Multi-Party Encryption Cube Processing Apparatuses, Methods and Systems
Computer-implemented systems and methods are disclosed herein for use within secure multi-party computation. A system and method are used for storing an operation preference and a cryptographic preference. A data set is stored based on the operation preference and the cryptographic preference. A determination is made that processing the query involves performing an allowable operation on the data set based on the operation preference.
- 1-21. -21. (canceled)
- 22. A method for use within secure multi-party computation, comprising:
analyzing, by the one or more data processors, a query from a requestor associated with a data set comprising data provided by one or more data owners; determining, by the one or more data processors, that processing the query involves performing an allowable operation on the data set based on an operation preference communicated by the one or more data owners; determining, by the one or more data processors, one or more data elements of the data set required to perform the allowable operation on the data set; selecting, by the one or more data processors, one or more encryption protocols based on a cryptographic preference specified by the one or more data owners for each of the one or more data elements of the data set; and using, by the one or more data processors, the one or more encryption protocols to perform the allowable operation on the data set, with a summarized version of a transactional data analysis provided to the requestor while keeping the data from the one or more data owners private from one another.
- View Dependent Claims (23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28)
- 29. A system for use within secure multi-party computation, comprising:
a memory; and one or more processors disposed in communication with the memory and configured to issue processing instructions stored in the memory to; analyze, by the one or more data processors, a query from a requestor associated with a data set comprising data provided by one or more data owners; determine, by the one or more data processors, that processing the query involves performing an allowable operation on the data set based on an operation preference communicated by the one or more data owners; select, by the one or more data processors, one or more encryption protocols based on the data set'"'"'s corresponding cryptographic preference and the query; and use, by the one or more data processors, the one or more encryption protocols to perform the allowable operation on the data set, with a summarized version of a transactional data analysis output encrypted according to the cryptographic preference corresponding to the data set provided to at least the requester while keeping the data from the one or more data owners private from one another.
- View Dependent Claims (30, 31, 32, 33, 34)
- 35. A method for use in database operations on data sets from multiple parties such that an individual data set is visible only to the party that provided the data set, the method comprising:
receiving a query associated with one or more data sets comprising data provided by one or more parties; analyzing an operation preference for the one or more data sets to determine that the query involves allowed database operations for elements of the data set involved in the query; responsive to determining that the query involves an allowable database operation, selecting one or more encryption protocols according to the operation preference for the elements of the data set involved in the query; and using the one or more encryption protocols to perform the allowable operation on the data set involved in the query, with a summarized version of a transactional data analysis provided to at least the requester while keeping data from individual parties that contributed to the data set private from one another.
- View Dependent Claims (36, 37, 38, 39, 40)
This application claims priority to U.S. patent application Ser. No. 62/115,178, filed Feb. 12, 2015 and entitled “Multi-Party Encryption Cube Processing Apparatuses, Methods and Systems.” The entire contents of the aforementioned application is expressly incorporated by reference herein.
This application for letters patent disclosure document describes inventive aspects directed at various novel innovations (hereinafter “disclosure”) and contains material that is subject to copyright, mask work, and/or other intellectual property protection. The respective owners of such intellectual property have no objection to the facsimile reproduction of the disclosure by anyone as it appears in published Patent Office file/records, but otherwise reserve all rights.
The present innovations are directed generally to multi-party encryption approaches and more particularly, to MULTI-PARTY ENCRYPTION CUBE PROCESSING APPARATUSES, METHODS AND SYSTEMS or MPEC.
Secure multi-party computation approaches help create methods for parties to jointly process their data while keeping their respective data private from one another. Stated differently, these approaches allow multiple parties to jointly compute value(s) based on individually held secret pieces of information without revealing their respective confidential information to one another in the process.
This is useful, for example, when users, such as companies and firms, need to communicate and exchange ideas but need to keep their underlying data secured. For example, merchant data owners may be interested in pooling data together to perform transactional data analysis. The merchant data owners, in this example, can view a summarized version of the transactional data (or another form of aggregated data) and not the underlying data.
While secure multi-party computation approaches help generate such summarized data without surfacing the underlying confidential data of each party to others, today'"'"'s approaches for securing the data exchange between parties, however, tend to be slow from a performance perspective.
The accompanying appendices and/or drawings illustrate various non-limiting, example, innovative aspects in accordance with the present descriptions:
The leading number of each reference number within the drawings indicates the figure in which that reference number is introduced and/or detailed. As such, a detailed discussion of reference number 101 would be found and/or introduced in
Computer-implemented systems and methods are disclosed herein, such as, for use within secure multi-party computations. For example, a system and method are disclosed for storing preferences. A data set is stored based on the preferences. A determination is made that processing the query involves performing an allowable operation on the data set based on the preferences.
As another example, a system and method are disclosed for storing, by one or more data processors, an operation preference and a cryptographic preference, which are both associated with a data set. The data set is stored based on the operation preference and the cryptographic preference. A query associated with at least the data set is analyzed. A determination is made that processing the query involves performing an allowable operation on the data set based on the operation preference. One or more cryptographic protocols are selected based on the first cryptographic preference. The one or more cryptographic protocols are used to perform the allowable operation on the data set.
Users 104 wishing to analyze the stored data can access data stored in the database(s) 102 through an MPEC 106. The MPEC 106 allows the analysis results to be “public” (e.g., surfaced to the requesting user), while the underlying data in the database(s) 102 remains confidential and secure even from other participating data owners.
The users 104 can interact directly or indirectly with the MPEC 106 through a number of ways, such as over one or more networks 108. Server(s) no accessible through the network(s) 108 can host the system 106. The database(s) 102 can store the data to be analyzed by the system 106 as well as any intermediate or final data generated by the system 106.
