SUBSET PARTIAL MATCH PRIZE CATEGORY

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Assignment
First Claim
1. A method comprising:
 providing a lottery game;
providing a full match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a full match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the full match;
providing a partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a partial match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the partial match that is less than the prize associated with the full match, the partial match having odds of occurring that are less than or equal to a probabilities threshold, the probabilities threshold being indicative of odds at which a lottery makes a profit;
providing a subset partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket that meets the following conditions wins a prize associated with a subset partial match that is less than the prize associated with the partial match;
(i) the set of player numbers is the subset partial match of the partial match with the set of drawn numbers, (ii) a predetermined criterion of the subset partial match is met, and (iii) the subset partial match, without the predetermined criterion being met, has odds of occurring that are greater than the probabilities threshold;
selecting the set of drawn numbers; and
providing a prize based on a type of match to a player having a winning lottery ticket.
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Abstract
A process is provided. The process provides a lottery game. Further, the process provides a full match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a full match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the full match. In addition, the process provides a partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a partial match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the partial match that is less than the prize associated with the full match. The process also provides a subset partial match prize category in the lottery game.
17 Citations
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77 Claims
 1. A method comprising:
providing a lottery game; providing a full match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a full match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the full match; providing a partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a partial match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the partial match that is less than the prize associated with the full match, the partial match having odds of occurring that are less than or equal to a probabilities threshold, the probabilities threshold being indicative of odds at which a lottery makes a profit; providing a subset partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket that meets the following conditions wins a prize associated with a subset partial match that is less than the prize associated with the partial match;
(i) the set of player numbers is the subset partial match of the partial match with the set of drawn numbers, (ii) a predetermined criterion of the subset partial match is met, and (iii) the subset partial match, without the predetermined criterion being met, has odds of occurring that are greater than the probabilities threshold;selecting the set of drawn numbers; and providing a prize based on a type of match to a player having a winning lottery ticket.  View Dependent Claims (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17)
 18. A method comprising:
providing a lottery game; providing a full match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a full match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the full match; providing a partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a partial match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the partial match that is less than the prize associated with the full match; providing a subset partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket that meets the following conditions wins a prize associated with a subset partial match that is less than the prize associated with the partial match;
(i) the set of player numbers is the subset partial match of the partial match with the set of drawn numbers and (ii) a predetermined criterion of the subset partial match is met;selecting the set of drawn numbers; and providing a prize based on a type of match to a player having a winning lottery ticket.  View Dependent Claims (19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32)
 33. A method comprising:
providing a lottery game; providing a full match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a full match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the full match; providing a partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a partial match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the partial match that is less than the prize associated with the full match, the partial match being without any predetermined criteria; providing a subset partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket that meets the following conditions wins a prize associated with a subset partial match that is less than the prize associated with the partial match;
(i) the set of player numbers is the subset partial match of the partial match with the set of drawn numbers and (ii) a predetermined criterion of the subset partial match is met;selecting the set of drawn numbers; and providing a prize based on a type of match to a player having a winning lottery ticket.  View Dependent Claims (34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47)
 48. A lottery ticket dispensing apparatus comprising:
a payment module that receives payment for purchase of a lottery ticket that provides participation in a lottery game, the lottery game providing a full match prize category such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a full match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the full match, a partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a partial match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the partial match that is less than the prize associated with the full match, and a subset partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket that meets the following conditions wins a prize associated with a subset partial match that is less than the prize associated with the partial match;
(i) the set of player numbers is the subset partial match of the partial match with the set of drawn numbers and (ii) a predetermined criterion of the subset partial match is met; anda ticket printer that prints a lottery ticket for the lottery game.  View Dependent Claims (49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62)
 63. An electronic lottery game apparatus comprising:
a display module that indicates prize categories for an electronic lottery game, the electronic lottery game providing a full match prize category such that a lottery player having an electronic lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a full match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the full match, a partial match prize category in the electronic lottery game such that a lottery player having an electronic lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a partial match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the partial match that is less than the prize associated with the full match, and a subset partial match prize category in the electronic lottery game such that a lottery player having an electronic lottery ticket that meets the following conditions wins a prize associated with a subset partial match that is less than the prize associated with the partial match;
(i) the set of player numbers is the subset partial match of the partial match with the set of drawn numbers and (ii) a predetermined criterion of the subset partial match is met;a payment module that receives payment from a lottery player for the electronic lottery ticket; and a processor that compares the set of player numbers to the set of drawn numbers to determine a potential match and a potential match type.  View Dependent Claims (64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77)
1 Specification
1. Field
This disclosure generally relates to the field of gaming. More particularly, the disclosure relates to lotteries.
