1. A lighting unit comprising:
- a mount for a light source,at least one removable light-conditioning element,a cassette arranged to house the at least one removable light-conditioning element for conditioning light from the light source, andat least one frame member supporting the cassette in front of the mount, and the cassette having a side openable for receiving entry of the at least one removable light-conditioning element into the cassette for conditioning the light from the light source.
A lighting unit comprises a mount for rotating a plasma light source within a cylinder of metal gauze that provides a primary Faraday cage for shielding against radio-frequency radiation from the light source. The shielding is extended using a parabolic reflector for the emitted light in combination with a gauze to establish a secondary Faraday shield enclosing the primary cage. The gauze covers a ring that is sealed between the rim of the front open-mouth of the reflector and a slide-in cassette of the lighting unit, and can be of a metallic honeycomb configuration enhancing the operation and light output from the unit.
- 1. A lighting unit comprising:
a mount for a light source, at least one removable light-conditioning element, a cassette arranged to house the at least one removable light-conditioning element for conditioning light from the light source, and at least one frame member supporting the cassette in front of the mount, and the cassette having a side openable for receiving entry of the at least one removable light-conditioning element into the cassette for conditioning the light from the light source.
- View Dependent Claims (6, 11, 12, 18, 20, 21, 22)
- 2-5. -5. (canceled)
- 7-10. -10. (canceled)
- 13-17. -17. (canceled)
- 19. (canceled)
- 23. A lighting unit comprising:
a plasma light source, a mount for the plasma light source, a shield mounted with the mount for shielding against radio-frequency radiation from the plasma light source, and the shield providing the radio-frequency shielding whilst allowing the passage of light from the plasma light source through the shield.
- View Dependent Claims (24, 25, 28, 29)
- 26-27. -27. (canceled)
- 30. A lighting unit comprising:
a plasma light source, a rotatable mount mounting the plasma light source, a Faraday cage enclosing the plasma light source for shielding against radio-frequency radiation from the plasma light source, the Faraday cage providing the radio-frequency shielding whilst allowing light from the plasma light source to exit the Faraday cage, a light-combining element having a lattice-structure of holes for light to pass through, and optical means directing the light exiting the Faraday cage to pass through the holes of the light-combining element.
- View Dependent Claims (31)
This application is a National Stage completion of PCT/GB2017/053884 filed Dec. 22, 2017, which claims priority from British patent application serial no. 1622109.5 filed Dec. 23, 2016.
This invention relates to a lighting unit, and in particular a lighting unit for use in situations where a high level of illumination is required, and also where removable accessories such as filters or lenses may be required. Such lighting units are required for example for stage lighting.
Stage lighting units are commonly cumbersome units which require separate supports for mounting lenses or filters in front of the light source. This means that there are often gaps around the edges of the light allowing leakage of light sideways, in addition, the light source may be required to be of high power in order to provide sufficient illumination, and consequently may become very hot so that the unit heats up and is difficult to handle.
This invention aims to provide a lighting unit that may be adopted to alleviate such problems.
According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a lighting unit comprising a mount for a light source, a cassette arranged to house at least one removable element for conditioning light from the light source, and at least one frame member arranged to support the cassette in front of the mount. This provides a compact unit where elements such as lenses or filters may easily be interchanged. Furthermore such an arrangement can reduce any gaps between the light source and elements such as filters, lenses and shutters, so as to reduce leakage of light around the sides of the unit.
The cassette may be configured such that the or each element is accessible from a side of the cassette. For example, the cassette may have at least one movable side portion or gate, which may be opened to allow insertion or removal of an element, and may be latched in position in use. The, or each, gate may be shaped closely to receive a predetermined type of element. Where a plurality of such gates is provided, the gates may be elongate and substantially parallel, and may together form a side of the cassette. The gates are preferably latchable to each other, for example using a locking pin, which may also be used to latch each gate in the closed position.
The elements such as filters, lenses and shutters may be supported by shaped features % associated with at least one other side of the cassette, to hold them in place. For example, low friction features such as runners may be provided.
Preferably the cassette comprises side walls which are substantially impermeable to light, such that light leakage around the sides of the unit is alleviated. The cassette may be substantially oblong or square in shape, so as to facilitate loading of elements. A rear wall of the cassette may have a circular aperture for light from the light source, and the unit may comprise a shutter assembly arranged to be mounted in front of the cassette for shielding externally of light emitted by the light source, the assembly also preferably having a circular aperture. The Shutter assembly may for example comprise at least one pair of shutter members, and preferably three or four members, movable towards or away from the aperture for example by a pivoting movement.
The unit may comprise a reflector mounted behind the cassette for surrounding the light source. The reflector may for example be of a conical or dome shape, and may provide or include radio frequency shielding. Further, light and/or radio frequency shielding may be provided in the form of a pierced metallic plate or gauze directly in front of the reflector especially in the case where a plasma bulb is used to provide the light source. Thus the reflector may be attached at its front edge to a shield such as a gauze for providing radio frequency shielding whilst allowing the passage of light. Such shielding is of particular use where a light source such as a plasma light source is to be mounted in the reflector, since the plasma light and power supply can adversely affect nearby wireless devices by radio frequency interference.
