FLEXIBLE SLOT FORMAT INDICATION (SFI) MONITORING FOR NEW RADIO UNLICENSED COMMUNICATIONS
1. An apparatus of a user equipment (UE), the apparatus comprising:
- processing circuitry, wherein to configure the UE for New Radio (NR) communications and to determine physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) assignment, the processing circuitry is to;
decode radio resource control (RRC) signaling including configuration information identifying a PDCCH search space set, the configuration information including a PDCCH monitoring periodicity, a PDCCH monitoring offset, and a PDCCH monitoring duration associated with the identified PDCCH search space set;
monitor slots of the PDCCH search space set for PDCCH candidates using the PDCCH monitoring periodicity, the PDCCH monitoring offset, and the PDCCH monitoring duration;
upon detecting the PDCCH candidates within the PDCCH search space set, decode uplink (UL) resource information within downlink control information (DCI) of the PDCCH candidates; and
encode data for transmission on a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) based on the UL resource information; and
memory coupled to the processing circuitry, the memory configured to store the configuration information.
User equipment (UE) includes processing circuitry, where to configure the UE for New Radio (NR) communications in an unlicensed spectrum, the processing circuitry is to decode radio resource control (RRC) signaling including configuration information identifying a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) search space set. The configuration information includes a PDCCH monitoring periodicity, a PDCCH monitoring offset, and a PDCCH monitoring duration associated with the PDCCH search space set. The PDCCH search space set is monitored for downlink control information (DCI) using the PDCCH monitoring periodicity, the PDCCH monitoring offset, and the PDCCH monitoring duration. Upon detecting the DCI within the monitored PDCCH search space set, a DCI format within the DCI is decoded.
- 1. An apparatus of a user equipment (UE), the apparatus comprising:
processing circuitry, wherein to configure the UE for New Radio (NR) communications and to determine physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) assignment, the processing circuitry is to; decode radio resource control (RRC) signaling including configuration information identifying a PDCCH search space set, the configuration information including a PDCCH monitoring periodicity, a PDCCH monitoring offset, and a PDCCH monitoring duration associated with the identified PDCCH search space set; monitor slots of the PDCCH search space set for PDCCH candidates using the PDCCH monitoring periodicity, the PDCCH monitoring offset, and the PDCCH monitoring duration; upon detecting the PDCCH candidates within the PDCCH search space set, decode uplink (UL) resource information within downlink control information (DCI) of the PDCCH candidates; and encode data for transmission on a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) based on the UL resource information; and memory coupled to the processing circuitry, the memory configured to store the configuration information.
- View Dependent Claims (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9)
- 10. An apparatus of a base station (BS), the apparatus comprising:
processing circuitry, wherein to configure a User Equipment (UE) for New Radio (NR) communications, the processing circuitry is to; encode radio resource control (RRC) signaling including configuration information identifying a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) search space set, the configuration information including a PDCCH monitoring periodicity, a PDCCH monitoring offset, and a PDCCH monitoring duration associated with the PDCCH search space set; encode downlink control information (DCI) with uplink (UL) resource information, the DCI for transmission to the UE using one or more PDCCH transmission occasions within the PDCCH search space set and based on the PDCCH monitoring periodicity, the PDCCH monitoring offset, and the PDCCH monitoring duration; decode UL data received from the UE via a resource of a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) and further based on the UL resource information; and
- View Dependent Claims (11, 12, 13, 14)
- 15. A non-transitory computer-readable storage medium that stores instructions for execution by one or more processors of a user equipment (UE) operating in a 5G network, the instructions to configure the one or more processors for New Radio (NR) communications and to cause the UE to:
decode radio resource control (RRC) signaling including configuration information identifying a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) search space set, the configuration information including a PDCCH monitoring periodicity, a PDCCH monitoring offset, and a PDCCH monitoring duration associated with the identified PDCCH search space set; encode data for transmission on a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) based on the UL resource information.
- View Dependent Claims (16, 17, 18, 19, 20)
This application claims the benefit of priority to the U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 62/653,732, filed Apr. 6, 2018, and entitled “SYSTEM AND METHODS ON FLEXIBLE SLOT FORMAT INDICATION MONITORING FOR NEW RADIO UNLICENSED SYSTEM,” which patent application is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
Aspects pertain to wireless communications. Some aspects relate to wireless networks including 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project) networks, 3GPP LTE (Long Term Evolution) networks, 3GPP LTE-A (LTE Advanced) networks, and fifth-generation (5G) networks including 5G new radio (NR) (or SG-NR) networks and SG-LTE networks. Other aspects are directed to systems and methods for flexible slot format indication (SFI) for 5G-NR communication systems, including 5G-NR unlicensed communications.
Mobile communications have evolved significantly from early voice systems to today'"'"'s highly sophisticated integrated communication platform. With the increase in different types of devices communicating with various network devices, usage of 3GPP LTE systems has increased. The penetration of mobile devices (user equipment or UEs) in modern society has continued to drive demand for a wide variety of networked devices in a number of disparate environments. Fifth generation (5G) wireless systems are forthcoming and are expected to enable even greater speed, connectivity, and usability. Next generation 5G networks (or NR networks) are expected to increase throughput, coverage, and robustness and reduce latency and operational and capital expenditures. 5G-NR networks will continue to evolve based on 3GPP LTE-Advanced with additional potential new radio access technologies (RATs) to enrich people'"'"'s lives with seamless wireless connectivity solutions delivering fast, rich content and services. As current cellular network frequency is saturated, higher frequencies, such as millimeter wave (mmWave) frequency, can be beneficial due to their high bandwidth.
Potential LTE operation in the unlicensed spectrum includes (and is not limited to) the LTE operation in the unlicensed spectrum via dual connectivity (DC), or DC-based LAA, and the standalone LTE system in the unlicensed spectrum, according to which LTE-based technology solely operates in unlicensed spectrum without requiring an “anchor” in the licensed spectrum, called MulteFire. MulteFire combines the performance benefits of LTE technology with the simplicity of Wi-Fi-like deployments.
