Integrated seismic monitoring system and method

  • US 10,705,232 B2
  • Filed: 03/21/2019
  • Issued: 07/07/2020
  • Est. Priority Date: 03/08/2012
  • Status: Active Grant
First Claim
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1. An integrated seismic system for monitoring seismic parameters of a subsurface structure, the integrated seismic system comprising:

  • a base station;

    a plurality of mobile satellite nodes, each of the plurality of mobile satellite nodes having multiple array cables extending from the mobile satellite nodes and each of the multiple array cables being linked to multiple sensor stations for collecting seismic data from the subsurface structure; and

    a fiber optic cable extending from the base station to the plurality of mobile satellite nodes and operatively linking the plurality of mobile satellite nodes and the sensor stations;

    the base station comprising;

    a light source for sending laser light through the fiber optic cable, the laser light being distributed to the sensor stations and, in the sensor stations, experiencing a change or phase shift related to a physical property being measured; and

    a detector for receiving the laser light from the fiber optic cable and detecting changes in the laser light; and

    each of the satellite nodes comprising;

    a seismic acquisition unit for receiving optical signals in the laser light returning from the multiple sensor stations in the array cables that extend from the satellite node in which the seismic acquisition unit is housed, said seismic acquisition unit comprising spread and optoelectronics that extracts phase information induced by said change or phase shift from the returning laser light and converts the optical signals into seismic data, wherein said seismic acquisition unit is connected to the base station through said fiber optic cable to pass the seismic data to the base station.

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