in W_{1 }satisfies X_{1}=[v_{0}^{1 }. . . v_{M}_{1}_{−1}^{l}]⊗[v_{0}^{2 }. . . v_{M}_{2}_{−1}^{2}], where
v_{m}^{l }is a column vector including N_{1 }elements, v_{n}^{2 }is a column vector including N_{2 }elements, N_{1}×N_{2}=N_{t}/2, M_{1}×M_{2}=M, and ⊗ represents a Kronecker product.
Optionally, X_{2 }in W_{2 }satisfies X_{2}=X_{3}⊗X_{4}, where X_{3 }is a matrix of M_{1 }rows and K_{1 }columns, X_{4 }is a matrix of M_{2 }rows and K_{2 }columns, and ⊗ represents a Kronecker product.
Any column in X_{3 }is represented as e_{i}, e_{i }is an M_{1}×1 column vector, an i^{th }element in e_{i }is 1, remaining elements are 0, and a value of i is an integer from 1 to M_{1}.
any column in X_{4 }is represented as e_{j}, e_{j }is an M_{2}×1 column vector, a j^{th }element in e_{j }is 1, remaining elements are 0, and a value of j is an integer from 1 to M_{2}.
K_{1}×K_{2}=K,
and
M_{1}×M_{2}=M.
In the third and the fourth aspects, the sending unit may be a transmitter, the receiving unit may be a receiver, and the processing unit may be a processor.
An embodiment of the present invention further provides a system. The system includes the terminal device and the base station in the foregoing embodiments.
In this application, feedback (or sending) of the first precoding matrix indicator may be considered as firststage feedback, feedback of the second precoding matrix indicator may be considered as secondstage feedback, and feedback of the third precoding matrix indicator may be considered as thirdstage feedback.
Compared with the prior art, in the solutions provided in this application, feedback of a precoding matrix indicator is classified into three stages. The secondstage feedback is used to indicate some vectors in a vector group indicated by the firststage feedback. Due to a reduction in a quantity of tobeselected vectors, system overheads of calculating the thirdstage feedback by the terminal are reduced, and a quantity of bits required for the thirdstage feedback is reduced, thereby better balancing system performance and feedback overheads of the terminal device.
To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, the following briefly describes the accompanying drawings for describing the embodiments.
The technical solutions according to embodiments of the present invention are clearly described in the following with reference to the accompanying drawings. Apparently, the described embodiments are merely some but not all of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Network architectures and business scenarios described in the embodiments of the present invention aim to more clearly describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the technical solutions provided in the embodiments of the present invention. A person of ordinary skill in the art may know that as the network architectures evolve and a new business scenario emerges, the technical solutions provided in the embodiments of the present invention further apply to a similar technical problem.
It should be understood that the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention may be applied to various communications systems, for example, a Long Term Evolution (LTE) system, an LTE frequency division duplex (FDD) system, an LTE time division duplex (TDD) communications system, a device to device (D2D) communication, or the like.
It should also be understood that in the embodiments of the present invention, the terminal device (terminal equipment) may be referred to as a terminal, or may be user equipment (UE), a mobile station (MS), a mobile terminal, or the like. The terminal device may communicate with one or more core networks by using a radio access network (RAN). For example, the terminal device may be a mobile phone (or referred to as a “cellular” phone) or a computer with a mobile terminal. For example, the terminal device may also be a portable, pocketsized, handheld, computer builtin, or invehicle mobile apparatus, which exchanges voice and/or data with the radio access network.
In the embodiments of the present invention, the base station may be an evolved base station (evolved node B, “eNB or eNodeB” for short) in LTE, or may be another base station, or an access network device such as a relay. For the D2D communication, the base station may also be a device in the D2D communication. This is not limited in the present invention. For convenience of description, the following embodiments are described by using the eNB as an example.
Step 101: A terminal device determines a rank indication.
In step 101, one rank value corresponds to one rank indication. The terminal device sends the rank indication to a base station, to indicate a quantity of downlink data streams that the terminal device expects to use for spatial multiplexing. For example, the rank value ranges from 1 to 8, and the rank indication is represented by three bits. When the rank indication is 000, it represents that a rank is 1, when the rank indication is 001, it represents that a rank is 2, and by analog. In conclusion, when a value is taken for a rank, there is a value of a rank indication corresponding to the rank.
