Capsule for medical use

  • US 4,239,040 A
  • Filed: 10/13/1977
  • Issued: 12/16/1980
  • Est. Priority Date: 10/19/1976
  • Status: Expired due to Term
First Claim
Patent Images

1. A capsule for medical use comprising:

  • a cylindrical body frame having a cylindrical stepped portion;

    an external cylinder mounted on an end portion of said cylindrical body frame and having at least one through hole extending through a wall portion thereof;

    a recovery cylinder mounted for sliding movement from one position to another position within said external cylinder and having at least one through hole extending through a wall portion thereof and capable of communicating with said through hole of said external cylinder during sliding movement of said recovery cylinder in said external cylinder;

    biasing means for exerting a biasing force on said recovery cylinder tending to slidably move the same along said external cylinder from said one position to said another position;

    actuatable retaining means for releasably retaining said recovery cylinder at said one position within said external cylinder against said biasing force and operative when actuated for releasing said recovery cylinder whereby said biasing force effects sliding movement of said recovery cylinder to said another position;

    an electric switching circuit including receiving means for switching on the switching circuit when an externally transmitted instructing electric signal is received by said receiving means to actuate said retaining means to thereby release said recovery cylinder; and

    means for supplying electric power to said switching circuit to enable operation of said switching circuit;

    said recovery cylinder including two axially spaced chambers one of which surrounds said cylindrical stepped portion of said cylindrical body frame when said recovery cylinder is in said one position, and means for hermetically separating said one of said two chambers from the other and being disposed within said other of said two chambers;

    said retaining means comprising a thread hanger removably fixed and inserted into said cylindrical stepped portion of said body frame, and a thread coacting with said thread hanger for retaining said recovery cylinder at said one position against said biasing force, said thread extending over said thread hanger and having its ends secured in place by said means for hermetically separating said one of said two chambers from the other and being tensioned by said biasing means;

    said receiving means including a heating device for heat-cutting said thread in response to the instructing electric signal thereby releasing said recovery cylinder whereby said biasing means effects sliding movement of said recovery cylinder to said another position and during such sliding movement a sample to be collected flows through the communicating through holes of said recovery cylinder and said external cylinder into the empty space formed behind the moving recovery cylinder.

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