Further enhanced operation of LTE systems in the licensed as well as unlicensed spectrum is expected in future releases and 5G systems. Such enhanced operations can include techniques to address flexible slot format indication (SFI) monitoring within 5G-NR communication systems, such as NR communication systems operating in the unlicensed spectrum.
In the figures, which are not necessarily drawn to scale, like numerals may describe similar components in different views. Like numerals having different letter suffixes may represent different instances of similar components. The figures illustrate generally, by way of example, but not by way of limitation, various aspects discussed in the present document.
The following description and the drawings sufficiently illustrate aspects to enable those skilled in the art to practice them. Other aspects may incorporate structural, logical, electrical, process, and other changes. Portions and features of some aspects may be included in, or substituted for, those of other aspects. Aspects set forth in the claims encompass all available equivalents of those claims.
Any of the radio links described herein (e.g., as used in the network 140A or any other illustrated network) may operate according to any exemplary radio communication technology and/or standard.
LTE and LTE-Advanced are standards for wireless communications of high-speed data for UE such as mobile telephones. In LTE-Advanced and various wireless systems, carrier aggregation is a technology according to which multiple carrier signals operating on different frequencies may be used to carry communications for a single UE, thus increasing the bandwidth available to a single device. In some aspects, carrier aggregation may be used where one or more component carriers operate on unlicensed frequencies.
There are emerging interests in the operation of LTE systems in the unlicensed spectrum. As a result, an important enhancement for LTE in 3GPP Release 13 has been to enable its operation in the unlicensed spectrum via Licensed-Assisted Access (LAA), which expands the system bandwidth by utilizing the flexible carrier aggregation (CA) framework introduced by the LTE-Advanced system. Rel-13 LAA system focuses on the design of downlink operation on unlicensed spectrum via CA, while Rel-14 enhanced. LAA (eLAA) system focuses on the design of uplink operation on unlicensed spectrum via CA.
Aspects described herein can be used in the context of any spectrum management scheme including, for example, dedicated licensed spectrum, unlicensed spectrum, (licensed) shared spectrum (such as Licensed Shared Access (LSA) in 2.3-2.4 GHz, 3.4-3.6 GHz, 3.6-3.8 GHz, and further frequencies and Spectrum Access System (SAS) in 3.55-3.7 GHz and further frequencies). Applicable exemplary spectrum bands include IMT (International Mobile Telecommunications) spectrum (including 450-470 MHz, 790-960 MHz, 1710-2025 MHz, 2110-2200 MHz, 2300-2400 MHz, 2500-2690 MHz, 698-790 MHz, 610-790 MHz, 3400-3600 MHz, to name a few), IMT-advanced spectrum, IMT-2020 spectrum (expected to include 3600-3800 MHz, 3.5 GHz bands, 700 MHz bands, bands within the 24.25-86 GHz range, for example), spectrum made available under the Federal Communications Commission'"'"'s “Spectrum Frontier” 5G initiative (including 27.5-28.35 GHz, 29.1-29.25 GHz, 31-31.3 GHz, 37-38.6 GHz, 38.6-40 GHz, 42-42.5 GHz, 57-64 GHz, 71-76 GHz, 81-86 GHz and 92-94 GHz, etc), the ITS (Intelligent Transport Systems) band of 5.9 GHz (typically 5.85-5.925 GHz) and 63-64 GHz, bands currently allocated to WiGig such as WiGig Band 1 (57.24-59.40 GHz), WiGig Band 2 (59.40-61.56 GHz), WiGig Band 3 (61.56-63.72 GHz), and WiGig Band 4 (63.72-65.88 GHz); the 70.2 GHz-71 GHz band; any band between 65.88 GHz and 71 GHz; bands currently allocated to automotive radar applications such as 76-81 GHz; and future bands including 94-300 GHz and above. Furthermore, the scheme can be used on a secondary basis on bands such as the TV White Space bands (typically below 790 MHz) wherein particular the 400 MHz and 700 MHz bands can be employed. Besides cellular applications, specific applications for vertical markets may be addressed, such as PMSE (Program Making and Special Events), medical, health, surgery, automotive, low-latency, drones, and the like.
Aspects described herein can also be applied to different Single Carrier or OFDM flavors (CP-OFDM, SC-FDMA, SC-OFDM, filter bank-based multicarrier (FBMC), OFDMA, etc.) and in particular 3GPP NR (New Radio) by allocating the OFDM carrier data bit vectors to the corresponding symbol resources.
In some aspects, any of the UEs 101 and 102 can comprise an Internet-of-Things (IoT) UE or a Cellular IoT (CIoT) UE, which can comprise a network access layer designed for low-power IoT applications utilizing short-lived UE connections. In some aspects, any of the UEs 101 and 102 can include a narrowband (NB) IoT UE (e.g., such as an enhanced NB-IoT (eNB-IoT) UE and Further Enhanced (FeNB-IoT) UE). An IoT UE can utilize technologies such as machine-to-machine (M2M) or machine-type communications (MTC) for exchanging data with an MTC server or device via a public land mobile network (PLMN), Proximity-Based Service (ProSe) or device-to-device (D2D) communication, sensor networks, or IoT networks. The M2M or MTC exchange of data may be a machine-initiated exchange of data. An IoT network includes interconnecting IoT UEs, which may include uniquely identifiable embedded computing devices (within the Internet infrastructure), with short-lived connections. The MT UEs may execute background applications (e.g., keep-alive messages, status updates, etc.) to facilitate the connections of the IoT network.
In some aspects, NB-IoT devices can be configured to operate in a single physical resource block (PRB) and may be instructed to retune two different PRBs within the system bandwidth. In some aspects, an eNB-IoT UE can be configured to acquire system information in one PRB, and then it can retune to a different PRB to receive or transmit data.
In some aspects, any of the UEs 101 and 102 can include enhanced MTC (eMTC) UEs or further enhanced MTC (FeMTC) UEs.