Optionally, the terminal device may determine, based on information such as channel state information and the like, a quantity of data streams for spatial multiplexing, namely, a rank. Optionally, the base station sends a cellspecific reference signal (CRS) or a channel state information reference signal (CSIRS) to the terminal device. The terminal device obtains downlink channel estimation and downlink interference estimation based on the CRS or the CSIRS, and then determines, based on the downlink channel estimation and the downlink interference estimation, a quantity of transmitted downlink data streams that the terminal device expects to use for spatial multiplexing during downlink transmission, namely, a rank. It should be understood that the terminal device may determine the rank by using a method wellknown to a person skilled in the art. For brevity, details are not described herein.
Step 102: Determine a precoding matrix in a precoding matrix set corresponding to the rank indication.
In step 102, the terminal device may determine, in a precoding matrix set corresponding to the rank indication and based on a reference signal such as the CSIRS, a precoding matrix that the terminal device expects the base station eNB to use when the base station sends downlink data.
Step 103: Determine a first precoding matrix indicator, a second precoding matrix indicator, and a third precoding matrix indicator that are used to indicate the precoding matrix.
For the base station and the terminal device, there is a precoding matrix set for each rank (or each rank indication). In addition, in a case of a given rank, each precoding matrix is indicated by a first precoding matrix indicator, a second precoding matrix indicator, and a third precoding matrix indicator. There is a correspondence between a precoding matrix W and a first precoding matrix indicator, a second precoding matrix indicator, and a third precoding matrix indicator. For example, for a rank 1, the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator each are represented by two bits, and there are a total of six bits to represent the three precoding matrix indicators. A precoding matrix set for the rank 1 includes 2{circumflex over ( )}6=64 precoding matrices. Each precoding matrix W corresponds to three precoding matrix indicators. For example, a value of the first precoding matrix indicator is 00, a value of the second precoding matrix indicator is 00, and a value of the third precoding matrix indicator is 00. This is equivalent to that a 6bit precoding matrix indicator is 000000, and corresponds to one precoding matrix W. When the 6bit precoding matrix indicator is 000001, the 6bit precoding matrix indicator corresponds to another precoding matrix W. By analog, each precoding matrix W has a onetoone correspondence with a precoding matrix indicator. This is equivalent to that when a value of a precoding matrix indicator is known, a corresponding precoding matrix is determined.
Step 104: The terminal device sends the rank indication, the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator to a base station.
For example, on a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) or another channel, the terminal device sends, to the base station, the rank indication and a precoding matrix indicator (the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator) that is used to indicate the precoding matrix. The base station may configure the terminal device to feed back the precoding matrix indicator on the PUSCH, or to feed back the precoding matrix indicator on a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH). For sending of the rank indication, the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator by the terminal device, the rank indication may be sent before the three precoding matrix indicators are sent, or may be sent together with a part of the three precoding indicators, or may be sent together with all of the three precoding indicators. There is no sequence limit on sending of the rank indication and the precoding matrix indicators.
On a side of the base station, in step 105, the base station receives the rank indication and the precoding matrix indicators sent by the terminal device. For receiving of the rank indication, the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator by the base station, the rank indication may be received before the three precoding matrix indicators are received, or may be received together with a part of the three precoding indicators, or may be received together with all of the three precoding indicators. There is no sequence limit on receiving of the rank indication and the precoding matrix indicators.
On the side of the base station, in step 106, in a codebook set corresponding to the rank indication, the precoding matrix is determined based on the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator.
On the side of the base station, in step 107, the base station sends data based on the precoding matrix.
Optionally, in step 107, the base station sends data to the terminal device based on the precoding matrix determined in step 106. The base station may send the data to the terminal device on a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH). When the data is sent, the precoding matrix used by the base station may be a precoding matrix corresponding to the precoding matrix indicators fed back by the terminal device, or another precoding matrix obtained after this precoding matrix is tranformed, for example, considering a zeroforcing algorithm at a transmitting end in multiuser MIMO.
W satisfies W=W_{1}×W_{2}×W_{3}, W is a matrix of N_{t }rows and R columns, N_{t }is a quantity of antenna ports, R is a rank value corresponding to the rank indication, N_{t }is greater than or equal to R, W_{1 }is a matrix of N_{t }rows and 2M columns, W_{2 }is a matrix of 2M rows and 2K columns, W_{3 }is a matrix of 2K rows and R columns, K is less than M, N_{t}, R, M, and K are all positive integers, M is greater than or equal to 2, N_{t }is an even number, none of W_{1}, W_{2}, and W_{3 }is an identity matrix, and the 2M columns in W_{1 }include every column in W_{1}×W_{2}.