2. General Background
A lottery is generally a distribution of tokens such that a portion of the distributed tokens may win a prize. The token can be in the form of a ticket. One of the most popular forms of lottery involves the distribution of lottery tickets. Each lottery ticket includes a plurality of lottery numbers. The plurality of lottery numbers may be selected according to various methods based on the particular lottery configuration that is utilized. For example, the plurality of lottery numbers may be selected by the player, a random number generator, etc. After the lottery tickets have been distributed to the lottery ticket holders, a set of winning lottery numbers is selected. The usual method of selecting the set of winning lottery numbers involves a drawing. The drawing may be a random selection of the set of winning lottery numbers. A random number generator can be utilized to randomly select the set of winning lottery numbers.
Many lottery configurations currently provide prizes for a full match or a partial match of the set of winning lottery numbers. For example, the set of winning lottery numbers may have six numbers. A comparison between the set of winning lottery numbers and the numbers appearing on the player'"'"'s lottery ticket is performed. If all six numbers in the set of winning lottery numbers also appear on the player'"'"'s lottery ticket, the player wins a prize associated with having a full match. If only some of the six numbers in the set of winning lottery numbers appear on the player'"'"'s lottery ticket, then the player may or may not win a lesser prize that is associated with a partial match. For example, the player may win a prize associated with matching five out of six numbers, a prize associated with matching four out of six numbers, or a prize for matching three out of six numbers. However, in this example, the player may not win a prize for a partial match of anything less than three out of six numbers. A lottery generally will not provide a prize for certain partial matches where the odds are so high that the lottery would not be able to afford to provide such a prize. For example, a relatively small prize can be associated with a two of six match, but the odds of the two of six match would be so high that a large number of players would win the prize. The lottery would unlikely be able to afford to provide such a prize, even though that prize would be relatively small, because of the large number of potential winners. As a result, lotteries have become limited in the prize distributions that can be provided for certain partial matches.
In one aspect of the disclosure, a process is provided. The process provides a lottery game. Further, the process provides a full match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a full match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the full match. In addition, the process provides a partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a partial match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the partial match that is less than the prize associated with the full match. The partial match has odds of occurring that are less than or equal to a probabilities threshold, the probabilities threshold being indicative of odds at which a lottery makes a profit. In addition, the process provides a subset partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket that meets the following conditions wins a prize associated with a subset partial match that is less than the prize associated with the partial match: (i) the set of player numbers is the subset partial match of the partial match with the set of drawn numbers, (ii) a predetermined criterion of the subset partial match is met, and (iii) the subset partial match, without the predetermined criterion being met, has odds of occurring that are greater than the probabilities threshold. The process also selects the set of drawn numbers. Finally, the process provides a prize based on a type of match to a player having a winning lottery ticket.
In another aspect, a process is provided. The process provides a lottery game. Further, the process provides a full match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a full match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the full match. In addition, the process provides a partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a partial match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the partial match that is less than the prize associated with the full match. The process also provides a subset partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket that meets the following conditions wins a prize associated with a subset partial match that is less than the prize associated with the partial match: (i) the set of player numbers is the subset partial match of the partial match with the set of drawn numbers and (ii) a predetermined criterion of the subset partial match is met. Further, the process selects the set of drawn numbers. Finally, the process provides a prize based on a type of match to a player having a winning lottery ticket.
In yet another aspect, a process is provided. The process provides a lottery game. Further, the process provides a full match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a full match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the full match. In addition, the process provides a partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a partial match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the partial match that is less than the prize associated with the full match. The partial match is without any predetermined criteria. The process also provides a subset partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket that meets the following conditions wins a prize associated with a subset partial match that is less than the prize associated with the partial match: (i) the set of player numbers is the subset partial match of the partial match with the set of drawn numbers and (ii) a predetermined criterion of the subset partial match is met. Further, the process selects the set of drawn numbers. Finally, the process provides a prize based on a type of match to a player having a winning lottery ticket.
