DIGITAL THERAPEUTICS AND BIOMARKERS WITH ADJUSTABLE BIOSTREAM SELF-SELECTING SYSTEM (ABSS)
1. A system of networked devices that provide adaptive therapeutic plans, the processing being performed over a network to provide communication interface amongst the networked devices, the system comprising:
- the network over which a plurality of networked devices communicate;
a server processor device within the network, wherein the server processor device includes a set of server instructions on a non-transitory server processor memory, when executed by the server processor device, configure the server processor device to;
receive input from a user of an application resident on a client processor device, wherein the input is used by the server processor device to select a therapeutic plan;
transmit the therapeutic plan to the client processor device, wherein the therapeutic plan includes a subset of data source configurations;
a client processor device having a comparator portion, a controller portion, and a configuration profile manager portion, wherein the client processor device includes a set of client instructions on a non-transitory client device memory, the set of client instructions, when executed by the client processor device, configure the client device to;
update the application on the client processor device with the therapeutic plan;
activate the configuration profile manager portion, wherein the configuration profile manager portion selects a data configuration profile from a plurality of data configuration profiles on the client processor device based on the selected therapeutic plan and the subset of data source configurations;
activate the controller portion, wherein the controller portion controls the precision of at least one data source from a plurality of data sources available to the client processor device based on the selected data configuration profile;
activate a comparator portion, wherein the comparator portion combines data from the controller portion;
receive a plurality of informatic data from at least one data source and using the selected data configuration profile and the at least one controller to generate at least one personalized observed data instance; and
process the at least one personalized observed data instance through the comparator to adapt the therapeutic plan to a personalized therapeutic plan.
A system and method for an adjustable bio-stream self-selecting system. Through a plethora of inputs, the system associates therapeutic recipes and associated biomarker in a personalized approach to recommending an individual to a specific therapeutic program. Therapeutic programs operate in accordance with personalized inputs suggested by the user and through digital markers and biomarkers, which trigger new recommendations by “knowing” the individual. Each bio-stream contains information utilized within these biomarkers to trigger additional therapy recommendations. Because of the complexity of the plurality of inputs, these biomarkers are managed in a way that enables low latency detections, low bandwidth needs, low processing needs, and less battery needs. The pre-processing of these biomarkers helps additional therapy management and precision medicine across larger global population needs of the system.
- 1. A system of networked devices that provide adaptive therapeutic plans, the processing being performed over a network to provide communication interface amongst the networked devices, the system comprising:
the network over which a plurality of networked devices communicate; a server processor device within the network, wherein the server processor device includes a set of server instructions on a non-transitory server processor memory, when executed by the server processor device, configure the server processor device to; receive input from a user of an application resident on a client processor device, wherein the input is used by the server processor device to select a therapeutic plan; transmit the therapeutic plan to the client processor device, wherein the therapeutic plan includes a subset of data source configurations; a client processor device having a comparator portion, a controller portion, and a configuration profile manager portion, wherein the client processor device includes a set of client instructions on a non-transitory client device memory, the set of client instructions, when executed by the client processor device, configure the client device to; update the application on the client processor device with the therapeutic plan; activate the configuration profile manager portion, wherein the configuration profile manager portion selects a data configuration profile from a plurality of data configuration profiles on the client processor device based on the selected therapeutic plan and the subset of data source configurations; activate the controller portion, wherein the controller portion controls the precision of at least one data source from a plurality of data sources available to the client processor device based on the selected data configuration profile; activate a comparator portion, wherein the comparator portion combines data from the controller portion; receive a plurality of informatic data from at least one data source and using the selected data configuration profile and the at least one controller to generate at least one personalized observed data instance; and process the at least one personalized observed data instance through the comparator to adapt the therapeutic plan to a personalized therapeutic plan.
- View Dependent Claims (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)
- 8. A method for dynamically adapting and displaying at least one therapeutic plan on a recipient processor device within a network of a plurality of connected devices, the method comprising:
receiving, by a server processor device, input from the recipient processor device of a user of a therapeutic application resident on the recipient processor device; selecting, by a server processor device, at least one therapeutic plan based on the input received from the recipient processor device; transmitting the at least one therapeutic plan to the recipient processor device, wherein the therapeutic plan includes a subset of data source configurations; receiving, by the recipient processor device, the at least one therapeutic plan and updating the therapeutic application resident on the recipient processor device with the at least one therapeutic plan; activating, by the recipient processor device, a configuration profile manager for managing the selection of a data configuration profile from a plurality of data configuration profiles resident on the recipient processor device, wherein the selected data configuration profile manager is determined based on the at least one therapeutic plan and the subset of data source configurations; activating, by the recipient processor device, at least one controller for controlling the precision of at least one data source from a plurality of data sources based on the selected data configuration profile; activating, by the recipient processor device, a comparator for combining data from the at least one controller; observing a plurality of informatic data from at least one data source from the plurality of data sources and using the selected data configuration profile and the at least one controller to generate at least one observed data instance; processing the at least one observed data instance through the comparator to generate at least one combined data instance; adapting, by the recipient processor device, the at least one selected therapeutic plan on the recipient processor device to the at least one personalized therapeutic plan based on the at least one combined data instance.
- View Dependent Claims (9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14)
- 15. A device for dynamically adapting and displaying at least one personalized therapeutic plan, comprising:
a processor including instructions on a non-transitory computer medium, the non-transitory computer medium constituted by one or more data storage mediums; the instructions, when executed by the processor, configures the recipient device to; activate at least one controller for controlling the precision of at least one data signal from a plurality of data sources; activate a biostream comparator for combining data from the at least one controller; a therapeutic plan resident on device and associated with a user of the device; a plurality of biomarker configuration profiles resident on the device; activate a biomarker configuration profile manager, the biomarker configuration profile manager using the therapeutic plan to select one of the plurality of biomarker configuration profiles; initialize the device to observe a plurality of bioinformatic data from the plurality of data sources and using the selected biomarker configuration profile and the at least one controller to generate at least one configured biostream; process the at least one configured biostream through the comparator to generate at least one biomarker; and updating, by a therapeutic plan manager, the at least one personalized therapeutic plan based on the at least one biomarker.
- View Dependent Claims (16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30)
The present invention relates to the field of digital therapeutics and the adjustment of software applications and software modules using biomarkers and biosignature files, and more specifically an adjustable biostream self-selecting system (ABSS). Through a plethora of inputs, the system associates therapeutic recipes and associated biomarkers in a personalized approach to recommending an individual to a specific therapeutic program. Therapeutic programs operate in accordance with personalized inputs suggested by the user, and through digital markers and biomarkers, trigger new recommendations by “knowing” the individual. Each bio-stream contains information utilized within these biomarkers to trigger additional therapy recommended such as behavioral or medicinal pharmacogenomics advisory suggestions through phenotyping and supplemental omics, such as epigenomics through epigenetic factors, which could result in findings such as cancer. Because of the complexity of the plurality of inputs, these biomarkers are managed in a way that enables low latency detections, low bandwidth needs, low processing needs, and less battery needs. The pre-processing of these biomarkers helps additional therapy management and precision medicine across larger global population needs of the system.
Current health related technological environments and services include user device applications and other platforms which collect bioinformatic data. These known systems use the bioinformatic data to create therapeutic plans to treat certain types of diseases and ailments, for example.