The precoding matrix W corresponds to a first precoding matrix indicator, a second precoding matrix indicator, and a third precoding matrix indicator, the first precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the first precoding matrix W_{1}, the second precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the second precoding matrix W_{2}, and the third precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the third precoding matrix W_{3}.
A set of columns in W_{1 }include every column in W_{1}×W_{2}. This represents that 2K column vectors are selected from the columns in W_{1 }as a result of W_{1}×W_{2}. In this way, a quantity of vectors in a set of tobeselected vectors is reduced subsequently, thereby reducing calculation complexity of subsequent processing, and reducing a quantity of bits for feeding back a PMI for selection from candidate vectors. For example, W_{2 }is used to select a column vector from W_{1}, so that a quantity of selectable vector sets in W_{3 }is reduced, thereby reducing a quantity of bits required for feeding back W_{3}, and reducing calculation complexity.
In this embodiment of the present invention, in an optional implementation, each precoding matrix W in the precoding matrix set corresponding to the rank indication satisfies W=W_{1}×W_{2}×W_{3}.
As a quantity of antenna ports in a horizontal direction or a vertical direction increases, a formed beam becomes increasingly thinner, and it is even possible that one beam can cover only one path in a multipath channel. To capture more channel paths, that the terminal device selects and feeds back a plurality of vector groups for the base station to perform precoding is a good method. The vector group may include four or less vectors, for example, including two vectors. This method is described below by using an example in which there are 32 antenna ports with an antenna configuration (N_{1}, N_{2})=(16, 1) (as shown in
In such an antenna form, an entire system bandwidth can be covered only when W_{1 }includes 16 vectors. For example,
where W_{1 }is a block diagonal matrix, and two diagonal matrices are the same in W_{1}.
A quantity of vectors included in W_{1 }is a quantity of column vectors included in X_{1}, and is not a quantity of column vectors in W_{1}. A quantity of column vectors in W_{1 }is twice that of column vectors included in X_{1}. Usually, when a column vector in X_{1 }acts on an antenna port in a polarization direction, a beamforming function can be played. For example, each column in X_{1 }is a DFT (DFT, Discrete Fourier Transform, discrete Fourier transform) vector. Therefore, each column vector in X_{1 }may be considered as a direction vector or a beam vector.
The DFT vector refers to a T×1 precoding matrix, and the DFT vector v usually has a form shown by the following equation:
v=[1 e^{j2πm/N }. . . e^{j2π(T2)m/N }. . . e^{j2π(T1)m/N}]^{T} (1)
where N and m are integers (N is not equal to 0), usually, N=2^{x}, x is a nonnegative integer, in other words, N is x powers of 2, and a t^{th }element in the DFT vector v is e^{j2π(t1)m/N}, (t=1, 2, . . . , T). A superscript^{T }represents matrix transposing. One diagonal block X_{1 }in W_{1 }is used for one polarization direction, and another diagonal block X_{1 }is used for another polarization direction. In an example of
The 16 vectors in W1 include a vector that the terminal device expects, within a relatively long time, the base station to use during precoding. However, actually, at a moment, not each vector in the vector group can be used. For example, for a terminal device, there are two strong paths from the terminal device to an antenna port of the base station. For the first strong path, when the base station uses a vector in the first vector group to perform precoding, a generated beam can aim to the first strong path in a direction of a main lobe. When the base station uses a vector in the fourth vector group to perform precoding, a generated beam can aim to the second strong path in the direction of the main lobe, as shown in
In this case, the terminal device needs to send the first precoding matrix indicator (including 16 beam vectors) corresponding to W_{1}, and further feed back the second precoding matrix indicator of one or more vector groups selected from W_{1}. For example, in this example, the terminal device sends indicators of the first vector group and the fourth vector group to the base station.
