Electrochromic indicator device with reflecting background

  • US 4,787,717 A
  • Filed: 03/22/1983
  • Issued: 11/29/1988
  • Est. Priority Date: 03/30/1982
  • Status: Expired due to Fees
First Claim
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1. A process of producing an electrochromic indicating device with a porous reflecting background layer comprising the steps of:

  • applying a counterelectrode layer, having the capability of taking up or giving off ions according to the polarity of voltage applied to the device, to a metal substrate, said counterelectrode layer being thereby supported on said substrate;

    preparing a paste or varnish comprising an inorganic pigment and a synthetic resin binder, as material for making a reflecting background layer;

    applying said paste or varnish in a layer on top of said counterelectrode layer by a screen printing method,baking said substrate, counterelectrode layer and paste or varnish layer in a baking process such that a porous reflecting background layer is formed when said binder therein becomes hardened by baking;

    subjecting said metal substrate and said baked layers thereon to deep drawing deformation producing a depression therein for forming a cavity in said electrochromic device for containing an electrolyte;

    preparing a second substrate, wherein said substrate is transparent and is overlaid with a transparent electric conducting layer, said conducting layer being covered on one surface both in a central region, by a layer of a transition metal oxide, and in a contiguous surrounding region, by a protective layer, such that said protective layer laterally surrounds the metal oxide layer, said conductive and oxide layers together constituting an electrochromic electrode, assembling the two substrates together such that the electrochromic electrode and paste or varnish layer face each other across said depression produced by drawing said metallic substrate, said assembly being fluid-tight except for a filling inlet, andfilling the space corresponding to said depression with an electrolyte and sealing said electrolyte therein.

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