These current collection applications/software collect all information related to the user. However, current bioinformatic data systems are inefficient in several areas. First, current systems collect and process unnecessary data which is not relevant to the therapeutic plan. The collection and processing of unnecessary data is both inefficient from a processing standpoint and clogs networks with unnecessary data and communications. The unnecessary processing and data also consume power and the processing time of many devices. These inefficiencies cost both the provider and user.
In addition, known systems have no, or very limited, ability to learn specifics about the user or recipient, and how to apply known aspects to create tailored therapeutic plans or tailored therapeutic applications. Ideally, a system could tailor an application and therapeutic plans ideally configured and suited to treat each person with their unique health needs.
Therefore, technical improvements and solutions are needed to overcome these technical problems while accommodating the evolving needs of users. The systems and methods of the present invention provide such improvements.
The present invention provides a network, system, or device for dynamically adapting and displaying at least one personalized therapeutic plan, comprising: a processor including instructions on a non-transitory computer medium, the non-transitory computer medium constituted by one or more data storage mediums; the instructions, when executed by the processor, configures the recipient device to: activate at least one controller for controlling the precision of at least one data signal; activate a biostream comparator for combining data from the at least one controller unit; a therapeutic plan resident on device and associated with a user of the device; a plurality of biomarker configuration profiles resident on the device; activate a biomarker configuration profile manager, the biomarker configuration profile manager using the therapeutic plan to select one of the plurality of biomarker configuration profiles; initialize the device to observe a plurality of bioinformatic data from a plurality of data sources and using the selected biomarker configuration profile and the at least one controller to generate at least one configured biostream; process the at least one configured biostream through the comparator to generate at least one biomarker; and updating, by a therapeutic plan manager, the therapeutic plan based on the at least one biomarker.
The network, system or device can then update the therapeutic plan by a therapeutic plan manager selecting a new therapeutic plan, or by modifying the existing therapeutic plan. The device (i.e. client device) can be in bi-directional communication with the plurality of data sources, and the plurality of data sources can include one or more sensors. Further, the plurality of data sources may be comprised of one or more directly observed data sources, passively observed data sources, indirectly observed data sources, publicly observed data sources, or comparatively observed data sources.
The present invention may use the biomarker configuration profile or profiles to interact with the controller to control the data sources or sensors. The controller can control the data streams or sensors by activating or deactivating the data streams or sensors. The controller can refine or control the data streams or sensors in a myriad of ways including smoothing the biostream signal, generating a signal derivative, or detecting signal peaks. The therapeutic plan resident on the device can be selected by the user during initialization or selected or installed by the system or processor during initialization. The biomarker or biomarkers generated by the system can be used to configure the software application configuration profile of the application resident on the device. The application having at least one therapeutic application module. Further, the biomarker or biomarkers can be used to instruct a therapeutic module manager to configure the application with at least one therapeutic application module which might include initiating an update of the application to include the at least one therapeutic application module.
The present invention also provides a system of networked devices that provide adaptive therapeutic plans, with the processing being performed over a network, to provide communication interface amongst the networked devices. Each of the devices in the network is in the form of a tangibly embodied computer processor, with each computer processor including instructions on a non-transitory computer memory. The system comprises the network over which a plurality of networked devices communicate and a biostream processor device including biostream instructions. When the biostream instructions are executed by the biostream processor device, they configure the biostream processor device to: activate at least one controller for controlling the precision of a data signal (which may the one of the bioinformatic data sources); activate a biostream comparator for combining data from the at least one controller; activate a biomarker configuration profile manager, the biomarker configuration profile manager selecting a therapeutic plan, from a plurality of therapeutic plans, to select a biomarker configuration profile from a plurality of biomarker configuration profiles; initialize the plurality of connected devices to observe a plurality of bioinformatic data from a plurality of data sources and using the selected biomarker configuration profile and the at least one controller to generate at least one configured biostream; and process the at least one configured biostream through the comparator to generate at least one biomarker;
A client device including client instructions, when executed by the client device, configure the client device to: communicate with the biomarker processor device to receive the at least on biomarker, the at least one configured biostream, and the selected therapeutic plan; select one or more therapeutic modules available to the client device, based on the selected therapeutic plan and the at least one biomarker, to configure a therapeutic application resident on the client device; and adapt the selected therapeutic plan on the client device by adapting the one or more therapeutic module in the configured therapeutic application based on observed data from the configured biostream.
The present invention also provides a device for dynamically adapting and displaying at least one personalized therapeutic plan. The device has a processor including instructions on a non-transitory computer medium, the non-transitory computer medium constituted by one or more data storage mediums. The instructions, when executed by the processor configures the recipient device to: conduct a scan to identify at least one health data biostream available and related to a recipient associated with the device; receive a communication having at least one biosignature data file and a plurality of biomarker attributes, the biomarker attributes having a plurality of therapeutic profile configuration attributes; analyze the at least one biosignature data file, the plurality of biomarker attributes, and the plurality of therapeutic profile configuration attributes to generate a personalized therapeutic profile for the recipient; determine a final therapeutic application configuration using the personalized therapeutic profile, for a therapeutic application resident on the device and consisting of at least one therapeutic related module contained within the therapeutic application; generate at least one therapeutic plan available through the therapeutic application based on the personalized therapeutic profile and the final therapeutic application configuration; generate at least one biostream configuration profile based on the at least one health data biostream and the at least one therapeutic plan; select, by a therapeutic plan manager, one of the at least one therapeutic plan; select, by a biostream configuration profile manager, one of the at least one biostream configuration profiles based on the selected at least one therapeutic plan, and control the filtering of data of the at least one health data biostream.
The present invention also provides a method for dynamically adapting and displaying at least one personalized therapeutic plan on a recipient device within a network of networked devices. The method comprises: activating, by a biostream processor device, at least one controller for controlling the precision of at least one data signal (which may the one of the bioinformatic data sources); activating, by the biostream processor device, a biostream comparator for combining data from the at least one controller; selecting, by the biostream processor device, an initial therapeutic plan, from a plurality of therapeutic plans; selecting, by the biostream processor device, a biomarker configuration profile from a plurality of biomarker configuration profiles; initializing, by the biostream processor device, the plurality of connected devices to observe a plurality of bioinformatic data from a plurality of data sources and using the selected biomarker configuration profile and the at least one controller to generate at least one configured biostream; process the at least one configured biostream through the comparator to generate at least one biomarker; transmitting, by the biostream processor device to a client device, the at least one configured biostream and the selected therapeutic plan; selecting, by the client device, one or more therapeutic modules available to the client device from the network, based on the selected therapeutic plan and the at least one biomarker, to configure a therapeutic application resident on the client device; and adapting, by the client device, the selected therapeutic plan on the client device by adapting the one or more therapeutic module in the configured therapeutic application based on observed data from the configured biostream.
The present invention can be more fully understood by reading the following detailed description together with the accompanying drawings, in which like reference indicators are used to designate like elements, and in which:
Hereinafter, aspects of the methods and associated systems in accordance with various embodiments of the invention will be described. As used herein, any term in the singular may be interpreted to be in the plural, and alternatively, any term in the plural may be interpreted to be in the singular. It is appreciated that features of one embodiment as described herein may be used in conjunction with other embodiments. The present invention can be more fully understood by reading the following detailed description together with the accompanying drawings, in which like reference indicators are used to designate like elements.