When the terminal device learns, through measurement, that a channel rank is greater than 2, the terminal device needs to select, for each reported vector group, one or more vector groups orthogonal to the reported vector group, and send numbers of the one or more selected orthogonal vector groups to the base station. For example, a rank determined by the terminal device is 4, and vector groups reported by the terminal device are numbered as 1 and 4. Vectors included in the vector group numbered 1 are [v_{1 }v_{2 }v_{3 }v_{4}], and vectors included in the vector group numbered 2 are [v_{5 }v_{6 }v_{7 }v_{8}]. In addition, the terminal further needs to send, to the base station, a vector group 1+k orthogonal to the vector group 1 and a vector group 4+k′ orthogonal to the vector group 4, where vectors in the vector group numbered l+k are [v_{1+k }v_{2+k }v_{3+k }v_{4+k}], and vectors in the vector group numbered l+k′ are [v_{5+k′} v_{6+k′} v_{7+k′ }v_{8+k′}]. Based on the foregoing descriptions,
and Y=[v_{1 }. . . v_{8 }v_{1+k }. . . v_{4+k }v_{5+k }. . . v_{8+k}] are obtained.
In this embodiment of the present invention, in an optional implementation, W_{2 }satisfies
X_{2 }is a matrix of M rows and K columns, any column in X_{2 }is represented as e_{p}, e_{p }is an M×1 column vector, a p^{th }element in
is 1, remaining elements are 0, and p is an integer from 1 to M.
In this embodiment of the present invention, in an optional implementation, W_{1 }satisfies
X_{1 }is a matrix of N_{t}/2 rows and M columns, X_{1}=[v_{0 }. . . v_{M−1}], v_{o }is a column vector including N_{t}/2 elements, and o is an integer from 0 to M−1.
Any column in W_{3 }is represented as
ϕ_{n }is a complex number, ∈_{l }is a K×1 column vector, an l^{th }element in is 1, remaining elements are 0, and l is an integer from 1 to K.
For example, W_{1 }may be represented as
X_{1}=[v_{k}^{l }. . . v_{k+L}_{1}_{−1}^{l}]⊗[v_{l}^{2 }. . . v_{l+L}_{2}_{−1}^{2}], where
represents an m^{th }precoding vector in the first direction, m=0, 1, . . . ; L_{1}−1, L_{1 }represents a quantity of column vectors in the first direction in X_{1 }in W_{1},
represents an n^{th }precoding vector in the second direction, n=0, 1, . . . ; L_{2}−1, L_{2 }represents a quantity of column vectors in the second direction in A in W_{1}, and both Q_{1 }and Q_{2 }are generation parameters for generating the foregoing column vectors, and are positive integers. The first direction may be a horizontal direction (or a vertical direction), and the second direction may be a vertical direction (or a horizontal direction).
W_{2 }is used to further select K column vectors from vector groups in W_{1}, and may be represented as
where X_{2}=[e_{i }. . . e_{j}]_{M×K}, X_{2 }is a matrix of M rows and K columns, ∈_{l }represents an M×1 column vector, an i^{th }element in ∈_{l }is 1, remaining elements are 0, and M=L_{1}×L_{2}.
A function of ∈_{l }in W_{3 }is to indicate a precoding vector, and a function of ϕ_{n }is to perform phase weighting on two groups of polarization antennas. Because first N_{t}/2 rows in the precoding matrix W correspond to a precoding weighting of an antenna port in one polarization direction, last N_{t}/2 rows correspond to a precoding weighting of an antenna port in another polarization direction.
In this embodiment of the present invention, in an optional implementation, a frequency domain resource corresponding to the first precoding matrix indicator is a downlink system bandwidth of the terminal device.
The downlink system bandwidth includes A first subbands and B second subbands, A and B are positive integers greater than 1, and A is less than or equal to B.
A frequency domain resource corresponding to the second precoding matrix indicator is one of the A first subbands, and a frequency domain resource corresponding to the third precoding matrix indicator is one of the B second subbands.
The downlink system bandwidth may be a downlink system bandwidth of a carrier. For example, if there is only one downlink carrier, the downlink system bandwidth is a downlink system bandwidth of the carrier. In a carrier aggregation scenario, if there are a plurality of downlink carriers, the downlink system bandwidth is a downlink system bandwidth of a carrier corresponding to a CSI fed back by the terminal device. For example, there are two downlink carriers: a carrier 1 and a carrier 2. If the terminal device currently feeds back a CSI of the carrier 1, the downlink system bandwidth is a downlink system bandwidth of the carrier 1.
Optionally, the terminal device reports a second precoding matrix indicator for each first subband, and reports a third precoding matrix indicator for each second subband.
In this embodiment of the present invention, in an optional implementation, a frequency domain resource of at least one of the A first subbands is the same as frequency domain resources of at least two of the B second subbands.
