Fluid driven tank cleaning apparatus

  • US 5,012,976 A
  • Filed: 11/29/1989
  • Issued: 05/07/1991
  • Est. Priority Date: 11/29/1989
  • Status: Expired due to Term
First Claim
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1. A fluid driven tank cleaning apparatus comprising:

  • an inlet stem having a fluid receiving chamber, an inlet for connecting said fluid receiving chamber to a source of fluid under pressure and a substantially cylindrical rear section having a plurality of discharge openings about its circumference;

    a gear train housing secured to said inlet stem, said gear train housing having a secondary chamber separated from said fluid receiving chamber by a common wall;

    a drive shaft rotatably mounted to said apparatus such that at least a portion of said device shaft is within said receiving chamber;

    drive means connected to said drive shaft and disposed within said inlet for rotating said drive shaft in response to a fluid entering said inlet stem;

    gear reduction means disposed within said secondary chamber and being connected to said drive shaft for reducing the rotation speed of said drive shaft;

    a Tee-housing rotatably mounted to said inlet stem and/or gear training housing so as to rotate about a first axis, said Tee-housing having a generally cylindrical body section about said inlet stem and a nose section which extends for only a portion of the circumference of said rear cylindrical rear section of said inlet stem, said nose section rotates about the circumference of said inlet stem adjacent said discharge openings and has an inlet opening for receiving a fluid exiting from said discharge openings in said rear section of said inlet stem;

    an output shaft rotatably mounted in said secondary chamber, and said output shaft being connected to said drive shaft through said gear reduction means;

    a fluid nozzle assembly mounted to said Tee-housing for rotation about a second axis, said fluid nozzle assembly being fluidly connected to said fluid receiving chamber through said plurality of discharge openings in said inlet stem;

    means for connecting said output shaft to said nozzle assembly so as to cause said nozzle assembly to rotate about said secondary axis in a predetermined manner;

    said discharge openings in said inlet stem having a forward edge and a rear trailing edge with the forward edge of a discharge opening substantially coextending or slightly overlapping the rear edge of a next adjacent discharge opening such that said discharge openings have a size and configuration such that a substantially constant cross-sectional area of discharge opening is directly opposed to and communicates directly with said inlet opening of said nose section of said Tee-housing as said Tee-housing is rotated about said inlet stem.

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