CONTROLLED METHOD FOR APPLYING COATING MATERIALS TO COMPLEX HEAT TRANSFER SURFACES
1. A method for applying a multifunctional coating to a metal surface, the method comprising:
- cleaning the metal surface;
applying a layer of corrosion-resistant alloy coating to the metal surface by at least one of electroless plating, brush plating, and electroplating;
modifying and functionalizing the layer of corrosion-resistant alloy coating by chemical and/or electrochemical etching and attachment of hydroxyl, epoxy, acrylic, or amines functional groups, prior to application of an oleo-hydrophobic composite coating; and
applying the oleo-hydrophobic composite coating over the corrosion-resistant alloy coating.
A multifunctional coating method involves cleaning a surface, applying a layer of corrosion-resistant alloy coating to the surface, and applying an oleo-hydrophobic composite coating over the corrosion-resistant alloy coating. An oil and gas pipe has an inner surface with a multifunctional coating applied using the multifunctional coating method, and has an inner oleo-hydrophobic composite coating, beneath the inner oleo-hydrophobic composite coating a corrosion-resistant alloy coating, and beneath the corrosion-resistant alloy coating untreated pipe or any other metallic substrate.
- 1. A method for applying a multifunctional coating to a metal surface, the method comprising:
cleaning the metal surface; applying a layer of corrosion-resistant alloy coating to the metal surface by at least one of electroless plating, brush plating, and electroplating; modifying and functionalizing the layer of corrosion-resistant alloy coating by chemical and/or electrochemical etching and attachment of hydroxyl, epoxy, acrylic, or amines functional groups, prior to application of an oleo-hydrophobic composite coating; and applying the oleo-hydrophobic composite coating over the corrosion-resistant alloy coating.
- View Dependent Claims (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11)
- 12. An applicator for applying a multifunctional coating to a metal surface, wherein the applicator applies the multifunctional coating according to a method comprising:
cleaning the metal surface; applying the oleo-hydrophobic composite coating over the corrosion-resistant alloy coating; wherein the applicator contains the oleo-hydrophobic composite coating.
- View Dependent Claims (13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23)
This application is a continuation-in-part of U.S. application Ser. No. 14/957,512, filed Dec. 2, 2015, which claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 62/086,188, filed Dec. 2, 2014. Both above applications are hereby incorporated by reference in their respective entireties.
The application relates generally to surface treatments and coatings to prevent scale build up and H2S and CO2-induced corrosion and provide sweet gas and sour gas resistance and water/oil repellency.
There are not many commercial coatings available for corrosion resistance at high pressure and high temperature with multiphase flow in the presence of sweet and sour gas. Sour gas is any gas, but often natural gas, containing significant amounts of H2S. Thus, such conditions are commonly encountered in oil and gas drilling and exploration operations. Deep sea and land oil and gas drilling typically involve pipeline temperatures of 200-250° C. and pressures above 100 psi and up to 20000 psi.
Corrosion resistant alloy coatings are difficult to apply on the interior of pipelines and in inaccessible areas and the process is not scalable. Existing corrosion resistant coating technology lacks H2S and CO2 corrosion resistance. Most of the commercial solutions are based on a polymer or composite coating to prevent corrosion and H2S/CO2 attack but they provide minimal protection once the coating is damaged. The use of polymer-based coatings only provides a temporary resistance to these gases which is not maintained at high pressure and temperature.
Needs exist for improved corrosion-resistant surface treatments and coatings for use in the presence of sweet and sour gas and at high temperatures and pressures.
It is to be understood that both the following summary and the detailed description are exemplary and explanatory and are intended to provide further explanation of the invention as claimed. Neither the summary nor the description that follows is intended to define or limit the scope of the invention to the particular features mentioned in the summary or in the description. In certain embodiments, the disclosed embodiments may include one or more of the features described herein.
A novel corrosion resistant coating can sustain corrosion-resistance in high temperature, high pressure, corrosive, sweet or sour gas environments. The high-water repellency also assists in improving scale resistance and other beneficial results. This coating may include a base metallic corrosion resistant layer containing nickel, chromium, cobalt and/or any other corrosion resistant alloys and a top layer of polymer composite coating capable of providing a low surface energy to reduce drag in multiphase flow regimes. The coating is useful for oil and gas drilling and exploration, as well as for marine, aviation, automobile, electronics, domestic, construction, and transportation applications, etc. Benefits of the new coating include durable corrosion resistance for metal surfaces, easy application on intricate components and hard-to-reach areas, especially in pipeline, pump, and valve interiors, improved H2S and CO2 resistance, and durable performance at high pressure and high temperature.
In order to improve the protection of metal surfaces, a new multifunctional coating is used. The coating involves a thin layer of corrosion resistant alloy coating applied to the surface using, for example, electroless, brush plating or electroplating approaches, followed by application of a composite coating of nanoparticle-embedded perfluorinated polymer that is resistant to water/oil and impermeable/inert to sweet and sour gases. One good method of applying the corrosion resistant alloy coating is described in U.S. Ser. No. 13/740,914 to the same assignee, filed Jan. 14, 2012, which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety. The top coating is omniphobic and may consist of fluorinated nanoparticles (such as fluorinated silica nanoparticles) in a known commercial polymer. Functional groups (such as hydroxyl, epoxy, acrylic, amines etc) may be applied to the corrosion-resistant alloy before application of the top coating to improve durability.