For example, the entire system bandwidth is divided into A first subbands, and each first subband includes S second subbands. The terminal device sends a second precoding matrix indicator to the base station for the entire system bandwidth. The terminal device sends a first precoding indicator for the system bandwidth, sends a second precoding matrix indicator for each first subband, and sends a third precoding matrix indicator for each second subband.
The terminal device needs to select a second precoding matrix indicator for each first subband. The second precoding matrix indicator is used to select 2K column vectors from the first precoding matrix for the subband. In
For a rank (or rank indication), each precoding matrix W in a corresponding precoding matrix set may be represented as W=W_{1}×W_{2}×W_{3}. It is assumed that W_{1 }includes 16 beam vectors.
and X_{1 }has 16 columns, which correspond to the 16 beam vectors. The following gives an example of different antenna port configurations and different W_{1 }and W_{2}.
For example, when an antenna port is configured as (N_{1}, N_{2})=(8, 2), where N_{1 }is a quantity of antenna ports in a horizontal direction, and N_{2 }is a quantity of antenna ports in a vertical direction, a diagonal matrix of W_{1 }is a Kronecker product of eight vectors in the horizontal direction and two vectors in the vertical direction, and there are a total of 16 beam vectors. When an antenna port is configured as (N_{1}, N_{2})=(4, 4), a beam vector in W_{1 }is a Kronecker product of four vectors in the horizontal direction and four vectors in the vertical direction, and there also are a total of 16 beam vectors. The vectors in W_{1 }are divided into several vector groups, and each vector group includes four or eight beam vectors.
Using (N_{1}, N_{2})=(8, 2) as an example, W_{1 }includes 16 beam vectors. The 16 beam vectors are numbered as 1, 2, . . . , and 16. Using eight beams as one beam vector group, and there are four overlapped beam vectors between every two neighboring beam vector groups. Therefore, the 16 beam vectors may be divided into three beam vector groups. The first beam vector group includes beam vectors numbered 1 to 8, the second beam vector group includes beam vectors numbered 5 to 12, and the third beam vector group includes beam vectors numbered 9 to 16. The terminal device indicates a selected beam vector group by the second precoding matrix indicator. This is equivalent to that W_{2 }is determined. In this way, for the third precoding indicator, three bits may be used to select a beam vector for precoding.
This may alternatively be that W_{1 }includes 16 beam vectors, which are divided into four groups, and each group includes four beam vectors. The first beam vector group includes beam vectors numbered 1 to 4, the second beam vector group includes beam vectors numbered 5 to 8, the third beam vector group includes beam vectors numbered 9 to 12, and the fourth beam vector group includes beam vectors numbered 13 to 16. There is no overlapped beam vector between neighboring groups. The terminal device indicates a selected beam vector group by the second precoding matrix indicator.
In this embodiment of the present invention, in an optional implementation, frequency domain resources corresponding to the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator are downlink system bandwidths of the terminal device. This implementation corresponds to wideband feedback of a precoding matrix indicator. The wideband feedback of the precoding matrix indicator means that a frequency domain resource corresponding to a feedback precoding matrix indicator is an entire system bandwidth.
In this embodiment of the present invention, in an optional implementation, a transmission period of the first precoding matrix indicator is P_{1}, a transmission period of the second precoding matrix indicator is P_{2}, a transmission period of the third precoding matrix indicator is P_{3}, P_{1 }is greater than or equal to P_{2}, and P_{2 }is greater than or equal to P_{3}.
In this embodiment of the present invention, in an optional implementation, the transmission periods P_{1}, P_{2}, and P_{3 }are sent by the base station to the terminal device through RRC signaling.
Different transmission periods may be configured for different precoding matrix indicators, and are used to correspond to different features of a channel. Some precoding matrix indicators correspond to a part that is of the channel and that varies relatively fast over time, and some precoding matrix indicators correspond to a part that is of the channel and that varies relatively slowly over time. For example, the first precoding matrix indicator corresponds to a part that is of a channel and that varies most slowly over time, the second precoding matrix indicator corresponds to a part that is of the channel and that varies relatively slowly over time, and the third precoding matrix indicator corresponds to a part that is of the channel and that varies relatively fast over time. P_{1}, P_{2}, and P_{3 }are configured based on channel features, so as to reduce a quantity of bits for feeding back a PMI.
For example, in an LTE system, a length of one subframe is 1 millisecond, which is also a length of one transmission time interval (TTI). The TTI refers to a transmission length for independent decoding on a radio link.