Therapeutics are created by an admin, or a user of the system as an admin, by both customizing therapy and program builder recipes or creating new therapy and program builder recipes from scratch. Multiple therapy recipes that exist define very specific biomarkers and digital markers for collection and engagement with the individual. The program builder is a system component that allows the admin to create a personalized experience for engaging with a set of therapeutic recipes with consent, content and personalization. All of the therapeutic recipes or plans are fully customized to be displayed prominently in the individual'"'"'s gallery while launching the application for the first time, with continued engagement and recommended programs for the individual to be part of. Therapeutics and related areas of health/wellness include, Bone/Osteoporosis, Immunology, Orthopaedics, Cardiovascular, Infectious diseases, Pulmonology, Central Nervous System (CNT), Inflammation, Psychiatry, Dermatology, Internal diseases, Respiratory, Diabetes, Metabolic diseases, Rheumatology, Endocrinology, Nephrology, Surgery, Ear Nose Throat (ENT), Neurology, Urology, Gastroenterology, Oncology, Vaccines, Hematology, Ophthalmology, Thrombosis.
The therapeutic plans and modules are delivered to the individual when they go to the web application or mobile application client, login or register, and select a particular therapeutic program from the gallery. Such a program could be specific to a group/organization, a disease, a genomic trait, or some ideal state that the individual would like to aspire to.
Sequence 2—Detect 20 shows a continued procedure where the individual'"'"'s needs are continuously reviewed for digital markers and biomarkers. Sequence 2—Detect 20 continuously collects, observes and surveys data inputs 21 by measuring an individual'"'"'s behaviors, their patterns through data sources and biomarker samples, which produces suggested improvements 24 through intervention recommendations and measurable objectives and can feed into sequence 1—Identify 14 and repeats the workflow 12. The data collections, observations and survey data inputs 21 undergo continuous review 25 to ensure the most accurate and applicable therapeutic programs measurable objectives are being met by the individual. The continuous review 25 can cause the machine learning 17 to refine accuracy through data observations, compare biomarkers, behaviors and patterns to a selected therapeutic plan and make new therapeutic plan recommendations 19 for all users of the system. The machine learning 17 will intervene and make personalized suggestions and engagements for an individual'"'"'s improvement 24 of the currently selected therapeutic programs that focus on following of measurable objectives of each therapeutic plan within that program.
An individual'"'"'s usage of a therapeutic, is their continued usage of the program wherein it collects biomarkers, bioinformatics data stream (referred to as biostream) samples either computer-assistive reporting or self-reporting, and by managing the engagement messages to help drive outcomes through the interventions applied by the program. An individual'"'"'s continued success can then be measured and return of value for positive reinforcement.
The different therapies monitored within the therapeutics described include but are not limited to surgery support, cancer survivorship, disease management such as diabetes, fitness habits such as physical therapy, mental wellness such as depression, eating habits such as dieting, addiction reprieve such as opiates, social support such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and sleep habits such as insomnia or apnea. The therapeutic models and modules monitor biomarkers/markers such as cardiac related, respiratory related, neuro related, physical related, environmental related and additional interactions.
The system also builds personality models for the user in order to determine the correct therapeutics. The personality models include appearance relevancy, feature relevancy, and personalized profiles. The personalized profiles include personality type, gender identification, general user demographics, common locations, ownership details, measured environment and environment exposure, measured physiology such as vital, electronic health records (EHR) and omics, measured activities such as assessments, electronic patient reported outcomes (ePRO), and task, and measured economy. Omics is Studying scientific areas of medicine and biology such as the genome in genomics, or nutrition in nutrigenomics—study of the genome and the interaction with nutrition with regard to treatment and prevention, and pharma in pharmacogenomics—study of the genome in drug response; these among other omics allow for phenotyping traits and biomarkers for therapeutics at a precision level. The ability to develop and broaden biomarkers and bioinformatics defines linkages and relationships to many other studies, which include supporting: epigenomics—studying the variability of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and modifications through phenotype plasticity and gene regulation, among more specific areas like the proteome in proteomics—study of proteins, and the metabolome in metabolomics—study of metabolites. Other omics could include, biointeractomics, interactomics, lifeomics, calciomics, chemogenomics, foodomics, lipidomics, metabolomics, bionomics, econogenomics, connectomics, culturomics, cytogenomics, fermentanomics, fluxomics, metagenomics, metabonomics, metallomics, O-glcNAcomics, glycomics, glycoproteomics, glycosaminoglycanomics, immunoproteomics, ionomics, materiomics, metalloproteomics, metaproteogenomics, metaproteomics, metatranscriptomics, metronomics, microbiomics, microeconomics, microgenomics, microproteomics, miRomics, mitogenomics, mitoproteomics, mobilomics, morphomics, nanoproteomics, neuroeconomics, neurogenomics, neuromics, neuropeptidomics, neuroproteomics, nitroproteomics, nutrigenomics, nutrimetabonomics, oncogenomics, orthoproteomics, pangenomics, peptidomics, pharmacoeconomics, pharmacometabolomics, pharmacoproteomics, pharmaeconomics, phenomics, phospholipidomics, phosphoproteomics, phylogenomics, phylotranscriptomics, phytomics, postgenomics, proteogenomics, proteomics, radiogenomics, rehabilomics, retrophylogenomics, secretomics, surfaceomics, surfomics, toxicogenomics, toxicometabolomics, toxicoproteomics, transcriptomics, vaccinomics, variomics, venomics, antivenomics, agrigenomics, aquaphotomics.
Personalization can be due to multiple reasons such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the genetic variation and microbiome composition. The recommended gallery 18 allows a device to be a specifically tailored application with very specific tailored sub programs. The recommended gallery 18 is a process by which the system takes the application and looks at sub-programs in the gallery. The system then chooses the best subprogram in a selection and refinement process. Ultimately, the user ends up with a very specific tailored application with very specific tailored sub-programs that has the specific therapeutics that are most relevant to the user.
One important aspect of the present invention is the system'"'"'s ability to decide what to data to process and how to minimize (or maximize the efficiency of) certain processing resources. The system has the ability to be selective in the collection of data, filtering of data, or refinement of data it collects and processes. A common issue with large pools of data is the in ability to sort such large amounts of data and the inability to find accurate or useful data. The system of the present invention is able to decide which data to restrict, reduce, filter, or process to focus the collection of data to truly important data. Sometimes it is not the data that is important but the transition between one data element or type to the next. The system makes use of one or more types of configuration profiles of files. One important type of configuration profile which is tied to the recipient and the therapeutic plan is a data configuration profile which enables the system to match data needs to the components or sensors available. This bioinformatics data configuration enables the system to turn on/off, activate/deactivate, adjust signal parameters for signal averaging and latencies through Fourier transforms and signal-to-noise ratios for signal smoothing or vary the sampling frequencies and duty cycle of the signal sampling durations of device components, sensors, and other inputs or outputs as necessary. The system looks at what data comes into the devices, how data comes in, and whether the data can be processed up front, and if the data can be compared or optimized through a manager, controller, or comparator. The system can process, compare and refine data to configure data in the form of one or more biomarkers associated with the recipient or user of a device. The data can be configured through one or more multi-set rules or process which might also allow the data or files to be stored and used locally so the device can work in an offline mode. The system or device may need an offline mode capability because being online all the time costs: latency of signal processing across a network, bandwidth requirements for reducing latencies and managing storage needs, total system network processing, battery utilized in managing data transactions and network status and messaging needs, and money in terms of data usage and cost of operating; or a network may not be available resulting in delay of care as the therapeutic plan needs to be active in order to deliver a continually engaging system of record. The present invention also enables the system to make a smarter internet-of-things (IOT) framework specific to biomarkers and therapeutics.