The UEs 101 and 102 may be configured to connect, e.g., communicatively couple, with a radio access network (RAN) 110. The RAN 110 may be, for example, an Evolved Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN), a NextGen RAN (NG RAN), or some other type of RAN. The UEs 101 and 102 utilize connections 103 and 104, respectively, each of which comprises a physical communications interface or layer (discussed in further detail below); in this example, the connections 103 and 104 are illustrated as an air interface to enable communicative coupling, and can be consistent with cellular communications protocols, such as a Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) protocol, a code-division multiple access (CDMA) network protocol, a Push-to-Talk (PTT) protocol, a PTT over Cellular (POC) protocol, a Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) protocol, a 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE) protocol, a fifth generation (5G) protocol, a New Radio (NR) protocol, and the like.
In some aspects, the network 140A can include a core network (CN) 120. Various aspects of NG RAN and NG Core are discussed herein in reference to, e.g.,
In an aspect, the UEs 101 and 102 may further directly exchange communication data via a ProSe interface 105. The ProSe interface 105 may alternatively be referred to as a sidelink interface comprising one or more logical channels, including but not limited to a Physical Sidelink Control Channel (PSDCH), a Physical Sidelink Shared Channel (PSDCH), a Physical Sidelink Discovery Channel (PSDCH), and a Physical Sidelink Broadcast Channel (PSDCH).
The UE 102 is shown to be configured to access an access point (AP) 106 via connection 107. The connection 107 can comprise a local wireless connection, such as, for example, a connection consistent with any IEEE 802.11 protocol, according to which the AP 106 can comprise a wireless fidelity (WiFi®) router. In this example, the AP 106 is shown to be connected to the Internet without connecting to the core network of the wireless system (described in further detail below).
The RAN 110 can include one or more access nodes that enable the connections 103 and 104. These access nodes (ANs) can be referred to as base stations (BSs), NodeBs, evolved NodeBs (eNBs), Next Generation NodeBs (gNBs), RAN nodes, and the like, and can comprise ground stations (e.g., terrestrial access points) or satellite stations providing coverage within a geographic area (e.g., a cell). In some aspects, the communication nodes 111 and 112 can be transmission/reception points (TRPs). In instances when the communication nodes 111 and 112 are NodeBs (e.g., eNBs or gNBs), one or more TRPs can function within the communication cell of the NodeBs. The RAN 110 may include one or more RAN nodes for providing macrocells, e.g., macro RAN node 111, and one or more RAN nodes for providing femtocells or picocells (e.g., cells having smaller coverage areas, smaller user capacity, or higher bandwidth compared to macrocells), e.g., low power (LP) RAN node 112.
Any of the RAN nodes 111 and 112 can terminate the air interface protocol and can be the first point of contact for the UEs 101 and 102. In some aspects, any of the RAN nodes 111 and 112 can fulfill various logical functions for the RAN 110 including, but not limited to, radio network controller (RNC) functions such as radio bearer management, uplink and downlink dynamic radio resource management and data packet scheduling, and mobility management. In an example, any of the nodes 111 and/or 112 can be a new generation node-B (gNB), an evolved node-B (eNB), or another type of RAN node.
In accordance with some aspects, the UEs 101 and 102 can be configured to communicate using Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing (OFDM) communication signals with each other or with any of the RAN nodes 111 and 112 over a multicarrier communication channel in accordance various communication techniques, such as, but not limited to, an Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) communication technique (e.g., for downlink communications) or a Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA) communication technique (e.g., for uplink and ProSe for sidelink communications), although such aspects are not required. The OFDM signals can comprise a plurality of orthogonal subcarriers.
In some aspects, a downlink resource grid can be used for downlink transmissions from any of the RAN nodes 111 and 112 to the UEs 101 and 102, while uplink transmissions can utilize similar techniques. The grid can be a time-frequency grid, called a resource grid or time-frequency resource grid, which is the physical resource in the downlink in each slot. Such a time-frequency plane representation may be used for OFDM systems, which makes it applicable for radio resource allocation. Each column and each row of the resource grid may correspond to one OFDM symbol and one OFDM subcarrier, respectively. The duration of the resource grid in the time domain may correspond to one slot in a radio frame. The smallest time-frequency unit in a resource grid may be denoted as a resource element. Each resource grid may comprise a number of resource blocks, which describe the mapping of certain physical channels to resource elements. Each resource block may comprise a collection of resource elements; in the frequency domain, this may, in some aspects, represent the smallest quantity of resources that currently can be allocated. There may be several different physical downlink channels that are conveyed using such resource blocks.
The physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) may carry user data and higher-layer signaling to the UEs 101 and 102. The physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) may carry information about the transport format and resource allocations related to the PDSCH channel, among other things. It may also inform the UEs 101 and 102 about the transport format, resource allocation, and H-ARQ (Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request) information related to the uplink shared channel. Typically, downlink scheduling (assigning control and shared channel resource blocks to the UE 102 within a cell) may be performed at any of the RAN nodes 111 and 112 based on channel quality information fed back from any of the UEs 101 and 102. The downlink resource assignment information may be sent on the PDCCH used for (e.g., assigned to) each of the UEs 101 and 102.
The PDCCH may use control channel elements (CCEs) to convey the control information. Before being mapped to resource elements, the PDCCH complex-valued symbols may first be organized into quadruplets, which may then be permuted using a sub-block interleaver for rate matching. Each PDCCH may be transmitted using one or more of these CCEs, where each CCE may correspond to nine sets of four physical resource elements known as resource element groups (REGs). Four Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) symbols may be mapped to each REG. The PDCCH can be transmitted using one or more CCEs, depending on the size of the downlink control information (DCI) and the channel condition. There can be four or more different PDCCH formats defined in LTE with different numbers of CCEs (e.g., aggregation level, L=1, 2, 4, or 8).
Some aspects may use concepts for resource allocation for control channel information that are an extension of the above-described concepts. For example, some aspects may utilize an enhanced physical downlink control channel (EPDCCH) that uses PDSCH resources for control information transmission. The EPDCCH may be transmitted using one or more enhanced control channel elements (ECCEs). Similar to above, each ECCE may correspond to nine sets of four physical resource elements known as an enhanced resource element groups (EREGs). An ECCE may have other numbers of EREGs according to some arrangements.