Additionally, each data owner may specify how its data is to be handled. A data owner can do this by specifying party preferences 202 (e.g., configurations) to the MPEC 106. Owner-specific preferences can include each owner-specific data set having a defined set of allowed operations (e.g., retrieving, joining, etc.). Another preference, for example, can specify that each data operation can use multiple cryptographic algorithms/protocols.
The preferences are used in processing query requests. For example, the MPEC 106 determines whether the query involves performing an allowable operation on the owners'"'"' data based on a pre-specified operation preference. A cryptographic preference selects which one or more cryptographic protocols are to be used in performing the allowable operation on the data set. The query results are sent to the requester but at a level that maintains the confidentiality of other users'"'"' data.
In the example, users provide at 300 preferences for use by the MPEC in performing its operations. The preferences include allowable operations and preferred encryption protocols. It should be understood that in other operational scenarios preferences may include only allowable operations or only preferred encryption protocols or combinations thereof.
At 302 and 304, sensitive information is received from multiple data owners. In this operational scenario, the sensitive information includes SKU (stock keeping unit) information associated with the merchant. SKU information can contain identification for distinct products and services that can be purchased in a merchant'"'"'s business. The sensitive information also includes in this example a payment processing company'"'"'s transactional data.
At 306, one of the data owners provides a query involving the sensitive information. At 308, the MPEC performs the allowable operation on the data sets provided by the first and second data users with encryption protocols in accordance with the specified preferences. The aggregated results are then provided to the first data owner.
For example, a merchant data owner can provide SKU data and another data owner can provide the transactional data. The MPEC can join the two pieces of data in an encrypted space and provide aggregated type information, such as what was the maximum amount line item-wise. A cube can be created that allows the information to be encrypted using the selected encryption protocols at different levels within the cube.
With the preferences, the MPEC employs dedicated encryption algorithms for a specific task. For example, computations across join-type data may be performed by a Homomorphic-like method or Yao'"'"'s algorithm. This allows parties to decide on the final protocol and provides greater security by creating a heterogeneous environment in deployment. More specifically, for a request the platform knows the configuration of each party and employs the proper protocol to extract the data.
The MPEC can further include functionality to operate as a routing tier 406. The routing tier 406 redirects the request/query 404 to those software and database components that should be involved in processing the request/query 404.
As an example of a two tier processing system,
More specifically, methods which require large in-memory usage for each data element can use distributed files system like Hadoop. Methods with smaller requirements can use in-memory databases. Based on volumes and types of queries, the MPEC can move data in and out of memory automatically to enhance performance. For certain protocols, data may be split and algorithms adapted to enhance performance on the fly. For example, if optimization is required the system can choose an action based on set actions for the involved algorithm. If the algorithm allows splitting functionality into sub cubes, the system will choose this action. If this is not available then more memory may be allocated.
The query analyzer in this example examines, the data usages, algorithm and query complexity to determine if a re-optimization should be performed. For example, this can include re-encrypting the space based upon usage history. Additionally, the entire cube may not need to be encrypted, only those parts which need to be secure in providing the results to the requestor.
It should be understood that other approaches can be used in addition to in-memory storage, such as a graph database which uses graph structures for semantic queries with nodes, edges, and properties to represent and store data. In this way, the MPEC allows complex data structures, like a graph to be expressed using multiple encryption techniques.
As a further illustration of the wide scope of the systems and methods disclosed herein, an MPEC can be configured with one or more of the approaches disclosed herein to provide a framework for a collection of dedicated encryption algorithms enabling a broad spectrum of use cases while providing optimal performance.
Each of the element managers, real-time data buffer, conveyors, file input processor, database index shared access memory loader, reference data buffer and data managers may include a software application stored in one or more of the disk drives connected to the disk controller, the ROM and/or the RAM. The processor may access one or more components as required.
A display interface may permit information from the bus to be displayed on a display in audio, graphic, or alphanumeric format. Communication with external devices may optionally occur using various communication ports.
In addition to these computer-type components, the hardware may also include data input devices, such as a keyboard, or other input device, such as a microphone, remote control, pointer, mouse and/or joystick.
Additionally, the methods and systems described herein may be implemented on many different types of processing devices by program code comprising program instructions that are executable by the device processing subsystem. The software program instructions may include source code, object code, machine code, or any other stored data that is operable to cause a processing system to perform the methods and operations described herein and may be provided in any suitable language such as C, C++, JAVA, for example, or any other suitable programming language. Other implementations may also be used, however, such as firmware or even appropriately designed hardware configured to carry out the methods and systems described herein.
The systems'"'"' and methods'"'"' data (e.g., associations, mappings, data input, data output, intermediate data results, final data results, etc.) may be stored and implemented in one or more different types of computer-implemented data stores, such as different types of storage devices and programming constructs (e.g., RAM, ROM, Flash memory, flat files, databases, programming data structures, programming variables, IF-THEN (or similar type) statement constructs, etc.). It is noted that data structures describe formats for use in organizing and storing data in databases, programs, memory, or other computer-readable media for use by a computer program.
The computer components, software modules, functions, data stores and data structures described herein may be connected directly or indirectly to each other in order to allow the flow of data needed for their operations. It is also noted that a module or processor includes but is not limited to a unit of code that performs a software operation, and can be implemented for example as a subroutine unit of code, or as a software function unit of code, or as an object (as in an object-oriented paradigm), or as an applet, or in a computer script language, or as another type of computer code. The software components and/or functionality may be located on a single computer or distributed across multiple computers depending upon the situation at hand.
While the disclosure has been described in detail and with reference to specific embodiments thereof, it will be apparent to one skilled in the art that various changes and modifications can be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the embodiments. Thus, it is intended that the present disclosure cover the modifications and variations of this disclosure.