The terminal device feeds back the precoding matrix indicator on a PUCCH. In a first feedback mode, a channel quality indication (CQI) and the third precoding matrix indicator are reported on the PUCCH in one subframe. The rank indication and the first precoding matrix indicator are reported on the PUCCH in one subframe.
A reporting period of the rank indication and the first precoding matrix indicator is P_{1}, a reporting period of the second precoding matrix indicator is P_{2}, and a reporting period of the channel quality indication and the third precoding matrix indicator is P_{3}, where P_{1}=T_{1}P_{2}, and P_{2}=T_{2}P_{3}. For example, T_{1}=10, and T_{2}=4.
In a second feedback mode of the PUCCH, the RI, a precoding type indication (PTI), and the first precoding matrix indicator are reported together, and there also are three reporting periods: P_{1}, P_{2}, and P_{3}.
At a reporting moment in the period P_{1}, the terminal device reports the RI, the PTI, and the first precoding matrix indicator on the PUCCH.
At a reporting moment in the period P_{2}, when PTI=0, the second precoding matrix indicator is reported. When PTI=1, a wideband CQI and wideband W_{3 }are reported. Wideband CQI reporting (wideband CQI feedback) means that a frequency domain resource corresponding to a feedback CQI is an entire system bandwidth.
At a reporting moment in the period P_{3}, when PTI=0, a wideband CQI and wideband W_{3 }are reported. When PTI=1, a third precoding matrix indicator corresponding to a subband CQI and subband W_{3 }are reported, where P_{1}=T_{1}P_{2}, and P_{2}=T_{2}P_{3}. For example, T_{1}=8, and T_{2}=5.
In this embodiment of the present invention, in an optional implementation, T column vectors in 2K column vectors in W_{2 }are indicated by the first precoding matrix indicator, T is an integer greater than or equal to 2, and T is less than K. 2K−T column vectors in W_{2 }except the T column vectors are indicated by the T column vectors and the second precoding matrix indicator.
For example, based on the first precoding matrix indicator, 16 beam vectors are determined as [v_{1 }. . . v_{16}], where [v_{1 }v_{2 }v_{3 }v_{4}] are mandatory beam vectors. The second precoding matrix indicator is not required, and the second precoding matrix indicator is only used to indicate another vector group. For example, l is used to indicate a relationship between a second vector group and a first vector group. For example, W_{1}×W_{2 }may also be represented as
where Y=[v_{1 }v_{2 }v_{3 }v_{4 }v_{1+l }. . . v_{4+l}], and Y is a matrix N_{t}/2 rows and K columns. The second vector group may alternatively be directly indicated. For example, the first precoding matrix indicator corresponds to four vector groups, where the first vector group is a mandatory vector group. The second precoding matrix indicator indicates an another selected vector group. Compared with selecting a plurality of groups of vectors from W_{1 }by the second precoding matrix indicator, in the present invention, a vector group that needs to be indicated is reduced by using the second precoding matrix indicator, thereby reducing a quantity of bits in feedback. For example, the second precoding matrix changes from indicating two vector groups to indicating one vector group, reducing a quantity of bits required for indicating one vector group.
In this embodiment of the present invention, in an optional implementation, 2K column vectors in W_{2 }are indicated by a configuration parameter delivered by a base station and the second precoding matrix indicator.
For example, W_{1 }includes 16 beam vectors, which are divided into four groups, and each group includes four vectors. The first vector group includes beam vectors numbered 1 to 4, the second vector group includes beam vectors numbered 5 to 8, the third vector group includes beam vectors numbered 9 to 12, and the fourth vector group includes beam vectors numbered 13 to 16. As shown in this example, the terminal device sends indicators of the first vector group and the fourth vector group to the base station by using the second precoding matrix indicator, and there are a total of eight column vectors. To further reduce a quantity of bits of a precoding indicator sent by the terminal device, the selected vector group may further be downsampled based on the configuration parameter. For example, when the configuration parameter is 1, first to fourth vectors are selected from the eighth vectors. When the configuration parameter is 2, the first, second, fifth, and sixth column vectors are selected from the eighth vectors. When the configuration parameter is 3, the first, third, sixth, and eighth column vectors are selected from the eighth vectors. When the configuration parameter is 4, the first, fourth, fifth, and eighth column vectors are selected from the eighth vectors. For example, the terminal device indicates eight vectors, which are denoted as v_{1}, v_{2}, . . . , and v_{8 }by the second precoding matrix indicator. If no configuration parameter is used to downsample the selected vector groups,
Y=[v_{1 }v_{2 }. . . v_{8}], including eight vectors. Further, W_{1}×W_{2 }includes eight beam vectors. If there is a configuration parameter used to downsample the selected vector groups, and the configuration parameter is 1,
Y=[v_{1 }v_{2 }v_{3 }v_{4}], including four vectors. Further, W_{1}×W_{2}, includes four beam vectors. Because the configuration parameter is configured by the base station, the configuration parameter is fixed after configuration, and therefore does not occupy a feedback bit of the terminal device. In this way, for the third precoding indicator, only two bits may be used to select a beam vector for precoding. If there is no configuration parameter, 3 bits need to be used to select a beam vector for precoding. Therefore, in this implementation, a quantity of bits for feeding back the third precoding indicator can be reduced.