In another aspect, a lottery ticket dispensing apparatus is provided. The lottery ticket dispensing apparatus includes a payment module that receives payment for purchase of a lottery ticket that provides participation in a lottery game. The lottery game provides a full match prize category such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a full match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the full match. Further, the lottery game provides a partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a partial match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the partial match that is less than the prize associated with the full match. Finally, the lottery game provides a subset partial match prize category in the lottery game such that a lottery player having a lottery ticket that meets the following conditions wins a prize associated with a subset partial match that is less than the prize associated with the partial match: (i) the set of player numbers is the subset partial match of the partial match with the set of drawn numbers and (ii) a predetermined criterion of the subset partial match is met. The lottery ticket dispensing apparatus also includes a ticket printer that prints a lottery ticket for the lottery game.
In yet another aspect, an electronic lottery game apparatus is provided. The electronic lottery game apparatus includes a display module that indicates prize categories for an electronic lottery game. The electronic lottery game provides a full match prize category such that a lottery player having an electronic lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a full match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the full match. Further, the electronic lottery game provides a partial match prize category in the electronic lottery game such that a lottery player having an electronic lottery ticket with a set of player numbers that is a partial match with a set of drawn numbers wins a prize associated with the partial match that is less than the prize associated with the full match. In addition, the electronic lottery game provides a subset partial match prize category in the electronic lottery game such that a lottery player having an electronic lottery ticket that meets the following conditions wins a prize associated with a subset partial match that is less than the prize associated with the partial match: (i) the set of player numbers is the subset partial match of the partial match with the set of drawn numbers and (ii) a predetermined criterion of the subset partial match is met. The electronic lottery game apparatus also includes a payment module that receives payment from a lottery player for the electronic lottery ticket. Finally, the electronic lottery game apparatus includes a processor that compares the set of player numbers to the set of drawn numbers to determine a potential match and a potential match type.
The abovementioned features of the present disclosure will become more apparent with reference to the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein like reference numerals denote like elements and in which:
A method and apparatus provides a subset match prize category. In one embodiment, a lowest prize category for a partial match is offered by a lottery. The odds of a player winning that prize category are greater than or equal to a probabilities threshold. An example of a probabilities threshold is one in ten. In one embodiment, the probabilities threshold is a threshold at which a lottery is able to make a profit. In other words, a lottery may still be able to make a profit for a prize category having odds of one in eleven, but not a prize category having odds of one in ten or higher odds such as one in nine. Accordingly, an example of the lowest prize category may be a prize category for a partial match of three of six having odds of one in eleven. An additional prize category is established for a subset partial match which has less numbers than the partial match associated with the lowest prize category offered by the lottery. The subset partial match has odds that are higher than the probabilities threshold. Further, the subset partial match has to meet a predetermined criterion in order for the player to win the prize associated with the subset partial match. An example of the predetermined criterion may be that the numbers which are partially matched are also the highest numbers from the all of the numbers drawn from the set of winning lottery numbers. Another example of the predetermined criterion may be that the numbers which are partially matched are also the lowest numbers from the all of the numbers drawn from the set of winning lottery numbers. Yet another example of the predetermined criterion may be that the numbers which are partially matched are either (1) the highest or (2) the lowest numbers from the all of the numbers drawn from the set of winning lottery numbers. Another example of the predetermined criterion may be that the numbers which are partially matched include the highest number and the lowest number from the all of the numbers drawn from the set of winning lottery numbers. The term subset match is intended to be a match that includes only a lesser number of matches than a partial match, not all of the numbers of a partial match.
In another embodiment, the predetermined criterion may also be directed to a range of numbers established prior to and independently from the set of numbers that is actually drawn. For example, the predetermined criterion may be established prior to the drawing of the set of numbers such that the subset match has to include two numbers that are less than the number eleven or two numbers that are greater than the number forty three. Another example of a predetermined criterion for a range is that the two numbers have to be between the number twenty and the number forty. These ranges are provided herein merely as examples as a variety of ranges may be utilized.
In yet another embodiment, the predetermined criterion may also be directed to a mathematical operation established prior to and independently from the set of numbers that is actually drawn. For example, the predetermined criterion may be that the sum of the two numbers has to be greater than or equal to a specified number, e.g., the number seventy seven. This example is provided herein merely for illustrative purposes as a variety of comparators, e.g., <, <=, =, >, >=, a variety of mathematical operations, e.g., multiplication, division, and/or subtraction, and different numbers may be utilized.
The examples of the predetermined criteria provided herein are not intended to be exhaustive as various predetermined criteria may be utilized. However, the term predetermined criterion is not intended to include an additional wager. By having a predetermined criterion for a subset match, a lottery operator can economically provide a lower tier prize category.