Each layer has its own function—the inner, first alloy coating prevents sour gas attack, while the top composite layer functions as an oil and water repellant. The top layer can break down at high temperatures and pressures, leaving the surface below it exposed to the environment, including oil, water, and/or gas. Steel, commonly used for oil and gas pipelines and other applications, is extremely prone to sour gas corrosion, and if exposed directly experiences immediate corrosion. However, the corrosion resistant alloy coating beneath the composite layer prevents this from occurring. The multifunctional coating provides simple, scalable dual layer surface protection of H2S resistance and water and oil repellency.
In some alternative embodiments and certain applications, the corrosion resistant alloy layer may be used alone with sufficient strength to provide substantial corrosion protection.
A new multifunctional coating method includes the steps of cleaning a surface, applying a layer of corrosion-resistant alloy coating to the surface, and applying an oleo-hydrophobic composite coating over the corrosion-resistant alloy coating. The method may also include modifying and functionalizing the layer of corrosion-resistant alloy coating by chemical and/or electrochemical etching and attachment of functional groups, prior to application of the oleo-hydrophobic composite coating. The surface cleaning may include shot blasting and/or acid/base washing. The corrosion-resistant alloy may be applied by at least one of electroless plating, brush plating, and electroplating. The oleo-hydrpohobic composite coating may include corrosion-resistant nanoparticles embedded in perfluorinated polymer.
A new or existing oil and gas pipe has an inner surface with a multifunctional coating applied to the inside surface, which includes an inner oleo-hydrophobic composite coating, beneath the inner oleo-hydrophobic composite coating a corrosion-resistant alloy coating, and beneath the corrosion-resistant alloy coating untreated pipe material.
Multifunctional corrosion resistant coatings can also be applied to metallic surfaces (e.g. aluminum, copper, and/or chromium-based alloys) other than steel or stainless steel alloys.
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated herein and form a part of the specification, illustrate exemplary embodiments and, together with the description, further serve to enable a person skilled in the pertinent art to make and use these embodiments and others that will be apparent to those skilled in the art.
A composition and method for preparing corrosion resistant multifunctional coatings on ferrous and non-ferrous alloys for high pressure/high temperature applications will now be disclosed in terms of various exemplary embodiments. This specification discloses one or more embodiments that incorporate features of the invention. The embodiment(s) described, and references in the specification to “one embodiment”, “an embodiment”, “an example embodiment”, etc., indicate that the embodiment(s) described may include a particular feature, structure, or characteristic. Such phrases are not necessarily referring to the same embodiment. When a particular feature, structure, or characteristic is described in connection with an embodiment, persons skilled in the art may effect such feature, structure, or characteristic in connection with other embodiments whether or not explicitly described.
In the several figures, like reference numerals may be used for like elements having like functions even in different drawings. The figures are not to scale. The embodiments described, and their detailed construction and elements, are merely provided to assist in a comprehensive understanding of the invention. Thus, it is apparent that the present invention can be carried out in a variety of ways, and does not require any of the specific features described herein. Also, well-known functions or constructions are not described in detail since they would obscure the invention with unnecessary detail. Any signal arrows in the drawings/figures should be considered only as exemplary, and not limiting, unless otherwise specifically noted.
It will be understood that, although the terms first, second, etc. may be used herein to describe various elements, these elements should not be limited by these terms. These terms are only used to distinguish one element from another. For example, a first element could be termed a second element, and, similarly, a second element could be termed a first element, without departing from the scope of example embodiments. As used herein, the term “and/or” includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items. As used herein, the singular forms “a”, “an” and “the” are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
It should also be noted that in some alternative implementations, the functions/acts noted may occur out of the order noted in the figures. For example, two figures shown in succession may in fact be executed substantially concurrently or may sometimes be executed in the reverse order, depending upon the functionality/acts involved.
It should be appreciated that the coatings described herein may be applied to various metal surfaces in industrial environments, including, but not limited to, geometrically complex surfaces located in inaccessible or hard-to-reach areas. Such surfaces include, purely as a non-limiting example, the interior and exterior surfaces of heat exchangers inside power plants. It should further be appreciated that one or more methods may be used to apply the coatings that embody the invention to a given surface, such as, for example, spraying, brushing, and the like.
These and other objectives and features of the invention are apparent in the disclosure, which includes the above and ongoing written specification.
The invention is not limited to the particular embodiments described above in detail. Those skilled in the art will recognize that other arrangements could be devised. The invention encompasses every possible combination of the various features of each embodiment disclosed.
One or more of the elements described herein with respect to various embodiments can be implemented in a more separated or integrated manner than explicitly described, or even removed or rendered as inoperable in certain cases, as is useful in accordance with a particular application. While the invention has been described with reference to specific illustrative embodiments, modifications and variations of the invention may be constructed without departing from the scope of the invention.