The RAN 110 is shown to be communicatively coupled to a core network (CN) 120 via an S1 interface 113. In aspects, the CN 120 may be an evolved packet core (EPC) network, a NextGen Packet Core (NPC) network, or some other type of CN (e.g., as illustrated in reference to
In this aspect, the CN 120 comprises the MMEs 121, the S-GW 122, the Packet Data Network (PDN) Gateway (P-GW) 123, and a home subscriber server (HSS) 124. The MMEs 121 may be similar in function to the control plane of legacy Serving General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) Support Nodes (SGSN). The MMEs 121 may manage mobility aspects in access such as gateway selection and tracking area list management. The HSS 124 may comprise a database for network users, including subscription-related information to support the network entities'"'"' handling of communication sessions. The CN 120 may comprise one or several HSSs 124, depending on the number of mobile subscribers, on the capacity of the equipment, on the organization of the network, etc. For example, the HSS 124 can provide support for routing/roaming, authentication, authorization, naming/addressing resolution, location dependencies, etc.
The S-GW 122 may terminate the S1 interface 113 towards the RAN 110, and routes data packets between the RAN 110 and the CN 120. In addition, the S-GW 122 may be a local mobility anchor point for inter-RAN node handovers and also may provide an anchor for inter-3GPP mobility. Other responsibilities of the S-GW 122 may include a lawful intercept, charging, and some policy enforcement.
The P-GW 123 may terminate an SGi interface toward a PDN. The P-GW 123 may route data packets between the EPC network 120 and external networks such as a network including the application server 184 (alternatively referred to as application function (AF)) via an Internet Protocol (IP) interface 125. The P-GW 123 can also communicate data to other external networks 131A, which can include the Internet, IP multimedia subsystem (IPS) network, and other networks. Generally, the application server 184 may be an element offering applications that use IP bearer resources with the core network (e.g., UMTS Packet Services (PS) domain, LTE PS data services, etc.). In this aspect, the P-GW 123 is shown to be communicatively coupled to an application server 184 via an IP interface 125. The application server 184 can also be configured to support one or more communication services (e.g., Voice-over-Internet Protocol (VoIP)) sessions, PTT sessions, group communication sessions, social networking services, etc.) for the UEs 101 and 102 via the CN 120.
The P-GW 123 may further be a node for policy enforcement and charging data collection. Policy and Charging Rules Function (PCRF) 126 is the policy and charging control element of the CN 120. In a non-roaming scenario, in some aspects, there may be a single PCRF in the Home Public Land Mobile Network (HPLMN) associated with a UE'"'"'s Internet Protocol Connectivity Access Network (IP-CAN) session. In a roaming scenario with a local breakout of traffic, there may be two PCRFs associated with a UE'"'"'s IP-CAN session: a Home PCRF (H-PCRF) within an HPLMN and a Visited PCRF (V-PCRF) within a Visited Public Land Mobile Network (VPLMN). The PCRF 126 may be communicatively coupled to the application server 184 via the P-GW 123. The application server 184 may signal the PCRF 126 to indicate a new service flow and select the appropriate Quality of Service (QoS) and charging parameters. The PCRF 126 may provision this rule into a Policy and Charging Enforcement Function (PCEF) (not shown) with the appropriate traffic flow template (TFT) and QoS class of identifier (QCI), which commences the QoS and charging as specified by the application server 184.
In an example, any of the nodes 111 or 112 can be configured to communicate to the UEs 101, 102 (e.g., dynamically) an antenna panel selection and a receive (Rx) beam selection that can be used by the UE for data reception on a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) as well as for channel state information reference signal (CSI-RS) measurements and channel state information (CSI) calculation.
In an example, any of the nodes 111 or 112 can be configured to communicate to the UEs 101, 102 (e.g., dynamically) an antenna panel selection and a transmit (Tx) beam selection that can be used by the UE for data transmission on a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) as well as for sounding reference signal (SRS) transmission.
In some aspects, the communication network 140A can be an IoT network. One of the current enablers of IoT is the narrowband-IoT (NB-IoT). NB-IoT has objectives such as coverage extension, UE complexity reduction, long battery lifetime, and backward compatibility with the LTE network. In addition, NB-IoT aims to offer deployment flexibility allowing an operator to introduce NB-IoT using a small portion of its existing available spectrum, and operate in one of the following three modalities: (a) standalone deployment (the network operates in re-farmed GSM spectrum); (b) in-band deployment (the network operates within the LTE channel); and (c) guard-band deployment (the network operates in the guard band of legacy LTE channels). In some aspects, such as with further enhanced NB-IoT (FeNB-IoT), support for NB-IoT in small cells can be provided (e.g., in microcell, picocell or femtocell deployments). One of the challenges NB-IoT systems face for small cell support is the UL/DL link imbalance, where for small cells the base stations have lower power available compared to macro-cells, and, consequently, the DL coverage can be affected and/or reduced. In addition, some NB-IoT UEs can be configured to transmit at maximum power if repetitions are used for UL transmission. This may result in large inter-cell interference in dense small cell deployments.
In some aspects, the UE 101 can support connectivity to a 5G core network (5GCN) and can be configured to operate with Early Data Transmission (EDT) in a communication architecture that supports one or more of Machine Type Communications (MTC), enhanced MTC (eMTC), further enhanced MTC (feMTC), even further enhanced MTC (efeMTC), and narrowband Internet-of-Things (NB-IoT) communications. When operating with EDT, a physical random access channel (PRACH) procedure message 3 (MSG3) can be used to carry the short uplink (UL) data and PRACH procedure message 4 (MSG4) can be used to carry short downlink (DL) data (if any is available). When a UE wants to make a new RRC connection, it first transmits one or more preambles, which can be referred to as PRACH procedure message 1 (MSG1). The MSG4 can also indicate UE to immediately go to IDLE mode. For this purpose, the transport block size (TBS) scheduled by the UL grant received for the MSG3 to transmit UL data for EDT needs to be larger than the TBS scheduled by the legacy grant. In some aspects, the UE can indicate its intention of using the early data transmission via MSG1 using a separate PRACH resource partition. From MSG1, eNB knows that it has to provide a grant scheduling TBS values that may differ from legacy TBS for MSG3 in the random-access response (RAR or MSG2) so that the UE can transmit UL data in MSG3 for EDT. However, the eNB may not exactly know what would be the size of UL data the UE wants to transmit for EDT and how large a UL grant for MSG3 would be needed, though a minimum and a maximum TBS for the UL grant could be defined. The following two scenarios may occur: (a) The UL grant provided in RAR is larger than the UL data plus header. In this case, layer 1 needs to add one or more padding bits in the remaining grant. However, transmitting a large number of padding bits (or useless bits) is not power efficient especially in deep coverage where a larger number of repetitions of transmission is required. (b) Similarly, when the UL grant provided in RAR is large but falls short to accommodate the UL data for the EDT, the UE may have to send only the legacy RRC message to fallback to legacy RRC connection. In this case, UE may again need to transmit a number of padding bits, which can be inefficient.
