A valve includes a housing, a solenoid arranged in the housing, a pin movable by the solenoid, a pot-shaped piston connected to the pin, and a first seal arranged between the housing and the pot-shaped piston. The pot-shaped piston has, at least in the region of its open end, a radially peripheral second seal that bears against a second housing part when the valve is closed, the second housing part being connected to the housing.
- 1-12. -12. (canceled)
- 13. A valve comprising:
a housing (1); a solenoid (5) arranged in the housing (1); a pin (7) movable by the solenoid (5), a pot-shaped piston (8) connected to the pin (7), the pot-shaped piston (8) having a base (9) and an open end; a first seal (10) arranged between the housing (1) and the pot-shaped piston (8), wherein the pot-shaped piston (8) has, at least in a region (14) of its open end, a radially peripheral second seal (15) that bears against a second housing part (13) when the valve is closed, the second housing part (13) being connected to the housing (1).
- View Dependent Claims (14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25)
This is a U.S. national stage of International application No. PCT/EP2017/082626, filed on Dec. 13, 2017, which claims priority to German Application Nos. 10 2016 226 095.2, filed Dec. 22, 2016 and 10 2017 202 511.5 filed Feb. 16, 2017, the content of all of which are incorporated herein by reference.
The invention relates to a valve having a housing, a solenoid arranged in the housing, a pin movable by the solenoid, and a pot-shaped piston connected to the pin, and a seal arranged between the housing and the piston.
Such valves are used, inter alia, as a diverter valve on the turbocharger in motor vehicles to open up a bypass to the suction side in overrun operation, and are thus known. In order to prevent excessive deceleration of the turbocharger, but also to ensure a fast launch, fast opening and closing of the valve is essential. In particular during the closing process, immediate closure as a result of the abutment of the piston against a valve seat is of importance. The valve seat is formed by the housing of the turbocharger, on which the valve is flange-mounted. In addition, the axially displaceable piston must be sealed against the housing. For this purpose, it is known to arrange a V-shaped seal in the housing, the limbs of which bear in each case against the housing and against the lateral surface of the pot-shaped piston. The sealing action is achieved by means of the preload of the two limbs. It is disadvantageous here that the sealing lip, bearing against the piston, of one limb is subjected to friction owing to the piston movement during the opening and closing, resulting in increased wear.
It is therefore an object of the invention to provide a valve with improved sealing function.
This object may be achieved, according to one aspect of the invention, if the piston has, at least in the region of its open end, a radially peripheral seal that bears against a second housing part when the valve is closed, the second housing part being connected to the housing.
With the arrangement of a radially peripheral seal at the open end of the piston, which interacts with the second housing part only in the closed state, it is achieved that sealing is limited to a period of time in which the piston is in the closed position, including a period of time immediately before the piston comes to rest. This means that the piston and seal make contact already shortly before the closed position. With the final movement of the piston into the closed position, the seal is deformed in such a way that it touches the second housing part and preloads the part in doing so. With the axially acting seal, the seal is thus prevented from being in contact with the second housing part, and being subject to associated friction, during the movement of the piston in the opening and closing processes. Friction-induced wear is thus prevented, and the service life of the seal is improved.
A particularly good sealing effect of an axially acting seal of this kind is achieved by virtue of the fact that the seal has at least one sealing lip, which is directed radially outward and toward the base of the pot-shaped piston and comes into contact with a sealing surface of the second housing part, wherein the sealing surface is arranged on a radially inward-facing collar.
Good resistance to media by the seal is ensured by the use of rubber, preferably a fluoro rubber, as a seal material. Another advantage is that a rubber seal of this kind is temperature-stable at up to 180° C.
In a simple aspect, the seal is arranged at the open end of the piston. The components of the valve, e.g., the solenoid, housing, spring and piston, must be configured to match the installation situation and operating conditions. As a result, the piston may have to have a certain height, which would entail a correspondingly large design of the seal. It has proven advantageous here not to arrange the seal exclusively at the open end but to arrange it in a region situated at the open end and which accounts for up to 30% of the piston height. This has the advantage that the seal can also be arranged below the open end on the lateral surface of the piston, allowing smaller dimensioning of the seal, particularly of the sealing lip.
Greater resistance to aggressive media and thus a longer service life are realized if the piston is composed of high-grade steel, preferably a chromium-nickel steel. A metal piston also has the advantage of higher temperature stability, such that the valve according to the invention can cover a wider field of application, in particular at relatively high temperatures.
Owing to the greater stability of metal in relation to plastic, the wall thickness of the piston can be made significantly smaller. Depending on the field of use, it has proven to be advantageous if the metal of the piston has a thickness of 0.3 mm to 1 mm, preferably of 0.4 mm to 0.8 mm and in particular of 0.5 mm.
According to another advantageous aspect, the piston can be produced at a particularly low cost in a single work step if the piston is a deep-drawn part.
The sealing of the bypass line of the turbocharger can be accomplished in a particularly simple manner if the piston has a further seal on the outside in the region of its base. According to one advantageous aspect, connection of the further seal to the piston is particularly simple if the base of the piston has at least 3, preferably 4 to 12 and in particular 5 to 8, apertures in the region of the annular seal, and if the seal extends as far as the inside of the base through the apertures.
According to one particularly advantageous aspect, the effort required for the arrangement of the two seals can be reduced if the seal and the further seal are connected integrally to one another in the region of the open end and in the base region, respectively. In this way, the two seals are connected to the piston in only a single work step. Additional installation of the seals can thus be eliminated. Moreover, the number of components and the complexity of a piston of this kind are reduced.
In the simplest case, the integral connection of the two seals can be accomplished by way of the outside of the cylindrical lateral surface of the piston. In this case, the piston is protected on the outside by the seal material. However, it is also conceivable to configure the connection between the two seals such that the seal material covers the inside of the cylindrical lateral surface of the piston.
In another aspect, the connection between the two seals is configured such that the seal material covers the cylindrical lateral surface both on the inside and on the outside. The piston is thus encased by the seal material and thus additionally protected in this region.
According to another aspect, reliable connection of the at least one seal in the region of the open end may be achieved by vulcanization onto the piston. It has furthermore proven advantageous if the second housing part is composed of metal, preferably of a high-grade steel, in particular of a chromium-nickel steel. This makes it possible to design the second housing part as a deep-drawn part and hence allows particularly low-cost production. In this way, the collar having the sealing surface for the seal arranged on the piston can also be manufactured in the same production process.
The invention is described in more detail on the basis of an exemplary embodiment. In the figures:
In terms of the basic structure, the enlarged illustration of the valve according to the invention in the region of the piston in
Thus, while there have been shown and described and pointed out fundamental novel features of the invention as applied to a preferred embodiment thereof, it will be understood that various omissions and substitutions and changes in the form and details of the devices illustrated, and in their operation, may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention. For example, it is expressly intended that all combinations of those elements and/or method steps which perform substantially the same function in substantially the same way to achieve the same results are within the scope of the invention. Moreover, it should be recognized that structures and/or elements and/or method steps shown and/or described in connection with any disclosed form or embodiment of the invention may be incorporated in any other disclosed or described or suggested form or embodiment as a general matter of design choice. It is the intention, therefore, to be limited only as indicated by the scope of the claims appended hereto.