The match payout structure 104 may include a prize for a full match and various prizes for partial matches. For example, the match payout structure 104 may indicate that a player having a set of player numbers with the exact same six numbers that are drawn by the lottery wins the full match prize of one million dollars. Further, if the player has a set of player numbers with less than the full match, such as five out of six numbers, the player may win a partial match prize of ten thousand dollars. In addition, the player may win other partial match prizes depending on the type of partial match such as one hundred dollars for a match of four out of six, or ten dollars for a match of three out of six. However, the match payout structure 104 does not provide a prize for any match that is less than three out of six because the odds for a two of six match or a one of six match are larger than a probabilities threshold at which the lottery can no longer make a profit. An example of such a probabilities threshold is a one out of ten probability of a player winning a prize.
Further, an overall probability may be determined. For example, the overall odds of winning some type of prize may be one out of twenty.
These match configurations and probabilities are provided only as examples as various other match configurations and probabilities may be utilized. For example, one game may have thirty numbers drawn where as another game may have thirty six numbers drawn. The probability of obtaining a six of six match may be greater in the game with thirty numbers than the game with thirty six numbers. In addition, a game may have a different size set of payer numbers, e.g., seven numbers. Accordingly, a full match could be seven of seven and six numbers would only be a partial match of six of seven.
In one embodiment, the lottery ticket 300 has to meet one of a set of predetermined criteria in addition to having the subset partial match. For example, the set of predetermined criteria may be the two highest numbers drawn or the two lowest numbers drawn. A player could then win the prize corresponding to the two of six match by either having two of six that are the two highest numbers drawn or two of six that are the two lowest numbers drawn. In one embodiment, the player may utilize only one of the predetermined criteria for prize redemption. For example, a player having two of six that are the two highest numbers drawn and an additional two of six that are the two lowest numbers drawn has to select either the two highest numbers or the two lowest numbers for prize redemption. However, in this example, the player may potentially win four of six for the higher prize corresponding the four of six match.
A variety of prizes may be utilized for the subset match prize. For example, the subset match prize may be the same as the price of the ticket. If the price of the ticket is one dollar, and the player wins the subset match prize, the player basically redeems the price of the lottery ticket and may or may not choose to utilize that prize to play another drawing of the lottery game. Alternatively, the subset match prize may be a voucher to play another drawing of the lottery game. In yet another alternative, the subset match prize may be a prize that is higher than the price of the lottery ticket such as, for example, two dollars.
The prize payout table 304 maybe provided on the lottery ticket 300. Alternatively, the match payout table 304 may not be provided on the lottery ticket 300, but may be provided on a separate paper, a display at a POS location, advertisement, etc.
In an alternative embodiment, the subset partial match is a partial match that is a subset of the smallest partial match for which a lottery offers a prize irrespective of any probabilities threshold. The subset partial match has a predetermined criterion, but the partial match does not have any predetermined criteria. Accordingly, the lottery operator is then able to provide a lower prize category than would normally be offered, which can help increase interest in the lottery game.
In one embodiment, the probability of the subset match prize with the predetermined criterion is greater than the probability of the partial match prize from which the subset match prize is a subset. Further, the subset match prize with the predetermined criterion is less than partial match prize from which the subset match prize is a subset. Alternatively, the subset match prize with the predetermined criterion is greater than the partial match prize from which the subset match prize is a subset. In yet another alternative, the subset match prize with the predetermined criterion is equal to the partial match prize from which the subset match prize is a subset.
In another embodiment, the probability of the subset match prize with the predetermined criterion is less than the probability of the partial match prize from which the subset match prize is a subset. Further, the subset match prize with the predetermined criterion is less than partial match prize from which the subset match prize is a subset. Alternatively, the subset match prize with the predetermined criterion is greater than the partial match prize from which the subset match prize is a subset. In yet another alternative, the subset match prize with the predetermined criterion is equal to the partial match prize from which the subset match prize is a subset.
In one embodiment, the addition of the prize tier with the predetermined criterion increases the overall probability of winning some type of prize. For example, the overall probability of winning some type of prize may be increased from one of twenty to one of eighteen. In one embodiment, this increase of overall odds may occur irrespective of whether if the probability of winning the subset match prize is lower or greater than the probability of winning the partial match prize of which the subset match prize is a subset. For example, if the probability of winning a partial match prize of three of six is one in twenty five, the overall probability of winning some type of prize may be increased whether the probability of winning the subset match prize with the predetermined criterion is one of fifteen or one of thirty. In one embodiment, this increase of overall odds may occur irrespective of whether if the probability of winning the subset match prize is lower or greater than the probabilities threshold.