As used herein, the term “PRACH procedure” can be used interchangeably with the term “Random Access procedure” or “RA procedure”.
In some aspects associated with NR communication systems, the UE can be configured by higher layer signaling for monitoring a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) (e.g., a group common PDCCH) conveying downlink control information (DCI) (e.g., format 2_0 DCI), which can be used to indicate dynamic slot format indication (SFI) for one or more cells and slots. In particular, the payload size of the DCI format 2_0 can be configured by higher layer signaling. Furthermore, the monitoring periodicity of group common PDCCH can also be configured by higher layers and can depend on the subcarrier spacing. For instance, for 15 kHz subcarrier spacing, the monitoring periodicity of group common PDCCH can be 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 slots.
One of the motivations to introduce group common PDCCH is to allow the gNB to indicate the slot format dynamically (e.g., using SFI in the DCI). In a case when the slot during the periodicity of group common PDCCH monitoring is indicated as full uplink (UL) slot, the UE may skip the monitoring of PDCCH in the corresponding slots, which can help to reduce the UE power consumption.
In LTE LAA systems, listen-before-talk (LBT) procedure is based on energy detection (ED) principles and relies fundamentally on the eNB acquiring a channel occupancy time (COT) for downlink transmission. For an NR system operating on an unlicensed band, the gNB may first need to perform LBT and if the channel is idle based on the outcome of channel sensing, the gNB may transmit the group common PDCCH carrying the dynamic SFI. As there is a single transmission opportunity of group common PDCCH during the monitoring periodicity, in case of longer periodicity (e.g., 10 or 20 slots for 15 kHz subcarrier spacing), if the channel is sensed as busy on the transmission opportunity, the gNB may need to wait for the next opportunity for the transmission of group common PDCCH, which may not be desirable in terms of UE power saving. To address this issue, certain mechanisms on flexible slot format indication monitoring for NR unlicensed system are disclosed herein and may be used in NR communication systems, such as NR systems with communications in the unlicensed spectrum.
In some aspects and as described hereinbelow in connection with
The core network 120 (e.g., a 5G core network or 5GC) can include an access and mobility function (AMF) 132 and/or a user plane function (UPF) 134. The AMF 132 and the UPF 134 can be communicatively coupled to the gNBs 128 and the NG-eNBs 130 via NG interfaces. More specifically, in some aspects, the gNBs 128 and the NG-eNBs 130 can be connected to the AMF 132 by NG-C interfaces, and to the UPF 134 by NG-U interfaces. The gNBs 128 and the NG-eNBs 130 can be coupled to each other via Xn interfaces.
In some aspects, a gNB 128 can include a node providing new radio (NR) user plane and control plane protocol termination towards the UE and is connected via the NG interface to the 5GC 120. In some aspects, an NG-eNB 130 can include a node providing evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA) user plane and control plane protocol terminations towards the UE and is connected via the NG interface to the SGC 120.
In some aspects, the NG system architecture 140B can use reference points between various nodes as provided by 3GPP Technical Specification (TS) 23.501 (e.g., V15.4.0, 2018-12).
In some aspects, each of the gNBs 128 and the NG-eNBs 130 can be implemented as a base station, a mobile edge server, a small cell, a home eNB, and so forth.
In some aspects, node 128 can be a master node (MN) and node 130 can be a secondary node (SN) in a 5G architecture. The MN 128 can be connected to the AMF 132 via an NG-C interface and to the SN 128 via an XN-C interface. The MN 128 can be connected to the UPF 134 via an NG-U interface and to the SN 128 via an XN-U interface.
In some aspects, the gNBs 128 and the NG-eNBs 130 can be configured to host the following functions: functions for Radio Resource Management (e.g., inter-cell radio resource management 129A, radio bearer control 129B, connection mobility control 129C, radio admission control 129D, dynamic allocation of resources to UEs in both uplink and downlink (scheduling) 129F), IP header compression, encryption and integrity protection of data; selection of an AMF at UE attachment when no routing to an AMF can be determined from the information provided by the UE; routing of User Plane data towards UPF(s); routing of Control Plane information towards AMF; connection setup and release; scheduling and transmission of paging messages (originated from the ANF); scheduling and transmission of system broadcast information (originated from the AMF or Operation and Maintenance); measurement and measurement reporting configuration for mobility and scheduling 129E; transport level packet marking in the uplink; session management; support of network slicing; QoS flow management and mapping to data radio bearers; support of UEs in RRC_INACTIVE state; distribution function for non-access stratum (NAS) messages; radio access network sharing; dual connectivity; and tight interworking between NR and E-UTRA, to name a few.
In some aspects, the AMF 132 can be configured to host the following functions, for example: NAS signaling termination; NAS signaling security 133A; access stratum (AS) security control; inter-core network (CN) node signaling for mobility between 3GPP access networks; idle state/mode mobility handling 133B, including mobile device, such as a UE reachability (e.g., control and execution of paging retransmission); registration area management; support of intra-system and inter-system mobility; access authentication; access authorization including check of roaming rights; mobility management control (subscription and policies); support of network slicing; and/or SMF selection, among other functions.