The gauze may be in the form of a lattice such as a honeycomb lattice, which also may have the advantage of enhancing the optical properties of the lighting unit. It has been found that such a lattice does not negatively affect the quality of the light produced by the unit. For example it may be formed of thin strip-like material.
Thus the invention also provides a lighting unit comprising a mount for a light source, and a shield arranged to be mounted in front of the light source, the shield providing radio frequency shielding whilst allowing the passage of light, and preferably comprising a gauze of substantially honeycomb configuration and formed of a metallic material. The invention may also provide a reflector for surrounding the mount and arranged for directing light forwardly, the reflector and the shield together arranged to form a Faraday cage around the light source.
The mount may include a mechanism for allowing rotation of the light source, and may include cooling fins for dissipating heat created by the light source in use.
The frame member(s) may include a plurality of legs extending between the mount and the cassette, preferably around the reflector, which are preferably light in weight. The legs provide structural strength to the unit whilst also forming a ‘cage’ for protecting the reflector and also allowing cooling thereof. Thus the invention may also provide a lighting unit comprising a mount for a light source, a reflector surrounding the mount, and support arms arranged to provide a frame around the reflector.
Support arms may also be provided attached to the unit, for example to the frame member(s) such as the legs, at an attachment location which is arranged to be moveable on the unit, preferably in an axial direction, such that the unit may be balanced on the arms. For example the attachment locations may be arranged along the legs, which may be provided with a plurality of attachment features such as apertures.
Various interchangeable elements may be provided with the unit, such as lenses and filters. An appropriate attachment location may be selected depending upon the weight of the elements fitted to the unit, and thus the balance of the unit.
In order that the invention may be more readily understood, reference will now be made, by way of example, to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Referring to the other figures, and in particular to
As can be seen in
The legs 28, 8 are shaped closely to surround a reflector 32, which may be of parabolic-mirror form, and which has a continuous dome-like surface sealed to the light source mount 4 using a metallic seal 34 so as to surround the light source within the metallic cylinder 18 and direct light forwardly in a substantially circular cross sectional shape. The metallic seal 34 forms a conducting seal between the reflector 32 and a grounded mounting point on the light source mount 4.
The reflector 32 is sealed to the cassette 10 at its forward circular rim 33 (see
The cassette 10 has a rear plate 48 having a circular aperture aligned with the front rim 33 of the reflector 32, the rear plate being sealed to upper and lower walls 50, 51 and a side wall 52. The walls 50, 52 are each sealed to a front face member 54 forming part of a circular front aperture of the cassette. Opposite the side wall 52, the remaining side of the cassette is formed from a plurality of gates 55, 56, 57 that are pivotable about the lower corner 58 of the cassette formed by one end of the lower wall 51, so as to be moveable towards or away from the cassette to allow access to the interior. The gates 56 can be latched to the upper corner 60 formed by the end of the upper wall 50, so as together to form the remaining side wall of the cassette 10. In this respect, a latching pin 62 may be provided to pass through aperture tabs 64 in the free end of each gate, and corresponding apertures on the cassette.
The inner surface of the walls of the cassette may also be provided with formations such as runners 66 and recesses 68 which are each aligned with a gate to facilitate insertion and/or removal of an element such as a lens mount 70 or a filter mount 72, each of which are square in shape and arranged to fit closely within the cassette via the gates. Further examples include an “egg crate”, which is intended to reduce or prevent sideways light spill, in this example three gates are provided for optionally mounting three elements in the cassette. The front-most gate 57 has a front plate 74 which is configured to complete a circular aperture in the front of the cassette with the front face member 54.
A shutter arrangement 76 may be attached to the front of the cassette, having an aperture 78 for aligning with the aperture formed by the front face member 54 and front plate 57 of the cassette 10. The shutter arrangement 76 is also square in shape, and has pairs of shutter members 80, commonly known as barn doors, pivotally attached to each edge.
In use, the lighting unit has the advantage that, due to the frame arrangement, it is lightweight and does not become very hot. Thus the shutter arrangement 76 does not heat up and become warped, which can lead to it falling off. Because of this, previous ‘barn doors’ have required a tether attaching them to the body of the light for safety reasons. Thus the shutters according to this invention may be attached in any orientation and may more easily be manipulated in use of the unit. Furthermore the support does not become hot so may easily be adjusted. Also the cassette provides ease of changing the elements required to condition the light, and helps to eliminate gaps around the side of the unit.
Furthermore, the lightweight structure and lack of significant heating of the lighting unit allows the unit to be hung directed vertically downward at a location, such as on a set. For example, a plurality of lighting units may be suspended to provide an ambient daylight effect in an efficient manner, without suffering the drawbacks associated with overheating that current lighting units have. With prior lighting units, if they face downwardly, heat from the light tends to build in the reflector and may even cause melting.
Any system feature as described herein may also be provided as a method feature, and vice versa. As used herein, means plus function features may be expressed alternatively in terms of their corresponding structure.
Any feature in one aspect of the invention may be applied to other aspects of the invention, in any appropriate combination. In particular, method aspects may be applied to system aspects, and vice versa. Furthermore, any, some and/or ail features in one aspect can be applied to any, some and/or all features in any other aspect, appropriate combination.
It should also be appreciated that particular combinations of the various features described and defined in any aspects of the invention can be implemented and/or supplied and/or used independently.