The change in probabilities described herein that results from the addition of the predetermined criterion is provided merely as an example. The efficacy of adding the predetermined criterion or set of predetermined criteria is determined based on whether such an addition changes the odds of a partial match from what would normally be greater than the probabilities threshold to less than or equal to the probabilities threshold.
In one embodiment, the probabilities threshold is not utilized. Irrespective of the odds associated with any of the prize categories, a subset partial match configuration may be utilized. For example, a prize may be provided for a full match, a prize may be provided for a partial match, and a prize may be provided for a subset partial match. Further, the partial match may have no predetermined criteria associated with it, but the subset partial match has an associated predetermined criterion. For instance, the partial match of three of six may be sufficient to win the partial match prize, but a partial match of two of six is sufficient to win a corresponding subset partial match prize only if a predetermined criterion such as two highest drawn is met.
Further, in one embodiment, the subset partial match has one less matched number than the partial match. For example, the subset partial match may be two of six, which is less than three of six. In another embodiment, the subset partial match has one less matched number than the lowest partial match, which is generally offered by a lottery. For example, the subset partial match of two of six is a subset partial match of three of six, which may the lowest partial match offered by a lottery.
In one embodiment, the lottery ticket dispensing apparatus 600 has a ticket printer that prints the lottery ticket 604 for the lottery game. Further, the lottery ticket dispensing apparatus 600 may have an input device 606 so that a lottery vendor may input data such as player numbers, price selection, or the like. In addition, the lottery ticket dispensing apparatus 600 may have a display 608 on which the lottery vendor may view data pertinent to a sales transaction for the lottery ticket 600.
Further, the electronic lottery game apparatus may have a plurality of input devices 708, e.g., buttons, that may be utilized by the player to interact with the electronic lottery game apparatus 700. Some or all of the plurality of buttons 708 may instead be utilized as touch screen buttons on the display 702.
In one embodiment, the electronic lottery game is played over the Internet. Accordingly, a player may utilize his or her own computer to communicate with a server that determines the set of drawn numbers and performs the comparison between the set of drawn numbers and the player'"'"'s numbers. In one embodiment, the player may provide a selection of player numbers to the server. In another embodiment, the server randomly determines the set of player numbers for the player.
Further, in one embodiment, a single wager may be utilized for any of the configurations provided herein. In other words, a player has the ability to purchase a lottery ticket with the possibility of winning the subset match prize with the predetermined criterion for a single lottery ticket price. In another embodiment, a player has to provide an additional wager to have the possibility of winning the subset match prize with the predetermined criterion. In other words, the players that obtain the subset match with the predetermined criterion and paid an additional wager may win the prize corresponding to the subset match with the predetermined criterion, but the players that obtain the subset match with the predetermined criterion without having paid the additional wager will not win the prize corresponding to the subset match with the predetermined criterion. The full match and partial match prizes may be won irrespective of whether an additional wager has been provided by the player.
In an alternative embodiment, the predetermined criterion may be applicable to any of the prize categories. For example, if a player matches a full match of six of six numbers and the sum of all six numbers are over the number two hundred ten or under the number ninety, the player may win an enhanced prize that equals double the jackpot value. Further, the player may also win an enhanced prize that equals double a partial prize value if the player has a partial match and meets the predetermined criterion for the partial match, e.g., five of six with the predetermined criterion that the sum of all five numbers is over the number one hundred seventy or under the number eighty.
In any of the configurations provided herein, the payout for the full match prize, partial match prize, and/or subset partial match prize may be guaranteed by a third party entity. As a result, a lottery provider may be able to provide a larger lottery prize than might otherwise be the case. Further, any of the configurations provided herein may be utilized as a part of a stand alone lottery game, an addon lottery game, or both.
The process 500 shown in
A computer is herein intended to include any device that has a general, multipurpose, or single purpose processor as described above. For example, a computer may be a set top box (“STB”), cell phone, portable media player, or the like.
It is understood that the processes and systems described herein may also be applied in other types of processes and systems. Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the various adaptations and modifications of the embodiments of the processes and systems described herein may be configured without departing from the scope and spirit of the present processes and systems. Therefore, it is to be understood that, within the scope of the appended claims, the present processes and systems may be practiced other than as specifically described herein.