The UPF 134 can be configured to host the following functions, for example: mobility anchoring 135A (e.g., anchor point for Intra-/Inter-RAT mobility); packet data unit (PDU) handling 135B (e.g., external PDU session point of interconnect to data network); packet routing and forwarding; packet inspection and user plane part of policy rule enforcement; traffic usage reporting; uplink classifier to support routing traffic flows to a data network; branching point to support multi-homed PDU session; QoS handling for user plane, e.g., packet filtering, gating, UL/DL rate enforcement; uplink traffic verification (SDF to QoS flow mapping); and/or downlink packet buffering and downlink data notification triggering, among other functions.
The Session Management function (SME) 136 can be configured to host the following functions, for example: session management; UE IP address allocation and management 137A; selection and control of user plane function (UPF); PDU session control 137B, including configuring traffic steering at UPF 134 to route traffic to proper destination; control part of policy enforcement and QoS; and/or downlink data notification, among other functions.
In some aspects, en-gNBs 128 can be configured to provide NR user plane and control plane protocol terminations towards the UE 102 and acting as Secondary Nodes (or SgNBs) in the EN-DC communication architecture 140D. The eNBs 111 can be configured as master nodes (or MeNBs) and the eNBs 128 can be configured as secondary nodes (or SgNBs) in the EN-DC communication architecture 140D. As illustrated in
In some aspects, the MeNB 111 can be connected to the MME 121 via S1-MIME interface and to the SgNB 128 via an X2-C interface. In some aspects, the MeNB 111 can be connected to the SGW 122 via S1-U interface and to the SgNB 128 via an X2-U interface. In some aspects associated with dual connectivity (DC) and/or MultiRate-DC (MR-DC), the Master eNB (MeNB) can offload user plane traffic to the Secondary gNB (SgNB) via split bearer or SCG (Secondary Cell Group) split bearer.
In some aspects, the 5G system architecture 140E includes an IP multimedia subsystem (IMS) 168E as well as a plurality of IP multimedia core network subsystem entities, such as call session control functions (CSCFs). More specifically, the IMS 168E includes a CSCF, which can act as a proxy CSCF (P-CSCF) 162E, a serving CSCF (S-CSCF) 164E, an emergency CSCF (E-CSCF) (not illustrated in
In some aspects, the UDM/HSS 146 can be coupled to an application server 160E, which can include a telephony application server (TAS) or another application server (AS). The AS 160E can be coupled to the IMS 168E via the S-CSCF 164E or the I-CSCF 166E. In some aspects, the 5G system architecture 140E can use unified access barring mechanism using one or more of the techniques described herein, which access barring mechanism can be applied for all RRC states of the UE 102, such as RRC_IDLE, RRC_CONNECTED, and RRC_INACTIVE states.
In some aspects, the 5G system architecture 140E can be configured to use 5G access control mechanism techniques described herein, based on access categories that can be categorized by a minimum default set of access categories, which are common across all networks. This functionality can allow the public land mobile network PLMN, such as a visited PLMN (VPLMN) to protect the network against different types of registration attempts, enable acceptable service for the roaming subscriber and enable the VPLMN to control access attempts aiming at receiving certain basic services. It also provides more options and flexibility to individual operators by providing a set of access categories, which can be configured and used in operator-specific ways.
A reference point representation shows that interaction can exist between corresponding NF services. For example,
In some aspects, a monitoring duration (or window) 202 may be configured within a monitoring periodicity (e.g., 206) for the transmission of group common PDCCH (or another type of PDCCH) carrying dynamic SFI. Within the monitoring duration 202, one or more monitoring occasions of group common PDCCH may be defined. For example, monitoring duration 202 includes a total of four monitoring occasions of PDCCH. In some aspects, higher layer signaling can be used to configure the monitoring occasions by specifying symbol level monitoring periodicity (e.g., a PDCCH monitoring pattern within a slot, indicating the first symbol or symbols of the CORESET within the slot for PDCCH monitoring). In some aspects, the monitoring occasions within a slot can be specified by a bitmap, which can be configured by higher layers via. NR minimum system information (MSI), NR remaining minimum system information (RMSI), NR other system information (OSI), or radio resource control (RRC) signaling.
As illustrated in
A monitoring duration 202 may be described by a contiguous set of monitored slots (e.g., 208 and 210). A monitoring periodicity 206 may be described as the periodicity of the start of the monitoring duration and defined in terms of a number of slots. A monitoring offset may be described by a certain number of slots. A monitoring duration may be comprised of consecutive number of slots within the monitoring periodicity. A monitoring occasion within a monitored slot may be described by a starting symbol location of the associated CORESET (e.g., monitoring occasion 212 can be described as starting with symbol one of slot 208). Multiple monitoring occasions (e.g., 212 and 214) can be defined within a monitored slot (e.g., 208). In some aspects, two consecutive monitoring occasions can be defined in two consecutive OFDM symbols.
In some aspects, UE 101 may be configured with multiple PDCCH monitoring window configurations. A default PDCCH monitoring window configuration may be specified. Group common PDCCH (GC-PDCCH) can be used for dynamically switching the PDCCH monitoring window configuration for a group of UEs. The validity of a dynamically configured PDCCH monitoring window configuration may also be limited by one or more parameters, such as the Maximum Channel Occupancy Time (MOOT). A PDCCH monitoring window configuration can be applicable to a set of search spaces that a UE is supposed to monitor.
In some aspects, a monitoring duration (e.g., 202) for PDCCH (i.e., DCI format 2_0), or for any other DCI format, or for a search space set, can be defined over a set of configured monitoring occasions. For such a case, the UE can be configured with a monitoring duration using periodicity and offset in terms of absolute time-slots or subframes or in terms of the monitoring occasions for the corresponding DCI format or search space set. In this regard, different search spaces can be associated with different monitoring occasions within a monitoring duration. Accordingly, the UE can be expected to monitor for the DCI format or search space set only in those monitoring occasions that fall within the configured monitoring window. In addition, or as an alternative, if the UE detects a valid PDCCH (e.g., DCI format 2_0 in GC-PDCCH or any other DCI format as configured), the UE may skip monitoring for GC-PDCCH or the search space set, etc., for the remaining monitoring occasions within the corresponding monitoring window.
