DAMPER ASSEMBLY AND FLAP FITTING
A damping assembly for a flap fitting includes first and second spring holders, between which at least two coil springs are arranged. In each of the at least two coils springs, a linear damper having a damper housing and having a piston rod slidable relative to the damper housing is arranged between the first and second spring holders.
- 1-15. -15. (canceled)
- 16. A damper assembly for a flap fitting, the damper assembly comprising:
a first spring holder; a second spring holder; at least two coil springs arranged between the first and second spring holders, wherein in each of the at least two coil springs a linear damper having a damper housing and a piston rod that is displaceable relative to the damper housing is arranged between the first and second spring holders.
- View Dependent Claims (17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24)
- 25. A flap fitting for furniture, the flap fitting comprising:
a base body; a support lever is rotatably mounted on the base body; and a control lever pivotably mounted on the base body, wherein the support lever and the control lever can be connected via spaced rotary shafts in an articulated manner to a flap of the furniture or can be connected to a flap of the furniture via further levers; an energy accumulator configured to pretension the flap of the furniture at least over part of a range of movement of the flap of the furniture; and a damper assembly arranged on or in the base body, wherein the damper assembly comprises a first spring holder; a second spring holder;
- View Dependent Claims (26, 27, 28, 29, 30)
Exemplary embodiments of the present invention relate to a damper assembly, in particular for a flap fitting, comprising a first spring holder and a second spring holder, between which at least two springs are arranged which are designed as coil springs, and a flap fitting, in particular for furniture, comprising a housing that can be fixed to a body, on which a support lever is rotatably mounted, and a pivotably mounted control lever, wherein the support lever and the control lever can be connected in an articulated manner to a flap via spaced rotary shafts, wherein the flap is pretensioned via an energy accumulator at least over part of the range of movement.
EP 2 138 658 B1 discloses a flap fitting for a furniture flap in which the furniture flap is pivoted via an actuating arm and a control lever. The furniture flap is pretensioned in the closing direction by means of a tension spring. In order to lift the furniture flap of such flap fittings, energy accumulators are required which are intended to absorb high forces in a compact design. In addition, the user is often annoyed by loud impact noises.
Accordingly, exemplary embodiments of the present invention are directed to a damper assembly, in particular for a flap fitting, which in a compact design provides high forces for holding and closing a movable component, in particular a furniture part.
In the damper assembly according to the invention, at least two springs in the form of coil springs are provided, in each of which a linear damper with a damper housing and a piston rod displaceable relative to the damper housing are arranged. This means that large pretensioning forces can be exerted on the damper assembly, wherein the dampers prevent high acceleration and cause corresponding braking or damping forces. The springs and dampers can therefore increase the ease of operation, especially with short travel distances, as required for flap fittings, and have a very compact design.
Preferably, the first and second spring holders are designed as dimensionally stable brackets on which the dampers and springs are mounted. At least three springs, for example four springs, are preferably provided in order to generate high pretensioning forces, for example to balance weight forces in a pivotable flap. The springs can be designed as compression or tension springs.
In order to avoid transverse forces caused by the damper assembly, it is preferably formed symmetrical to a central plane with regard to the arrangement of the springs.
In order to avoid loud impact noises, it is preferable to fix the damper housing to the first spring holder and the piston rod to the second spring holder. An elastic stop is arranged between the receptacle and the second spring holder, which can be placed either directly against the spring holder or against a component connected to the spring holder in an end position. The stop can either be fixed to the second spring holder or to the end of the receptacle in order to avoid annoying impact noises.
In a further embodiment, the spring holders are connected to each other by additional linear guide means without dampers, for example a sliding element guided on a rail, which are arranged outside or inside the springs.
To generate different damping forces, the damper housing can have different areas with different diameters in a piston working chamber in which the piston of the damper is linearly displaceable.
In accordance with the invention, a flap fitting with a damper assembly is also provided, wherein the flap fitting has a housing that can be fixed to a body, a rotatable support lever and a pivotably mounted control lever, wherein the support lever and the control lever are connectable in an articulated manner to a flap via spaced rotary shafts. This means that the damper assembly can be used to comfortably design a movement sequence for the flap, especially with regard to closing and opening the flap.
The damper assembly is preferably used to slow down a closing movement of the damper before it reaches the closing position. Preferably, the energy accumulator is used to pretension the flap in a closing position in the closing direction and the flap is pretensioned in an opening range in the opening direction. The user can then overcome a dead center when opening the flap, and after overcoming the dead center, the flap can be moved in the opening direction supported by spring force or automatically. Conversely, after overcoming the dead center, the flap is automatically moved in the closing direction and then braked by the dampers. In a middle position of the flap, which can be before and/or after the dead center position, the flap can also be kept in balance so that it does not independently perform any closing or opening movement in the middle opening range.
In order to be enable precise actuation of the damper assembly, a spring holder is preferably coupled to the control lever via a curve guide. The curve guide can be actuated via a gear unit which is driven by the control lever. Gearwheels, pivot levers or other gear elements can be used as gear units.
The invention is explained in more detail below using an embodiment example with reference to the attached drawings, wherein:
An item of furniture 1 comprises a furniture body 2, for example for a wall unit in a kitchen, in which the rear wall has been omitted in
In addition to the opening movement shown, other opening movements, such as those known in the prior art, can also be realized for flap 3. These opening movements include, for example, simple tilting up or folding up the flap 3.
On the second gearwheel 11, at a distance from the rotary shaft 12 of gearwheel 11, a rotary shaft 70 is provided, on which the control lever 7 is rotatably mounted. The control lever 7 is mounted at the opposite end so that it can rotate about a rotary shaft 71 at the connection 9. The rotary shaft 70 thus moves during an opening and closing process of flap 3, which is held at connection 9.
