Methods for multiplex PCR

  • US 10,316,359 B2
  • Filed: 08/31/2016
  • Issued: 06/11/2019
  • Est. Priority Date: 01/31/2014
  • Status: Active Grant
First Claim
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1. A method of multiplex PCR amplification of a target nucleic acid substrate comprising the steps of:

  • (i) combining a plurality of target-specific primers with the target nucleic acid substrate to yield a single polymerase chain reaction (PCR) reaction mixture, wherein the plurality of target-specific primers comprise a first forward primer, a second forward primer, a first reverse primer and a second reverse primer, wherein each of the first and second forward and reverse primers comprise a 3′

    complementary sequence that is complementary to the target nucleic acid substrate and a 5′

    noncomplementary sequence that is not complementary to the target nucleic acid substrate, wherein the 3′

    complementary sequence for each of the first and second forward and reverse primers is different;

    (ii) subjecting the PCR reaction mixture to a multiplex polymerase chain reaction thereby generating at least three amplicons, wherein the at least three amplicons comprise a first amplicon produced by the first forward primer and the first reverse primer, a second amplicon produced by the second forward primer and the second reverse primer, and a third amplicon produced by the second forward primer and the first reverse primer, wherein at least a portion of the 5′

    noncomplementary sequence of the second forward primer and the first reverse primer is the same such that each strand of the third amplicon comprises a 3′

    end and a 5′

    end that are complementary to each other, wherein the third amplicon possesses overlapping sequence with the first and second amplicons, wherein the first amplicon possesses overlapping sequence with the second amplicon, wherein when the third amplicon is denatured, each strand of the third amplicon forms a secondary structure as a result of the 3′

    end being complementary to the 5′

    end, and wherein the secondary structure is stable during a primer annealing step of the multiplex polymerase chain reaction.

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