Performance Boosted Refrigeration Heating System
1. A heating system comprising:
- a condenser;
a compressor along a refrigerant line, the compressor configured to compress refrigerant flowing to the condenser;
a first valve along the refrigerant line between the compressor and the condenser; and
a controller configured to partially close the first valve when a measured temperature is below a threshold to increase discharge pressure of refrigerant compressed by the compressor and increase heat dissipation of the condenser.
A heating system including a condenser and an evaporator. A compressor is along a refrigerant line and is configured to compress refrigerant flowing to the condenser. A first valve is along the refrigerant line between the compressor and the condenser. A controller is configured to partially close the first valve when a measured temperature is below a threshold to increase discharge pressure of refrigerant compressed by the compressor and increase heat dissipation of the condenser.
- 1. A heating system comprising:
a condenser; an evaporator; a compressor along a refrigerant line, the compressor configured to compress refrigerant flowing to the condenser; a first valve along the refrigerant line between the compressor and the condenser; and a controller configured to partially close the first valve when a measured temperature is below a threshold to increase discharge pressure of refrigerant compressed by the compressor and increase heat dissipation of the condenser.
- View Dependent Claims (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14)
- 15. A heating system for a vehicle passenger cabin comprising:
a compressor; a cabin condenser in receipt of refrigerant compressed by the compressor; an outside condenser in receipt of refrigerant compressed by the compressor; a first valve between the compressor and the cabin condenser; a second valve between the compressor and the outside condenser; a cabin evaporator; a secondary evaporator; and
- View Dependent Claims (16, 17, 18, 19, 20)
This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 62/655,410 filed on Apr. 10, 2018, the entire disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference.
The present disclosure relates to a heating system for a vehicle.
This section provides background information related to the present disclosure, which is not necessarily prior art.
While current vehicle heating systems are suitable for their intended use, they are subject to improvement. For example, a heating system that provides increased heating performance in very cold weather conditions, without the need for additional components and cost, would be desirable. The present disclosure includes a heating system that provides these advantages, as well as numerous additional advantages and unexpected results as explained in detail herein and as one skilled in the art will recognize.
This section provides a general summary of the disclosure, and is not a comprehensive disclosure of its full scope or all of its features.
The present disclosure includes a heating system having a condenser and an evaporator. A compressor is along a refrigerant line, and is configured to compress refrigerant flowing to the condenser. A first valve is along the refrigerant line between the compressor and the condenser. A controller is configured to partially close the first valve when a measured temperature is below a threshold to increase discharge pressure of refrigerant compressed by the compressor and increase heat dissipation of the condenser.
Further areas of applicability will become apparent from the description provided herein. The description and specific examples in this summary are intended for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present disclosure.
The drawings described herein are for illustrative purposes only of select embodiments and not all possible implementations, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present disclosure.
Corresponding reference numerals indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views of the drawings.
Example embodiments will now be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings.
With initial reference to
The heating system 10 generally includes a compressor 12, which compresses refrigerant flowing through a refrigerant line 14. Along the refrigerant line 14 downstream of the compressor 12 is a compressor discharge pressure sensor 16, which senses the pressure of refrigerant discharged by the compressor 12. The compressor discharge pressure sensor 16 is along the refrigerant line 14 between the compressor 12 and a condenser 20. The refrigerant line 14 extends from the condenser 20 to an evaporating heat exchanger 30. The refrigerant line 14 extends from the evaporating heat exchanger 30 back to the compressor 12.
The condenser 20 may be any suitable condenser, such as an air to refrigerant heat exchanger, which releases heat from the refrigerant to the air of the surrounding environment, such as the passenger cabin of the vehicle, to heat the environment. The condenser 20 may in some applications be a water cooled condenser, which transfers heat from the refrigerant to a coolant, and then heat from the coolant is released to the passenger cabin through a heater core. The evaporating heat exchanger 30 absorbs heat, and thus can be configured to cool the passenger cabin, or cool any suitable electronics or battery. For example, the evaporating heat exchanger 30 may be configured to cool a battery configured to propel the vehicle (such as in the case of a hybrid electric vehicle or a battery electric vehicle (BEV)).
The heating system 10 further includes a first valve 42 arranged along the refrigerant line 14 between the compressor 12 and the condenser 20, such as between the sensor 16 and the condenser 20. A second valve 44 may also be included, such as between the condenser 20 and the evaporating heat exchanger 30. The first and second valves 42 and 44 may be any suitable valves configured to control flow of refrigerant through the refrigerant line 14, such as expansion valves.
The heating system 10 further includes a controller 50. In this application, the term “controller” may be replaced with the term “circuit.” The term “controller” may refer to, be part of, or include processor hardware (shared, dedicated, or group) that executes code and memory hardware (shared, dedicated, or group) that stores code executed by the processor hardware. The code is configured to provide the features of the controller 50 and systems described herein. The term memory hardware is a subset of the term computer-readable medium. The term computer-readable medium, as used herein, does not encompass transitory electrical or electromagnetic signals propagating through a medium (such as on a carrier wave); the term computer-readable medium is therefore considered tangible and non-transitory. Non-limiting examples of a non-transitory computer-readable medium are nonvolatile memory devices (such as a flash memory device, an erasable programmable read-only memory device, or a mask read-only memory device), volatile memory devices (such as a static random access memory device or a dynamic random access memory device), magnetic storage media (such as an analog or digital magnetic tape or a hard disk drive), and optical storage media (such as a CD, a DVD, or a Blu-ray Disc).