As shown in
Within the biomarker data 60, therein includes trainer questions, answers, images 62, trainer mapping, relevancy mapping, and personality mappings 64, and trainer devices e.g. mobile, tablet, PC 66.
The relational data 70 includes Omics, including: Genomics, Nutrigenomics, Pharmacogenomics, Genetics, Genome Mapping, Gene Sequencing, Epigenomics, Proteogenomics, Metabolomics 72, Genealogy (genes, carrier, traits, risks), Phenotyping, SNPs, and ancestry data 74, and personality mapping data 76. Personality mapping data 76 may include data on personality types, such as whether a recipient is open to experiences, consciousness, extroversion, agreeableness, neuroticism, and other known types.
The recipient measurement section 80 includes health sensors 81, proximity sensors 82, environmental sensors 83, background data 84, personality data (type matching) 85, and recipient devices 86. Health sensors 81 might include things like heart rate and weight monitoring of data and would provide physiological data measurements. The proximity sensors 82 might include things like location sensors and devices with location tracking data and would provide activity related data measurements. The environmental sensor 83 would include sensors measuring temperature, time, passively sensed, ancillary, or other directly reported data sources relevant to contextual cues and measured environment data. The background and recipient historical data 84 might include specific longitudinal history of the recipient, including genomics, and family history. The personality data 85 might include personality type matching information. Recipient devices 86 might include the types of devices such as mobile, tablet, pc, the operating systems within those devices, and how they are used and the device as a sensor.
The external crowdsourced section 90 might include real time data 92, medical data 94 and location data 96. The real time data 92 might include data such as weather or trending news, and would provide economic related data measurements. The medical data 94 might include historical data, trending data in terms of population (upward and downward risks, emerging, outbreaks, epidemic, and pandemic) and demographic data. The location data 96 might include occurrence data, trending data, and interests.
In addition, as seen in
Further, the crowdsourced service provider data 110 may include direct care 112, public safety 114, public health 116, and network health 118. The direct care 112 would include devices and data for the direct care, which provides information that is de-identified by a recipient'"'"'s doctor or physician'"'"'s assistant. Public safety 114 would include devices and data such as police and fire or water and power through varying channels like public broadcast information. Public health 116 would include devices and data such as local hospitals, ambulatory and CDC information. The network health 118 would include devices and data based on internet connections, internet or provider health, uptime, and other similar network and communication-based information.
The network 50 includes interaction amongst application section 60, relational section 70, recipient measurement section 80, external crowdsourced section 90, internal crowdsourced recipient section 100, and crowdsourced service provider section 110 as used by the User Responsive Dynamic Architecture 53 to help formulate the ideal display for different users based on relevancy mapping 102, personality mapping 104 and other recipient-based elements to provide display of content relevant and related to the specific recipient.
Categories of sensors can be grouped to simplify controls and triggers when enabling a set of sensors. These sensor classifiers 129 help define rule definition guides for these sensors and can create a layer of abstraction when hardware may have variations in its implementation across platforms or components. Sensor classifiers 129 give the system the ability to model data with meaningful classifiers, and allow the system to turn on and off sensors as needed based on classification. The sensor types include, but are not limited to: audio, networking, phone, environment, positioning & activity, and user storage and instructions.
The biomarkers pre-processing tags (predictors) 131 encompasses digital markers and biomarkers predictors that define situations and sensors of sensor systems are predictive of events. The present invention includes instructions for the system to identify candidate biomarkers and combine them into biosignatures predictive of the susceptibility or resilience to the development of chronic pain or diseases.
The events that the biomarker preprocessing tags 131 predict may include, utilizing audio sensors, location and some physiological detection to determine that an individual is sleeping or watching television. Sound detection is a common method for analyzing frequencies present and associating them to specific elements through classifying elements like the sound a bird makes, versus a train versus higher ultrasonic sounds from a television or an electric toothbrush. Sounds like Odors or Scents are very unique. Other patterns can include specific duty cycle behaviors that are recognized when utilizing the phone in a specific way, or how the phone is detected through its movements from the individual utilizing the equipment. These feature classifications help identify or ID key information about users.
When these suggestive tags are recognized they can be sent for further analysis of a therapeutic. These predictive markers or biomarker'"'"'s raw predictive data can either be discarded or forwarded during specific conditions (i.e. every 24 hours when the individual is connected to Wi-Fi versus cellular and when other optimal conditions occur such as bitrate should be more than a specified number of bits per second and should consume no more than a specified percentage of total bandwidth utilized by the phone). Raw data can also be compressed for offline storage while preparing for a later upload. The raw data is helpful in defining which outliers may be causing false positives, and as a system, the therapeutic biomarker configuration and associated biosignatures can be updated across all users of the system if sufficient trends are discovered. Further reducing false positives is necessary to continue to reduce bandwidth, processing and storage needs. Additionally, if a given biomarker is subsequently driving an engagement to an individual, accuracy improvements may further create a positive experience as the individual continues to adopt and engage with the application.
The application can be configured to be biomarker driven for health informatics and therapeutics. The application can also be configured for a specific use case including, for example, how to apply IoT to therapeutics and other health domains.
Once digital biomarkers predictors are prepared and transmitted, these are utilized within therapeutic engagement post-processing determination 133 as behavioral use cases that are defined as a personalized recipe for the individual. These therapies can be across various areas such as physical wellbeing, mental wellness, food disorders, substance abuses, social avoidances, and sleep complications. The predictors are then validated through recipes and combined through personalized behaviors and relational data to form biosignatures that can be crowdsourced across comparative phenotypes related to varying omics.
If outcomes are not achieved, then suggestions can be made to further search for the best method in working with the individual and their participation. The individual is part of the overall system as a feedback loop. The system is attempting to determine how best to personalize to the individual, collect data from the individual, detect markers and biomarkers of the individual and then determine how they correlate to a given therapy.
If there are predictors of success or failure, the system must react by bolstering the behavior or by interchanging alternate routines or therapy modules that may provide improved success rates based on biosignature trends and biomarkers across other engaging crowd-sourced information data sources.
Cancer survivors struggle with prolonged engagement utilizing mobile applications and interventions applicable. The system allows the ability to adapt to the needs of an individual as insights and predictors of specific use cases in order to drive better engagement and thereby interventions. Some of the use cases for cancer survivors that will help drive these outcomes include: risk of depression, alertness or fatigue, social avoidances, and pain tolerances. In predicting psychiatric problems, data observation leads to developing behavioral profiles and digital phenotypes as biomarkers. These degrees of digital markers are collected through various observations and feedback, such as: sleep observation, cognitive observation, social observation, and self-reported feedback.
Depression is a common mood disorder that can be inclusive of multiple factors as biomarkers and digital markers. This includes changes in sleep patterns such as sleeping too late or as sleep duration exceeds a specified limit. There may be a diminished ability to concentrate, lack of energy and lack of enjoyment in typical activities. Such diminishing activities include further social avoidance or staying inside too much and not communicating with the outside world.