Optionally, the configuration parameter may be sent by the base station to the terminal device through RRC signaling.
In this embodiment of the present invention, in an optional implementation, the configuration parameter is used to indicate a selectable column vector set of W_{1}, the selectable column vector set includes J column vectors, and J satisfies 2K<J<2M.
For example, the first precoding indicator indicates that W_{1 }includes 16 beam vectors. Using four beams as one beam vector group, there may be four beam groups after division. Two of the beam vector groups are determined by using the configuration parameter. For example, the first and the third beam vector groups are determined by using the configuration parameter. Because each vector group has four beam vectors, a total of eight beam vectors are selected by using the configuration parameter. This is equivalent to that in this implementation, J=8×2=16. It is further determined, based on the second precoding indicator, whether to select the first beam vector group or the third beam vector group for subsequent processing. A quantity of bits for feeding back the second precoding indicator is reduced by using the configuration parameter.
In this embodiment of the present invention, in an optional implementation, X_{1 }in W_{1 }satisfies X_{1}=[v_{0}^{1 }. . . v_{M}_{1}_{−1}^{1}]⊗[v_{0}^{2 }. . . v_{M}_{2}_{−1}^{2}], where
v_{m}^{1 }is a column vector including N_{1 }elements, v_{n}^{2 }is a column vector including N_{2 }elements, N_{1}×N_{2}=N_{t}/2, M_{1}×M_{2}=M, and ⊗ represents a Kronecker product.
In this embodiment of the present invention, in an optional implementation, X_{2 }in W_{2 }satisfies X_{2}=X_{3 }⊗X_{4}, where X_{3 }is a matrix of M_{1 }rows and K_{1 }columns, X_{1 }is a matrix of M_{2 }rows and K_{2 }columns, and ⊗ represents a Kronecker product.
Any column in X_{3 }is represented as ∈_{l}, ∈_{l }is an column vector, an i^{th }element in ∈_{l }is 1, remaining elements are 0, a value of i is an integer from 1 to M_{1}.
Any column in X_{1 }is represented as ∈_{j}, ∈_{j }is an M_{2}×1 column vector, a j^{th }element in ξ_{j }is 1, remaining elements are 0, a value of j is an integer from 1 to M_{2}.
K_{1}×K_{2}=K,
and
M_{1}×M_{2}=M.
In the foregoing embodiment, there may be no preference in order between step 102 and step 103, and determining in the two steps may be performed simultaneously. This is because when the precoding matrix that the terminal device expects the base station to use is determined, the corresponding precoding matrix indicator is determined.
Step 101 may be performed before steps 102 and 103. Alternatively, step 101 and steps 102 and 103 may be performed simultaneously.
For example, a received signal model of the UE is:
y=H W s+n (2)
where y is a received signal vector, H is a channel matrix, w is a precoding matrix, s is a transmitted symbol vector, and n is interference plus noise.
The terminal device traverses all ranks and all precoding matrices corresponding to the ranks, and calculates a channel capacity obtained after precoding is performed on each precoding matrix. A channel capacity is obtained for each precoding matrix. The channel capacity may be a quantity of bits that can be correctly sent at the transmitting end. A precoding matrix corresponding to a maximum channel capacity and a rank corresponding to the precoding matrix are obtained. The terminal device sends, to the base station, a rank indication corresponding to the precoding matrix and a precoding matrix indicator corresponding to the precoding matrix.