In some aspects, as yet another alternative to the configuration of monitoring durations, the UE can be configured with a short monitoring periodicity (e.g., 1 or 2 slot periodicity) for GC-PDCCH (DCI format 2_0), implying frequent monitoring of GC-PDCCH. If a UE detects an SFI indicating slot format for a number of slots that is larger than the monitoring periodicity, the UE may skip monitoring for GC-PDCCH until the first monitoring occasion that occurs after the indicated number of slots for which the slot format is indicated by SFI. The number of slots that a single SFI indication can correspond depends on the rows of the SFI combination table that is configured. by higher layer signaling (via parameter SFI-set), and a single configuration can include different numbers of slots that the SFI may indicate. Thus, with appropriate configuration of the length of SFI combinations, the gNB may dynamically trade-off between “short” and “long” SFI values and correspondingly, the frequency of UE monitoring as per the deployment and LBT characteristics.
Even though GC-PDCCH is discussed in connection with the techniques disclosed herein, the disclosure is not limited in this regard and the same disclosed techniques can be used for other PDCCH types, such as common search space (CSS) PDCCH or UE-specific search space (USS or UESS) PDCCH.
At operation 312, UE 304 can monitor for PDCCH transmission occasions based on the received PDCCH configuration 310. At operation 314, base station 302 can perform an LBT procedure to acquire a Channel Occupancy Time (COT) for downlink transmission. After a successful LBT procedure, at operation 316, base station 302 can transmit DCI 318 using PDCCH and within a PDCCH monitoring occasion as configured by configuration information 310. DCI 318 can include SFI 320, which can indicate one or more resources granted to the UE to use for uplink communication or downlink reception. At operation 322, UE 304 can skip monitoring of PDCCH if the SFI indicates an uplink slot resource. At operation 324, UE 304 can use the indicated uplink resource and transmit uplink data via a physical uplink shared channel based on the SFI indication of an uplink slot resource.
In some aspects, if LBT succeeds before the monitoring occasion starts, the gNB may transmit a cyclic prefix (CP) extension until the boundary of the monitoring occasion in order to prevent from releasing the COT, which might be consequently taken by other devices. In some aspects, the LBT is performed starting from the boundary of each monitoring occasion, and group common PDCCH transmission is performed right after the LBT succeeds. If LBT finishes within a symbol, the symbol can be filled with extended CP.
In some aspects, a presence detection signal is appended at the beginning of each group common PDCCH transmission, in order to help determine its starting position. In some aspects, given a monitoring duration, the gNB can perform transmission of PDCCH carrying dynamic SFI at any time when LBT succeeds within the monitoring duration. In order to facilitate blind decoding from the UE perspective, a presence detection signal can be appended before each PDCCH transmissions. In some aspects, once a PDCCH transmission is successfully decoded by the UE, the UE does not need to monitor the rest of the monitoring window.
Circuitry (e.g., processing circuitry) is a collection of circuits implemented intangible entities of the device 400 that include hardware (e.g., simple circuits, gates, logic, etc.). Circuitry membership may be flexible over time. Circuitries include members that may, alone or in combination, perform specified operations when operating. In an example, the hardware of the circuitry may be immutably designed to carry out a specific operation (e.g., hardwired). In an example, the hardware of the circuitry may include variably connected physical components (e.g., execution units, transistors, simple circuits, etc.) including a machine-readable medium physically modified (e.g., magnetically, electrically, moveable placement of invariant massed particles, etc.) to encode instructions of the specific operation.
In connecting the physical components, the underlying electrical properties of a hardware constituent are changed, for example, from an insulator to a conductor or vice versa. The instructions enable embedded hardware (e.g., the execution units or a loading mechanism) to create members of the circuitry in hardware via the variable connections to carry out portions of the specific operation when in operation. Accordingly, in an example, the machine-readable medium elements are part of the circuitry or are communicatively coupled to the other components of the circuitry when the device is operating. In an example, any of the physical components may be used in more than one member of more than one circuitry. For example, under operation, execution units may be used in a first circuit of a first circuitry at one point in time and reused by a second circuit in the first circuitry, or by a third circuit in a second circuitry at a different time. Additional examples of these components with respect to the device 400 follow.
In some aspects, the device 400 may operate as a standalone device or may be connected (e.g., networked) to other devices. In a networked deployment, the communication device 400 may operate in the capacity of a server communication device, a client communication device, or both in server-client network environments. In an example, the communication device 400 may act as a peer communication device in peer-to-peer (P2P) (or other distributed) network environment. The communication device 400 may be a UE, eNB, PC, a tablet PC, a STB, a PDA, a mobile telephone, a smartphone, a web appliance, a network router, switch or bridge, or any communication device capable of executing instructions (sequential or otherwise) that specify actions to be taken by that communication device. Further, while only a single communication device is illustrated, the term “communication device” shall also be taken to include any collection of communication devices that individually or jointly execute a set (or multiple sets) of instructions to perform any one or more of the methodologies discussed herein, such as cloud computing, software as a service (SaaS), and other computer cluster configurations.
Examples, as described herein, may include, or may operate on, logic or a number of components, modules, or mechanisms. Modules are tangible entities (e.g., hardware) capable of performing specified operations and may be configured or arranged in a certain manner. In an example, circuits may be arranged (e.g., internally or with respect to external entities such as other circuits) in a specified manner as a module. In an example, the whole or part of one or more computer systems (e.g., a standalone, client or server computer system) or one or more hardware processors may be configured by firmware or software (e.g., instructions, an application portion, or an application) as a module that operates to perform specified operations. In an example, the software may reside on a communication device-readable medium. In an example, the software, when executed by the underlying hardware of the module, causes the hardware to perform the specified operations.