Alertness is a state of attentive behavior and a measure of fatigue that can be inclusive of situations arising like lack of sleep or insomnia/disrupted sleeping, avoiding stimulants like alcohol, opioids, and tobacco; and being balanced with exercise and nutrition. Changes in mobile phone usage can be a predictor of alertness levels changing.
Avoidances is a coping mechanism characterized as being inclusive of social, ability to leave the home or domicile, and lack of overall communication as a means to reduce stressors. Decreased mobility here is considered a marker for avoidances.
Pain tolerance is an experienced characteristic that can be impacted by decreased cognition, reduction in sleep duration, increased fatigue, and reduced social interactions or social isolation. This can be self-reported by individuals using a Likert scale to measure the degree of pain that they are feeling as a measure of their current tolerance. Additionally, utilizing social markers can be predictors for changes in pain tolerances.
Of these observation areas, there is a direct correlation between measurements of sleep, cognition and social communication. Some of the biomarkers and digital markers include; sleep duration, cognition testing, location classification, along with many contextual markers from bioinformatic data sources like noise, light, temp, radio frequencies (RF), phone activity and other variants.
Sleep duration is an important metric; it is the time that the individual is asleep, not just in bed. There are many sleep attributes that are subjective such as sleep stage and sleep quality. However, sleep duration is very much objective; both in a sleep lab and through varying sensors and passively sensed information that can be utilized. In general, a person is said to be sleeping well with more than 6 to 7 hours of sleep in a given day depending on age; this is outside of napping or awakenings and only speaks to total time asleep in a given day. Sleep duration as a measure is needed to increase alertness and other cognitive behaviors required for social interactions and healthy living. Established research concludes that the timing, duration and structure of an individual'"'"'s sleep can be illustrative of circadian phase. One such sensor measure of sleep is sleep actigraphy. Sleep actigraphy can help detect sleep cycles and sleep duration. A marker for sleep deficits and sleep surplus durations would be collected for additional correlated cognitive and homestay limits.
Cognition testing involves using games like balloon reactionary time in popping the balloons and how that can change from day to day and hour to hour. PTSD and cancer survivorship are interlinked in the way an individual reacts throughout the day to varying stimuli. A test in the morning followed by a test in the evening may be sufficient. One such sensor measure of cognition is measuring risk, which can be measured using BART (Balloon Analogue Risk Task) and can subsequently measure reaction time and response to risk.
Location classification can be defined as a de-identified method to your current location either using global positioning systems (GPS), received signal strength indicators (RSSI) proximity tracking from Wi-Fi, Cellular or Bluetooth among other tracking sensor systems and show information about where you are rather that the exact location. For instance, knowing you are at the pub or a church are important cues that could describe a social relevance but also an addictive risk potential based on the location. Likewise, a library or your home might show an anti-social perspective that given enough duration day to day could stimulate engagement techniques to drive individuals to more conversational areas of interest. Tracking reported models like time spent against specific locations assist predictive biomarkers for possible risks such as a homestay risk.
Contextual markers help with the overall awareness of how to interpret information like physiological data. For instance, if sleep is disrupted, was it disrupted by noises like trains or snoring, or light because of an alarm or an airplane, or temp due to a dysfunctional heating, ventilation and air conditioning unit (HVAC). This can be helpful when reviewing varying disparate sources for a given therapy or biomarker that can dictate engagement levels. Sensors capable of measuring audible decibel levels, interpreting measured audio data, measuring luminance lux, interpreting measured light wavelengths, measuring temperature and gases or particles in the environment surrounding an individual.
Radio Frequency (RF) sampling can help with positional or proximity guidance inside of a home when considering Wi-Fi Bluetooth and cellular examples. This can give a relative guidance to social interactions like being in a public area when GPS isn'"'"'t shared, and the increase Wi-Fi hotspots or nearby mobile phones and wearables increase or decrease in availability.
Phone activity can help in determining if the user is constantly using the phone, an app, or nearby other phones. For instance, on Android, and with mobile carrier specific application programming interfaces (APIs) we can determine the phone usage based on the call classification to a specific location like a pizza delivery restaurant. If an individual is always inside but not traveling to any location, and they are commonly calling delivery phone numbers, it might be a case of avoidance or depression depending on their case. Just knowing, for instance on a reduced permitted subset of phone usage details, such as iOS, that the individual is in a phone call can also be helpful as it can point to reaching out or a social need to connect in some environments or it can point to a reoccurring pattern of usage in behavior when considered overall or with other situations like riskier tendencies occurring when the user is at the pub and making frequent calls suggest intoxication. Overall, the ability to measure changes in phone usage behaviors will help with comparative analysis to other markers, for example, increased usage when there is a decrease in pain versus pain tolerance.
These biomarkers and digital markers assist the system in continued insights to suggest interventions and re-engagement messages that continue to complement the usage of the application and system while collecting additional bioinformatics. The system allows for an intervention to continue data observations in parallel with this.
A bioinformatics data stream, or Biostream 182, traditionally refers to a real-time biomedical and health care data stream. These biostreams 182 provide a compendium of data aggregated using health-monitoring devices or data generated and captured in EMR and other health care software systems during ambulatory care, inpatient visits, or any health data monitoring period, which may aid in diagnosis, prognosis, interventions and stratifications. A biostream is the plurality of signal inputs aggregated through the client as a time domain controller where biostreams have varying degrees of sampling methods, enablement practices and are utilized to generate biomarkers for use in observation and intervention of a given therapeutic plan. The present system uses a vast array of sensors to capture biostream 182 data on a continuous basis, not just during ambulatory or inpatient visits. These sensors may include heart rate monitoring, scales, GPS sensors, etc.
The user or recipient'"'"'s device may be used to capture the biostream data, or the system'"'"'s network of devices can be used to capture or receive data. Such data can be directly observed, passively observed, indirectly observed, publicly observed, or comparatively observed. Directly observed data is typically through reported data sources by means of a device privately connectable to a data source such as, for example, a wearable patch measuring EKG or EEG, or a handheld remote blood analysis sensor for analyzing ketone levels for cancer patients, diabetics and others. Passively observed data is typically through reported data sources by means of a personally inferred privately collectable data source such as, for example, a mobile phone, or a local application reporting EHR data. Indirectly observed data is typically through reported data sources by means of a remotely reported private data source, such as, for example, a sleep reporting web service connector of an in-bed sleep sensor, or genomic reported lab data. Publicly observed data is typically through reported data sources by means of an only available data source, such as an environmental reporting service of local and globally available sensor data, or common phenotyping attributes. Comparatively observed data is typically through an in-system multi-individual data source, such as local data lake.
The system can manage the precision of biostreams by implementing a comparator and a controller for a given biomarker configuration. Through the use of selected therapeutic 186 plans a biomarker profile manager selects one of a plurality of biomarker configuration profiles on the user device. The selected biomarker configuration profile interacts with the biostream data comparator processor and a biostream controller to generate the plurality of biostreams that will generate the biomarker. A biostream controller or controller unit controls signal input precision for biostreams by configuring, smoothing, creating signal acquisition derivatives, and peak detection. A comparator or comparator unit filters data from the controller with configuration while specifying signal enablement for bioinformatics data streams based on required needs of the biomarker. A biomarker processor unit receives the derived data from the comparator and controller for the identified therapeutic plan.
