Vehicular imaging system with blockage determination and misalignment correction

  • US 10,726,578 B2
  • Filed: 05/14/2018
  • Issued: 07/28/2020
  • Est. Priority Date: 08/17/2007
  • Status: Active Grant
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First Claim
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1. A vehicular imaging system comprising:

  • an imaging device comprising a single imaging sensor;

    said single imaging sensor comprising a plurality of photosensor pixels;

    said imaging device mounted at a vehicle equipped with said vehicular imaging system and having a field of view exterior of the equipped vehicle;

    wherein said field of view exterior of the equipped vehicle encompasses a scene forward of the equipped vehicle;

    wherein said imaging device is disposed in the equipped vehicle behind the windshield of the equipped vehicle and views through a portion of the windshield;

    wherein said portion of the windshield comprises a portion cleaned by a windshield wiper of the equipped vehicle;

    wherein said imaging device comprises a CMOS imaging device;

    said single imaging sensor of said imaging device capturing image data within said field of view;

    wherein a control within the equipped vehicle receives said image data;

    said control comprising an image processor;

    wherein said control receives vehicle data via a communication bus of the equipped vehicle;

    wherein, responsive at least in part to image processing by said image processor of image data captured by said single imaging sensor, said control automatically corrects for misalignment of said imaging device mounted at the equipped vehicle;

    wherein said automatic correction for misalignment of said imaging device mounted at the equipped vehicle comprises, at least in part, said control comparing an imaged location of an object present in the field of view of said single imaging sensor to an expected location of said object, wherein the imaged location is determined by image processing by said image processor of image data captured by said single imaging sensor and wherein the expected location is determined responsive to vehicle data carried to said control via said communication bus;

    wherein, responsive at least in part to image processing by said image processor of image data captured by said single imaging sensor, said control controls, at least in part, a lane departure warning system of the equipped vehicle and at least one of (i) an automatic high beam control system of the equipped vehicle, (ii) a collision avoidance system of the equipped vehicle, (iii) an object detection system of the equipped vehicle and (iv) an adaptive front lighting system of the equipped vehicle;

    wherein said control at least one selected from the group consisting of (i) concludes that said single imaging sensor is totally blocked when, over a plurality of frames of image data captured by said single imaging sensor, processing of image data by said image processor determines that the count of bright pixels remains below a threshold, and (ii) concludes that said single imaging sensor is partially blocked by said image processor performing region-based image processing to take into account intensity variations in different regions of said single imaging sensor; and

    wherein, responsive to determination of either total blockage or partial blockage, said control adapts image processing by said image processor of image data captured by said single imaging sensor to accommodate the determined total blockage or partial blockage of said single image sensor.

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