The connection 9 can be formed in a single-part or multi-part manner.
In order to partially compensate the weight forces of the flap 3 during opening and closing, an energy accumulator 20 is provided, which comprises three springs 21, in particular tension springs in the illustrated embodiment example, which are arranged between a first spring holder 22 and a second spring holder 24. The second spring holder 24 is fixed to the housing 5 by a fastening 25. The spring holder 22 is connected via a rod 23 to a movable holder 18. A receptacle 19 is provided on the holder 18 to which the rod 23 of the energy accumulator 20 is fixed so that the holder 18 is pretensioned by the energy accumulator 20. The holder 18 has a guide element 17 mounted in a curve guide 16 of a control disc 15. The control disc 15 is mounted so that it can rotate about a rotary shaft 14, which is provided on the housing 5. In addition, the control disc 15 is coupled in a rotationally fixed manner to a third gearwheel 13, which meshes with the first gearwheel 10. Various positioning options for positioning the rod 23 of the energy accumulator 20 are provided on the receptacle 19 of the holder 18, so that an optimum pre-adjustment of the spring effect to the weight forces of the flap 3 to be compensated can already be made by selecting a suitable position. Instead of the positioning options, an infinitely variable presetting can also be provided, for example in the form of a screw/nut connection, which can be used to change the position of the rod 23 to the holder 18.
The term “gearwheel” refers to rotating discs with an external toothing, wherein the external toothing extends either over the entire circumference or only a part of the circumference. Alternatively, tooth segments, internal gears or other components can also be used as gearwheels on which teeth are provided for positive engagement with an adjacent gearwheel.
A damper 30, which is designed as a linear damper, in particular as a fluid, liquid or air damper, is also provided on the housing 5, which is held on a fastening element 31 on the housing 5 and comprises a piston-cylinder unit that generates damping forces when compressed. A contact surface 32 is provided on the side facing away from the fastening element 31, for example a contact roller that can be contacted by an actuating element 33 on the holder 18.
For an opening operation, a handle located in the lower area of flap 3 is operated by a user to move flap 3 forward and upwards.
If the flap 3 is moved further in the opening direction as shown in
Flap 3 is moved further in the opening direction as shown in
For a closing movement, the user pulls the flap 3 downwards against the force of the energy accumulator 20 until the flap 3 is again in the closing position shown in
In the embodiment example shown, three gearwheels 10, 11 and 13 are arranged in the housing 5. It is also possible to provide a gear unit with a predetermined transmission ratio in the housing 5 in order to adapt the tensioning and unloading of the energy accumulator 20 even more to the weight of the flap 3 and other parameters.
The design of the flap fitting 4 is only to be understood as an example. Instead of the four-joint arrangement formed by the support lever 6 and the control lever 7, a seven-joint arrangement can also be formed by the support lever 6 and the control lever 7 and further levers. In a seven-joint arrangement, the support lever 6 and the control lever 7 are thus connected to the flap 3 via the other levers. The rotary shafts of the support lever 6 and the control lever 7 can also be fixed to the base body 5, so that the rotary shaft 70 does not perform any relative movement to the base body 5 during the flap movement. This means that the force transmission from joint arrangement 6, 7 to damper assembly 40 may be formed differently.
The damper assembly 40 comprises, in each of the two outer springs 21, a damper designed as a linear damper and comprises a damper housing 41 and a piston rod 42. In the middle spring 21 another coil spring is arranged, so that in the damper assembly in
The elastic stop 44 is fixed at the end of the receptacle 43. It is obviously also possible to place the stop 44 at one end of the bow-shaped spring holder 22 adjacent to the head section 46.
Although the invention has been illustrated and described in detail by way of preferred embodiments, the invention is not limited by the examples disclosed, and other variations can be derived from these by the person skilled in the art without leaving the scope of the invention. It is therefore clear that there is a plurality of possible variations. It is also clear that embodiments stated by way of example are only really examples that are not to be seen as limiting the scope, application possibilities or configuration of the invention in any way. In fact, the preceding description and the description of the figures enable the person skilled in the art to implement the exemplary embodiments in concrete manner, wherein, with the knowledge of the disclosed inventive concept, the person skilled in the art is able to undertake various changes, for example, with regard to the functioning or arrangement of individual elements stated in an exemplary embodiment without leaving the scope of the invention, which is defined by the claims and their legal equivalents, such as further explanations in the description.
- 1 Furniture
- 2 Furniture body
- 3 Flap
- 4 Flap fitting
- 5 Housing
- 6 Support lever
- 7 Control lever
- 8 Rod
- 9 Connection
- 10 Gearwheel
- 11 Gearwheel
- 12 Rotary shaft
- 13 Gearwheel
- 14 Rotary shaft
- 15 Control disc
- 16 Curve guide
- 17 Guide element
- 18 Holder
- 19 Receptacle
- 20 Energy accumulator
- 21 Spring
- 22 Spring holder
- 23 Rod
- 24 Spring holder
- 25 Fastening
- 26 Pin
- 30 Damper
- 31 Fastening element
- 32 Contact surface
- 33 Actuating element
- 40 Damper assembly
- 41 Damper housing
- 42 Piston rod
- 43 Receptacle
- 44 Stop
- 45 Stop
- 46 Head section
- 50 Side wall
- 51 Side wall
- 52 Spacer
- 60 Rotary shaft
- 61 Rotary shaft
- 70 Rotary shaft
- 71 Rotary shaft
- 80 Core material
- 81 Outer layer
- 82 Inner layer
- 83 Fastening points