Through use of the biostream controller and a biostream comparator; the client side or device system is able to adapt to the following needs of the therapeutic plan and biomarker. Another benefit of the present invention is the trade-off in signal response time versus signal interpolation error which can be mitigated by increasing the responsiveness, by adjusting for a lower sampling rate, or by decreasing smoothing while detecting signal derivatives to adjust the dynamic responsiveness of disparate signals.
Sensing input stream 201 includes raw data from sensor “1” 203, sensor “2” 204, sensor “3” 205, and the biomarker configuration 206. Each biomarker configuration 206 is a package 216 that combines files for each of the stream configuration 217, classifiers for comparator/optimizer 223 and biomarker tags 235 for detecting in an offline engagement. The sensor information may include varying data sources like GPS data, screen time, an individual'"'"'s steps, etc. Once the raw data is observed the information is sent to the stream configuration 210.
Based on these inputs the stream configuration 210,
The system 200 can support multiple stream configuration files 210 as they are tied to the rules required for the biomarker configuration 206. Multiple biomarkers 206 may require multiple streams, in cases where there are multiple needs for the same stream, the highest precision during the specific time domain wins.
As seen in
The classifier and recording triggers biomarker configuration file 223, and can indicate many types of classifiers, rules, recording events handled by the incoming streams from Biostream 213,214, and 215. For example, if there is a location classifier, for instance that describes the location as a library, church, school or restaurant; this could be based on the precision reporting of a sensor like Sensor “1” 203 collected through biostream 213. Alternate sensors could be IP location identification, RF/RSSI proximity and triangulation between wireless sources like Wi-Fi or Bluetooth or Cell towers, or postal address identification.
The comparator/optimizer 221 is rules based and will smart enable, disable or change configurations to higher or lower accuracy as needed. The comparator/optimizer 221 can be a condition optimizer and a queue comparator. The rules by default may enable sensor “1” 203 through biostream 213, if a specific behavior occurs, the rules then enable sensor “2” 204 through biostream 214, and if an additional behavior occurs, sensor “3” is enabled through biostream 215. Note that each sensor can have multiple signals within it. Signal 1 (SIG1) 227 relates to a client device or phone being connected to or on the charger and when SIG1 227 is received by the comparator/optimizer 221 it is compared to a set of rules 224, to determine which sensor to enable or disable. For example, the comparator may have a set of three rules (Rule 1 or R1, Rule 2 or R2, and Rule 3 or R3) which make up the set of rules 224 defined within classifier and recording triggers 223. R1 may be related to the client device or phone being on the charger and what signal to record and classifier while influencing subsequent rules, R2 may be related to the recording trigger of the phone being removed from the charger and the signal related to utilize or adjust, and R3 may deal with the screen on detected time to trigger the GPS location of the phone and subsequent triggers and recording configurations required as result. In this case, the comparator/optimizer is interested in detecting when the user is not charging their phone, actively using the phone and their precise location at the time of use.
As seen in
Another example, instead of only collecting screen time, is if enough steps are collected that suggests that the individual has walked outside of the building, and they have turned on the mobile screen suggesting they are looking for a new destination or because they have left a social environment and want to check messages, then the GPS can turn back on as a method of confirmation. The sudden movement combined by the threshold, plus the screen enables the location sensor to see if they have left the environment or entered a new environment. A sudden reduction in movement, plus the screen disabled could also enable another sensor such as linear acceleration to help detect whether the individual is now driving. This added Signal for steps demonstrates a case where false positives can be further reduced to define the output of the comparator/optimizer that is feeding the biomarker pre-processing predictor. By allowing the configuration files to be modified during run-time of the application, the system can adaptively change the biostream configurations and the signal detection mechanisms that provide a higher level of usefulness to the biomarker and therapeutics, and overall the bio-signatures of individuals and these scenarios.
A key point of the digital marker data collection example in
Biomarker pre-processing 230 is defined by suggestive inputs stating conditions to represent signal interaction. Movement is suggested by sensors 129, like an accelerometer or steps depending on availability and their representative limits, with phone behavior suggested by Screen On/Off count within a specified percentage and usage behaviors compared, which result in the individual actively checking their phone. Biomarker predictor tags are applied to suggest an anxiety qualifier, which can later be counted on the server side for confirming. If more data is needed before reaching this, it would be handled by the comparator/optimizer, which could result in user instructions to take a blood pressure measurement for instance. It may also happen where additional sensors, and their biostream are not required to reduce false positive, and that in fact they can be omitted while generating the same results with or without. This allows the system to best control the needs of the sensor data based on the accuracy and provisioning of the validate biomarkers collected.
For instance, in the previous example, an individual walks a specified number of steps, combined with screen time, GPS and linear acceleration is considered as departed from a location. This marker when utilized in context of going to the gym and leaving the gym can be used to transparently collect a window of time that can be used in conjunction with other biomarkers as part of an overall therapeutic.
Let'"'"'s say that collecting heart rate is needed at a high sampling rate from a wearable sensor that the individual is always wearing, and that the assessment of the heart rate as part of a workout occurs on the backend server when the user indicates they are at the gym. The ability to detect they are at the gym and the ability to correlate changing heart rates as a workout related effort, versus efforts by the individual in trying to catch a train or flight connection which can also impact heart rate are 2 very different things as to the impact and results observed. Thus, correlating these 2 events allows the system to develop personalized message to the user in different scenarios while not requiring all of the system data all of the time. Biomarkers allow the smart detection of situations/scenarios to assist in personalized therapy.
One of the main functions of the application is to determine smartly what sensors need to collect data from doing which conditions that is should be forwarding for biomarker pre-processing. Biomarker pre-processing 131 data needs determine which sensors are used and effects the rules to limit the information coming in. Preprocessing forms basis for biomarker tagging/feature classification side. Pre-processing helps with overall therapeutics indexes on backend server side, latches specific conditions from comparator/optimizer stage to help determine which data to process, i.e. an individual showing different patterns of sensors that user actively checking phone needs 3 things—1) individual present (need a way to tell) 2) user actively moving (pacing)/not moving 3) what is current state of phone—i.e. plugged in or audible or visual sensor. The pre-processing tags define suggested inputs related to signal interaction and their limits to suggest qualifiers to be forwarded for confirmation, to reduce the number of false positives. If more data is still required, the system has the ability to notify user device that more sensors are needed, or the user needs to do an external act (i.e. check blood pressure, can eventually turn off requirement). One or more biostream or sensor configuration files, for determining which sensors are on & off, sampling frequency and other configuration attributes, are resident on the client device. The preprocessing may be handled on both the client side and the server side, or a combination of both. A feedback loop can be implemented to reduce false positives by way of feedback loop driven by configuration files across the data input stages.
The purpose of post-processing is to leverage the data lake of crowd-sourced information, and reduce the number of false positives, while applying new technique and insights to the data recorded. While doing so, it is very common that a feedback loop will send corrections back downstream to the mobile to further reduce false positives while continuously improving the data set collected across other participants. A learning system can be implemented which can learn and change rules, specificity, driver conditions, and pre-processing directives. The outcome will help determine the correct engagement message, therapeutics and user needs to help encourage opportunities and success.
The therapeutic plans can be discussed or defined as recipes. As in the earlier example of cancer survivorship, a biomarker may require other biomarkers in order to detect, such as detecting whether a cognitive test has started or stopped, or that the arrival to or departure from a community location has occurred. Each therapeutic plan defines a set of biomarker packages and outcomes to measure and detect level of engagement, success and failure points. The prerequisites for each biomarker recipe has its own mandatory needs that must be met in order to properly detect a given biomarker of the therapy class. Within each biomarker itself is a subset of configurations required to define the above input streams informational flow through the client.