The controller 50 is connected to any suitable temperature sensor 52 to receive inputs regarding the temperature of the vehicle passenger cabin, or other area to be heated by the heating system 10. When the controller 50 receives an input from the temperature sensor 52 indicating that the temperature of the area to be heated is below a set temperature threshold (such as a passenger set temperature threshold) and the compressor 12 is already at maximum speed or a predetermined high speed, the controller 50 operates the first valve 42 to partially close the first valve 42, thereby restricting flow of refrigerant through the refrigerant line 14 to the condenser 20. Restricting refrigerant flow from the compressor 12 to the condenser 20 forces the compressor 12 to work harder, which increases the compressor discharge pressure. For example, the controller 50 may be configured to close the first valve 42 until the compressor discharge pressure as measured by the sensor 16 increases to a relatively high pressure, such as 2.2 MPa gauge for example. Once the passenger cabin has been warmed above a passenger set temperature (e.g., 50° C.), the controller 50 is configured to reopen the first valve 42, which will reduce the power consumption of the compressor 12 to its standard operation consumption. Thus the compressor discharge pressure of the refrigerant is inversely proportional to the degree to which the first valve 42 is open/closed by the controller 50.
Partially closing the first valve 42 advantageously increases the heating performance of the condenser 20 by increasing the power consumption of the compressor 12, which results in the compressor 12 working harder to increase the compressor discharge pressure, which increases the heating performance of the condenser 20. The heating performance of the condenser 20 is increased by about 0.5 kW or 1 kW, which advantageously increases customer comfort without the need for additional costly components, such as an auxiliary heater, which itself may generate 1 kW.
Refrigerant lines 14 extending from the cabin condenser 20A and the outside condenser 20B connect to a receiver dryer 60. Downstream of the receiver dryer 60 between the receiver dryer 60 and the outside subcool heat exchanger 30A is a three-way valve 66. Refrigerant enters the three-way valve 66 from the receiver dryer 60, and the three-way valve 66 is configured to direct refrigerant flow to the outside subcool heat exchanger 30A and/or along a bypass around the outside subcool heat exchanger 30A.
The controller 50 is configured to control the first valve 42 in the same manner described above in conjunction with the description of the heating system 10 of
The foregoing description of the embodiments has been provided for purposes of illustration and description. It is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the disclosure. Individual elements or features of a particular embodiment are generally not limited to that particular embodiment, but, where applicable, are interchangeable and can be used in a selected embodiment, even if not specifically shown or described. The same may also be varied in many ways. Such variations are not to be regarded as a departure from the disclosure, and all such modifications are intended to be included within the scope of the disclosure.
Example embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough, and will fully convey the scope to those who are skilled in the art. Numerous specific details are set forth such as examples of specific components, devices, and methods, to provide a thorough understanding of embodiments of the present disclosure. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that specific details need not be employed, that example embodiments may be embodied in many different forms and that neither should be construed to limit the scope of the disclosure. In some example embodiments, well-known processes, well-known device structures, and well-known technologies are not described in detail.
The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular example embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting. As used herein, the singular forms “a,” “an,” and “the” may be intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. The terms “comprises,” “comprising,” “including,” and “having,” are inclusive and therefore specify the presence of stated features, integers, steps, operations, elements, and/or components, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, operations, elements, components, and/or groups thereof. The method steps, processes, and operations described herein are not to be construed as necessarily requiring their performance in the particular order discussed or illustrated, unless specifically identified as an order of performance. It is also to be understood that additional or alternative steps may be employed.
When an element or layer is referred to as being “on,” “engaged to,” “connected to,” or “coupled to” another element or layer, it may be directly on, engaged, connected or coupled to the other element or layer, or intervening elements or layers may be present. In contrast, when an element is referred to as being “directly on,” “directly engaged to,” “directly connected to,” or “directly coupled to” another element or layer, there may be no intervening elements or layers present. Other words used to describe the relationship between elements should be interpreted in a like fashion (e.g., “between” versus “directly between,” “adjacent” versus “directly adjacent,” etc.). As used herein, the term “and/or” includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
Although the terms first, second, third, etc. may be used herein to describe various elements, components, regions, layers and/or sections, these elements, components, regions, layers and/or sections should not be limited by these terms. These terms may be only used to distinguish one element, component, region, layer or section from another region, layer or section. Terms such as “first,” “second,” and other numerical terms when used herein do not imply a sequence or order unless clearly indicated by the context. Thus, a first element, component, region, layer or section discussed below could be termed a second element, component, region, layer or section without departing from the teachings of the example embodiments.
Spatially relative terms, such as “inner,” “outer,” “beneath,” “below,” “lower,” “above,” “upper,” and the like, may be used herein for ease of description to describe one element or feature'"'"'s relationship to another element(s) or feature(s) as illustrated in the figures. Spatially relative terms may be intended to encompass different orientations of the device in use or operation in addition to the orientation depicted in the figures. For example, if the device in the figures is turned over, elements described as “below” or “beneath” other elements or features would then be oriented “above” the other elements or features. Thus, the example term “below” can encompass both an orientation of above and below. The device may be otherwise oriented (rotated 90 degrees or at other orientations) and the spatially relative descriptors used herein interpreted accordingly.