When a rank is determined, for example, in a subframe, the terminal device needs to send a precoding matrix indicator. A rank indication has been sent before. In this case, the terminal device only needs to traverse a precoding matrix set corresponding to the rank indication. For example, a rank corresponding to the rank indication is 1, the terminal device needs to traverse only a precoding matrix set for which a rank is equal to 1, so as to obtain a precoding matrix allowing a maximum channel capacity; and sends a corresponding precoding matrix indicator to the base station.
When traversing a precoding matrix corresponding to a rank, the terminal device may obtain the precoding matrix by a precoding matrix indicator. For example, during precoding matrix indicator traversing, when a precoding matrix indicator is traversed, a precoding matrix is obtained based on the precoding matrix indicator, and a channel capacity is calculated based on the precoding matrix. Alternatively, a precoding matrix may be directly traversed. After a precoding matrix allowing a maximum channel capacity is selected, a precoding matrix indicator is obtained based on a correspondence between a precoding matrix and a precoding matrix indicator. The precoding matrix indicator is sent to the base station.
The method according to this embodiment of the present invention is described in detail in the foregoing with reference to
The precoding matrix W corresponds to a first precoding matrix indicator, a second precoding matrix indicator, and a third precoding matrix indicator, the first precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the first precoding matrix W_{1}, the second precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the second precoding matrix W_{2}, and the third precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the third precoding matrix W_{3}.
The terminal device 600 includes a sending unit 602 which is configured to send the rank indication, the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator.
The terminal device further includes a receiving unit 603, configured to receive a configuration parameter sent by a base station.
For further descriptions of the rank indication, the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, the third precoding matrix indicator, and the precoding matrix W, refer to descriptions in the method embodiment of the present invention. For specific implementation of the processing unit of the terminal device, refer to specific implementation of the terminal device in the foregoing method embodiment.
Therefore, based on the terminal device sending the precoding matrix indicator in this embodiment of the present invention, a quantity of bits for feeding back the precoding matrix indicator is reduced while a system performance requirement is satisfied.
The base station 700 includes a receiving unit 701. The receiving unit 701 is configured to receive a rank indication, a first precoding matrix indicator, a second precoding matrix indicator, and a third precoding matrix indicator that are sent by a terminal device.
The base station 700 includes a processing unit 702 which is configured to determine, in a precoding matrix set corresponding to the rank indication, a precoding matrix W based on the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, and the third precoding matrix indicator.
W satisfies W=W_{1}×W_{2}×W_{3}, W is a matrix of N_{t }rows and R columns, N_{t }is a quantity of antenna ports, R is a rank value corresponding to the rank indication, N_{t }is greater than or equal to R, W_{1 }is a matrix of N_{t }rows and 2M columns, W_{2 }is a matrix of 2M rows and 2K columns, W_{3 }is a matrix of 2K rows and R columns, K is less than M, N_{t}, R, M, and K are all positive integers, M is greater than or equal to 2, N_{t }is an even number, none of W_{1}, W_{2}, and W_{3 }is an identity matrix, and the 2M columns in W_{1 }include every column in W_{1}×W_{2}.
The first precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the first precoding matrix W_{1}, the second precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the second precoding matrix W_{2}, and the third precoding matrix indicator corresponds to the third precoding matrix W_{3}.
The base station further includes a sending unit 703, configured to send a configuration parameter.
For further descriptions of the rank indication, the first precoding matrix indicator, the second precoding matrix indicator, the third precoding matrix indicator, and the precoding matrix W, refer to descriptions in the method embodiment of the present invention. For specific implementation of the processing unit of the base station, refer to specific implementation of the base station in the foregoing method embodiment.
Therefore, based on the base station receiving the precoding matrix indicator in this embodiment of the present invention, a quantity of bits of the received precoding matrix indicator is reduced while a system performance requirement is satisfied.
The processing unit may be a processor, the receiving unit may be a receiver, and sending unit may be a transmitter. A terminal device including a processor 801, a transmitter 802, and a receiver 803 is shown in
It should be understood that in the embodiments of the present invention, the processor 801/901 may be a central processing unit (Central Processing Unit, “CPU” for short), or the processor 801/901 may be another general purpose processor, a digital signal processor (DSP), an applicationspecific integrated circuit (ASIC), a field programmable gate array (FPGA) or another programmable logical device, a discrete gate or a transistor logical device, a discrete hardware component, or the like. The general purpose processor may be a microprocessor, or the processor may be any conventional processor or the like.
The objectives, technical solutions, and benefits of the present invention are further described in detail in the foregoing specific embodiments. It should be understood that the foregoing descriptions are merely specific embodiments of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.