By way of example, a recipe based on the example from
As previously described above, the system of the present invention can identify recipient bioinformatic data to generate biomarker data and biosignature profiles. The use of the biomarker and biosignature data and profiles can be used by the system to create a myriad of therapeutic plans as well as configure the application to provide tailored health modules and features. The features of the application as a whole and the features of the health modules within the application can be tailored or activated/deactivated. By varying the application, modules, and the application of the recipient'"'"'s therapeutic plan or plans, the system can create a vast number (tens of thousands) of configurations of the application, the modules, and plans. The result is the present invention is able to provide a tailored health or therapeutic application, with therapeutic modules and therapeutic plans all designed or configured to the recipient'"'"'s biomarker and biosignature data and profile. Thus, the system provides significant flexibility and customizability through use of modules, activated features, configuration profiles and managers. Further, the operations of the program or modules enables or customizes interaction with the user according to the user'"'"'s current context, behavior, medical history, history of interactions with the program, and other user data.
The application, modules within the application, the therapeutic plans, and the biostream configurations (collectively the “therapeutic array) can be designed to operate independently of other applications or programs on the device and independent of other therapeutic arrays so that operation or delay of any therapeutic array or other program does not block operation of the other arrays.
The system of the present invention can be very effective at addressing complex scenarios where users experience diverse and changing needs over time or where users have demanding needs. For example, treating and tracking the effectiveness of modern cancer treatments during treatment and when cancer is in remission. In many instances, during cancer patients and cancer survivors are provided care plans to address health and other challenges often faced during or after cancer treatment. Using the present invention, the system is able to provide tailored therapeutic plans specific to the bioinformatic data of the patient or device user.
Cancer is ideal example to highlight to scale and flexibility of the system because cancer and the related treatments generally have systemic effects rather than primarily localized effects on the body. Such symptoms often come in clusters that are seemingly unrelated to the portions of the body where the cancer is located. For example, after treatment for throat cancer, patients may experience a wide range of secondary symptoms or notice an impact across many aspects of their lifestyle. Such symptoms or impacts may include changes to sleep patterns, eating habits, activity levels, anxiety levels, pain levels for various different locations of the body, and so on.
In addition, chemotherapy and medication, drugs or other treatments may have side effects or complications such as neuropathy. The symptoms experienced are highly variable from one patient to the next. Oftentimes the symptoms cannot be accurately predicted from one patient to the next patient. In addition, the time the symptoms appear, and the intensity of the symptoms varies. As a result, typical care plans for cancer patients and cancer survivors are often inadequate to address the individualized and varying needs of specific patients. Therefore, the system of the present invention can be used to provide individualized therapeutic plans through an individualized therapeutic application. The therapeutic modules within the application can be added or modified as treatments are added or changed, as symptoms arrive or change, and as the recipients'"'"' bioinformatic data provides feedback on how the recipient is handling the treatment, medication, and therapeutic plans.
The system includes multiple digital therapeutics programs or modules within an application with each module capable of handling a different aspect of the user'"'"'s needs. For example, different modules can address different aspects of physical, psychological, emotional, social, and other module may have a corresponding set of instructions or rules which perform specific actions when appropriate thresholds or conditions are met. The system also tracks and uses the patient or user'"'"'s response to the therapeutic plans and can adjust, automatically by the system, the features and functions of the modules and the therapeutic plan.
The systems and methods of the invention in described embodiments may be implemented as a system, method, apparatus or article of manufacture using programming and/or engineering techniques related to software, firmware, hardware, or any combination thereof. The described operations may be implemented as code maintained in a “computer readable medium”, where a processor may read and execute the code from the computer readable medium. A computer readable medium may comprise media such as magnetic storage medium (e.g., hard disk drives, floppy disks, tape, etc.), optical storage (CD-ROMs, DVDs, optical disks, etc.), volatile and non-volatile memory devices (e.g., EEPROMs, ROMs, PROMs, RAMs, DRAMs, SRAMs, Flash Memory, firmware, programmable logic, etc.), etc. The code implementing the described operations may be further implemented in hardware logic (e.g., an integrated circuit chip, Programmable Gate Array (PGA), Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC), etc.). Still further, the code implementing the described operations may be implemented in “transmission signals”, where transmission signals may propagate through space or through a transmission media, such as an optical fiber, copper wire, etc. The transmission signals in which the code or logic is encoded may further comprise a wireless signal, satellite transmission, radio waves, infrared signals, Bluetooth, etc. The transmission signals in which the code or logic is encoded is capable of being transmitted by a transmitting station and received by a receiving station, where the code or logic encoded in the transmission signal may be decoded and stored in hardware or a computer readable medium at the receiving and transmitting stations or devices. An “article of manufacture” comprises computer readable medium, hardware logic, and/or transmission signals in which code may be implemented. A device in which the code implementing the described embodiments of operations is encoded may comprise a computer readable medium or hardware logic. Of course, those skilled in the art will recognize that many modifications may be made to this configuration without departing from the scope of the present invention, and that the article of manufacture may comprise suitable information bearing medium known in the art.
In an embodiment of the invention, the systems and methods use networks, wherein, the term, ‘networks’ means a system allowing interaction between two or more electronic devices and includes any form of inter/intra enterprise environment such as the world wide web, Local Area Network (LAN), Wide Area Network (WAN), Storage Area Network (SAN) or any form of Intranet.
In an embodiment of the invention, the systems and methods can be practiced using any electronic device. An electronic device, for the purpose of this invention, is selected from any device capable of processing or representing data to a recipient and user and providing access to a network or any system similar to the internet; wherein the electronic device may be selected from but not limited to, personal computers, mobile phones, laptops, palmtops, tablets, portable media players and personal digital assistants.
As noted above, the processing machine used to implement the invention may be a suitable computer or other processing machine. The processing machine may also utilize (or be in the form of) any of a wide variety of other technologies including a special purpose computer, a computer system including a microcomputer, mini-computer or mainframe for example, a programmed microprocessor, a micro-controller, a peripheral integrated circuit element, a CSIC (Consumer Specific Integrated Circuit) or ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuit) or other integrated circuit, a logic circuit, a digital signal processor, a programmable logic device such as a FPGA, PLD, PLA or PAL, or any other device or arrangement of devices that is capable of implementing the steps of the processes of the invention.
The processing machine used to implement the invention may utilize a suitable operating system (OS). Thus, embodiments of the invention may include a processing machine running the Unix operating system, the Apple iOS operating system, the Linux operating system, the Xenix operating system, the IBM AIX™ operating system, the Hewlett-Packard UX™ operating system, the Novell Netware™ operating system, the Sun Microsystems Solaris™ operating system, the OS/2™ operating system, the BeOS™ operating system, the Macintosh operating system (such as macOS T), the Apache operating system, an OpenStep™ operating system, the Android™ operating system (and variations distributed by Samsung, HTC, Huawei, LG, Motorola, Google, Blackberry, among others), the Windows 10™ operating system, the Windows Phone operating system, the Windows 8™ operating system, Microsoft Windows™ Vista™ operating system, the Microsoft Windows™ XP™ operating system, the Microsoft Windows™ NT™ operating system, the Windows™ 2000 operating system, or another operating system or platform.