Accordingly, the term “module” is understood to encompass a tangible entity, be that an entity that is physically constructed, specifically configured (e.g., hardwired), or temporarily (e.g., transitorily) configured (e.g., programmed) to operate in a specified manner or to perform part or all of any operation described herein. Considering examples in which modules are temporarily configured, each of the modules need not be instantiated at any one moment in time. For example, where the modules comprise a general-purpose hardware processor configured using software, the general-purpose hardware processor may be configured as respective different modules at different times. The software may accordingly configure a hardware processor, for example, to constitute a particular module at one instance of time and to constitute a different module at a different instance of time.
Communication device (e.g., UE) 400 may include a hardware processor 402 (e.g., a central processing unit (CPU), a graphics processing unit (GPU), a hardware processor core, or any combination thereof), a main memory 404, a static memory 406, and mass storage 407 (e.g., hard drive, tape drive, flash storage, or other block or storage devices), some or all of which may communicate with each other via an interlink (e.g., bus) 408.
The communication device 400 may further include a display device 410, an alphanumeric input device 412 (e.g., a keyboard), and a user interface (UI) navigation device 414 (e.g., a mouse). In an example, the display device 410, input device 412 and UI navigation device 414 may be a touchscreen display. The communication device 400 may additionally include a signal generation device 418 (e.g., a speaker), a network interface device 420, and one or more sensors 421, such as a global positioning system (GPS) sensor, compass, accelerometer, or another sensor. The communication device 400 may include an output controller 428, such as a serial (e.g., universal serial bus (USB), parallel, or other wired or wireless (e.g., infrared (IR), near field communication (NEC), etc.) connection to communicate or control one or more peripheral devices (e.g., a printer, card reader, etc.).
The storage device 407 may include a communication device-readable medium 422, on which is stored one or more sets of data structures or instructions 424 (e.g., software) embodying or utilized by any one or more of the techniques or functions described herein. In some aspects, registers of the processor 402, the main memory 404, the static memory 406, and/or the mass storage 407 may be, or include (completely or at least partially), the device-readable medium 422, on which is stored the one or more sets of data structures or instructions 424, embodying or utilized by any one or more of the techniques or functions described herein. In an example, one or any combination of the hardware processor 402, the main memory 404, the static memory 406, or the mass storage 416 may constitute the device-readable medium 422.
As used herein, the term “device-readable medium” is interchangeable with “computer-readable medium” or “machine-readable medium”. While the communication device-readable medium 422 is illustrated as a single medium, the term “communication device-readable medium” may include a single medium or multiple media (e.g., a centralized or distributed database, and/or associated caches and servers) configured to store the one or more instructions 424.
The term “communication device-readable medium” is inclusive of the terms “machine-readable medium” or “computer-readable medium”, and may include any medium that is capable of storing, encoding, or carrying instructions (e.g.; instructions 424) for execution by the communication device 400 and that cause the communication device 400 to perform any one or more of the techniques of the present disclosure, or that is capable of storing, encoding or carrying data structures used by or associated with such instructions. Non-limiting communication device-readable medium examples may include solid-state memories and optical and magnetic media. Specific examples of communication device-readable media may include: non-volatile memory, such as semiconductor memory devices (e.g., Electrically Programmable Read-Only Memory (EPROM), Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory (EEPROM)) and flash memory devices; magnetic disks, such as internal hard disks and removable disks; magneto-optical disks; Random Access Memory (RANT); and CD-ROM and DVD-ROM disks. In some examples, communication device-readable media may include non-transitory communication device-readable media. In some examples, communication device-readable media may include communication device-readable media that is not a transitory propagating signal.
The instructions 424 may further be transmitted or received over a communications network 426 using a transmission medium via the network interface device 420 utilizing any one of a number of transfer protocols. In an example, the network interface device 420 may include one or more physical jacks (e.g., Ethernet, coaxial, or phone jacks) or one or more antennas to connect to the communications network 426. In an example, the network interface device 420 may include a plurality of antennas to wirelessly communicate using at least one of single-input-multiple-output (SIMO), MIMO, or multiple-input-single-output (MISO) techniques. In some examples, the network interface device 420 may wirelessly communicate using Multiple User MIMO techniques.
The term “transmission medium” shall be taken to include any intangible medium that is capable of storing, encoding or carrying instructions for execution by the communication device 400, and includes digital or analog communications signals or another intangible medium to facilitate communication of such software. In this regard, a transmission medium in the context of this disclosure is a device-readable medium.
A communication device-readable medium may be provided by a storage device or other apparatus which is capable of hosting data in a non-transitory format. In an example, information stored or otherwise provided on a communication device-readable medium may be representative of instructions, such as instructions themselves or a format from which the instructions may be derived. This format from which the instructions may be derived may include source code, encoded instructions (e.g., in compressed or encrypted form), packaged instructions (e.g., split into multiple packages), or the like. The information representative of the instructions in the communication device-readable medium may be processed by processing circuitry into the instructions to implement any of the operations discussed herein. For example, deriving the instructions from the information (e.g., processing by the processing circuitry) may include: compiling (e.g., from source code, object code, etc.), interpreting, loading, organizing (e.g., dynamically or statically linking), encoding, decoding, encrypting, unencrypting, packaging, unpackaging, or otherwise manipulating the information into the instructions.
In an example, the derivation of the instructions may include assembly, compilation, or interpretation of the information (e.g., by the processing circuitry) to create the instructions from some intermediate or preprocessed format provided by the machine-readable medium. The information, when provided in multiple parts, may be combined, unpacked, and modified to create the instructions. For example, the information may be in multiple compressed source code packages (or object code, or binary executable code, etc.) on one or several remote servers. The source code packages may be encrypted when in transit over a network and decrypted, uncompressed, assembled (e.g., linked) if necessary, and compiled or interpreted (e.g., into a library, stand-alone executable etc.) at a local machine, and executed by the local machine.
Although an aspect has been described with reference to specific exemplary aspects, it will be evident that various modifications and changes may be made to these aspects without departing from the broader scope of the present disclosure. Accordingly, the specification and drawings are to be regarded in an illustrative rather than a restrictive sense. This Detailed Description, therefore, is not to be taken in a limiting sense, and the scope of various aspects is defined only by the appended claims, along with the full range of equivalents to which such claims are entitled.