The systems and methods of the invention may utilize non-operating systems (aka serverless architecture) as well for distributed processing. In the processing of the invention, services on cloud computing networks leveraging systems like AWS (as offered by Amazon Web Services, Inc.), BlueMix (as offered by IBM), and Microsoft Azure, can perform data collection services using varying technologies that are spun up on demand using tools like Chef to create container-based deployments like Docker, or non-container compute services (e.g. AWS Lambda).
The invention provides real-time analytics processing that requires scale on demand to the recipients and users in the system, in accordance with at least one embodiment of the invention. Such offerings as AWS lambda and Kinesis (as offered by Amazon Web Services, Inc.) are among those that may be used in implementation of the invention. For example, AWS Lambda may be utilized to execute code (to perform processes of the invention) in response to various triggers including data changes, shifts in system state, or particular action taken by recipients and users. Similarly, in an embodiment, the OS (operating system) of the invention might be encapsulated in an EC2 instance (as offered by Amazon Web Services, Inc.) or multiple instances for deployment.
It is appreciated that in order to practice the method of the invention as described above, it is not necessary that the processors and/or the memories of the processing machine be physically located in the same geographical place. That is, each of the processors and the memories used by the processing machine may be located in geographically distinct locations and connected so as to communicate in any suitable manner, such as over a network of over multiple networks. Additionally, it is appreciated that each of the processor and/or the memory may be composed of different physical pieces of equipment. Accordingly, it is not necessary that the processor be one single piece of equipment in one location and that the memory be another single piece of equipment in another location. That is, it is contemplated that the processor may be two pieces of equipment in two different physical locations. The two distinct pieces of equipment may be connected in any suitable manner. Further, it is appreciated that processing units/processors can be physical processors, software, through a distributed service, or any combination of the three. Additionally, the memory may include two or more portions of memory in two or more physical locations.
To explain further, processing as described above is performed by various components and various memories. However, it is appreciated that the processing performed by two distinct components as described above may, in accordance with a further embodiment of the invention, be performed by a single component. Further, the processing performed by one distinct component as described above may be performed by two distinct components. In a similar manner, the memory storage performed by two distinct memory portions as described above may, in accordance with a further embodiment of the invention, be performed by a single memory portion. Further, the memory storage performed by one distinct memory portion as described above may be performed by two memory portions.
Further, as also described above, various technologies may be used to provide communication between the various processors and/or memories, as well as to allow the processors and/or the memories of the invention to communicate with any other entity; i.e., so as to obtain further instructions or to access and use remote memory stores, for example. Such technologies used to provide such communication might include a network, the Internet, Intranet, Extranet, LAN, an Ethernet, or any client server system that provides communication, for example. Such communications technologies may use any suitable protocol such as TCP/IP, UDP, or OSI, for example.
Further, multiple applications may be utilized to perform the various processing of the invention. Such multiple applications may be on the same network or adjacent networks, and split between non-cloud hardware, including local (on-premises) computing systems, and cloud computing resources, for example. Further, the systems and methods of the invention may use IPC (inter-process communication) style communication for module level communication. Various known IPC mechanisms may be utilized in the processing of the invention including, for example, shared memory (in which processes are provided access to the same memory block in conjunction with creating a buffer, which is shared, for the processes to communicate with each other), data records accessible by multiple processes at one time, and message passing (that allows applications to communicate using message queues).
As described above, a set of instructions is used in the processing of the invention. The set of instructions may be in the form of a program or software. The software may be in the form of system software or application software, for example. The software might also be in the form of a collection of separate programs, a program module within a larger program, or a portion of a program module, for example. The software used might also include modular programming in the form of object-oriented programming. The software tells the processing machine what to do with the data being processed.
Further, it is appreciated that the instructions or set of instructions used in the implementation and operation of the invention may be in a suitable form, such that the processing machine may read the instructions. For example, the instructions that form a program may be in the form of a suitable programming language, which is converted to machine language or object code to allow the processor or processors to read the instructions. That is, written lines of programming code or source code, in a particular programming language, are converted to machine language using a compiler, assembler or interpreter. The machine language is binary coded machine instructions that are specific to a particular type of processing machine, i.e., to a particular type of computer, for example. The computer understands the machine language.
Also, the instructions and/or data used in the practice of the invention may utilize any compression or encryption technique or algorithm, as may be desired. An encryption module might be used to encrypt data. Further, files or other data may be decrypted using a suitable decryption module, for example.
As described above, the invention may illustratively be embodied in the form of a processing machine, including a computer or computer system, for example, that includes at least one memory. It is to be appreciated that the set of instructions, i.e., the software for example that enables the computer operating system to perform the operations described above, may be contained on any of a wide variety of media or medium, as desired. Further, the data that is processed by the set of instructions might also be contained on any of a wide variety of media or medium. That is, the particular medium, i.e., the memory in the processing machine, utilized to hold the set of instructions and/or the data used in the invention may take on any of a variety of physical forms or transmissions, for example. Illustratively, as also described above, the medium may be in the form of paper, paper transparencies, a compact disk, a DVD, an integrated circuit, a hard disk, a floppy disk, an optical disk, a magnetic tape, a RAM, a ROM, a PROM, a EPROM, a wire, a cable, a fiber, communications channel, a satellite transmissions or other remote transmission, as well as any other medium or source of data that may be read by the processors of the invention.
Further, the memory or memories used in the processing machine that implements the invention may be in any of a wide variety of forms to allow the memory to hold instructions, data, or other information, as is desired. Thus, the memory might be in the form of a database to hold data. The database might use any desired arrangement of files such as a flat file arrangement or a relational database arrangement, for example.
In the system and method of the invention, a variety of “recipient interfaces” or “user interfaces” may be utilized to allow a recipient or user to interface with the processing machine or machines that are used to implement the invention. As used herein, a recipient or user interface includes any hardware, software, or combination of hardware and software used by the processing machine that allows a recipient or user to interact with the processing machine. A recipient or user interface may be in the form of a dialogue screen for example. A recipient or user interface may also include any of the following: a mouse, touch screen, keyboard, voice reader, voice recognizer, dialogue screen, menu box, list, checkbox, toggle switch, a pushbutton, or any other device that allows a recipient or user to receive information regarding the operation of the processing machine as it processes a set of instructions and/or provide the processing machine with information. Accordingly, the recipient or user interface is any device that provides communication between a recipient or user and a processing machine. The information provided by the recipient or user to the processing machine through the recipient or user interface may be in the form of a command, a selection of data, or some other input, for example.
As discussed above, a recipient or user interface is utilized by the processing machine that performs a set of instructions such that the processing machine processes data for a recipient or user. The recipient or user interface is typically used by the processing machine for interacting with a recipient or user either to convey information or receive information from the recipient or user. However, it should be appreciated that in accordance with some embodiments of the system and method of the invention, it is not necessary that a human recipient or user interact with a recipient or user interface used by the processing machine of the invention. Rather, it is also contemplated that the recipient or user interface of the invention might interact, i.e., convey and receive information, with another processing machine, rather than a human recipient or user. Accordingly, the other processing machine might be characterized as a recipient or user. Further, it is contemplated that a recipient or user interface utilized in the system and method of the invention may interact partially with another processing machine or processing machines, while also interacting partially with a human recipient or user.