Radio LAN station with improved frame delimiter detection in a spread spectrum environment
First Claim
1. A radio LAN station for receiving information frames including start and end delimiters, said start and end delimiters including data symbols and nondata symbols, said data symbols and nondata symbols being transmitted via a spread spectrum signal and being spread via first and second spreading codes, respectively, said station comprising:
 analog to digital conversion means adapted to provide a digital representation of a received spread spectrum signal;
first correlating means, coupled to said analog to digital conversion means, for correlating a digital representation of said spread spectrum signal against said first spreading code to produce a rectangular representation of said data symbols;
second correlating means, coupled to said analog to digital conversion means, for correlating a digital representation of said spread spectrum signal against said second spreading code to produce a rectangular representation of said nondata symbols;
first converting means, coupled to said first correlating means, for converting said rectangular representation of said data symbols into a polar representation of said data symbols to produce a vector length Z representative thereof;
second converting means, coupled to said second correlating means, for converting said rectangular representation of said nondata symbols into a polar representation of said nondata symbols to produce a vector length Z'"'"' representative thereof; and
means for determining that a symbol is a data symbol if ZZ'"'"' is greater than or equal to a constant A, or that a symbol is a nondata symbol if ZZ1 is less than said constant A, such that the data and nondata symbols representing said start and end delimiters are detected.
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Abstract
A radio LAN station is provided for receiving information frames including start and end delimiters and user data therebetween. The start and end delimiters include both data symbols and special nondata symbols. The data symbols and nondata symbols being transmitted to the radio LAN station are sent thereto via a spread spectrum signal. The data symbols and the nondata symbols are spread via first and second spreading codes, respectively. The receiving radio LAN station includes first and second correlators which respectively correlate the received spread spectrum signal against the first spreading code to retrieve the data symbols and against the second spreading code to retrieve the nondata symbols. Rectangular representations of the received data and nondata symbols are thus produced and are converted to polar form via appropriate rectangular to polar converters. The polar representations of the data and nondata symbols respectively exhibit a vector length Z and a vector length Z'"'"'. The receiving LAN station includes circuitry for determining that a symbol is a data symbol if Z  Z'"'"' is greater than or equal to a constant A, or that a symbol is a nondata symbol if Z  Z1 is less than said constant A. In this manner, the data and nondata symbols representing the start and end delimiters are detected.
107 Citations
10 Claims

1. A radio LAN station for receiving information frames including start and end delimiters, said start and end delimiters including data symbols and nondata symbols, said data symbols and nondata symbols being transmitted via a spread spectrum signal and being spread via first and second spreading codes, respectively, said station comprising:

analog to digital conversion means adapted to provide a digital representation of a received spread spectrum signal; first correlating means, coupled to said analog to digital conversion means, for correlating a digital representation of said spread spectrum signal against said first spreading code to produce a rectangular representation of said data symbols; second correlating means, coupled to said analog to digital conversion means, for correlating a digital representation of said spread spectrum signal against said second spreading code to produce a rectangular representation of said nondata symbols; first converting means, coupled to said first correlating means, for converting said rectangular representation of said data symbols into a polar representation of said data symbols to produce a vector length Z representative thereof; second converting means, coupled to said second correlating means, for converting said rectangular representation of said nondata symbols into a polar representation of said nondata symbols to produce a vector length Z'"'"' representative thereof; and means for determining that a symbol is a data symbol if ZZ'"'"' is greater than or equal to a constant A, or that a symbol is a nondata symbol if ZZ1 is less than said constant A, such that the data and nondata symbols representing said start and end delimiters are detected.


2. A radio LAN station for receiving information frames including start and end delimiters, said start and end delimiters including data symbols and nondata symbols, said data symbols and nondata symbols being transmitted via a spread spectrum signal and being spread via first and second spreading codes, respectively, said station comprising:

downconverting means for downconverting said spread spectrum signal to produce a downconverted spread spectrum signal; analog to digital conversion means, coupled to said downconverting means, for providing a digital representation of said downconverted spread spectrum signal; first correlating means, coupled to said analog to digital conversion means, for correlating a digital representation of said downconverted spread spectrum signal against said first spreading code to produce a rectangular representation of said data symbols; second correlating means, coupled to said analog to digital conversion means, for correlating a digital representation of said downconverted spread spectrum signal against said second spreading code to produce a rectangular representation of said nondata symbols; first converting means, coupled to said first correlating means, for converting said rectangular representation of said data symbols into a polar representation of said data symbols to produce a vector length Z representative thereof; second converting means, coupled to said second correlating means, for converting said rectangular representation of said nondata symbols into a polar representation of said nondata symbols to produce a vector length Z'"'"' representative thereof; and comparing means, coupled to said first and second converting means, for comparing said vector lengths Z and Z'"'"' to determine that a symbol is a data symbol if ZZ'"'"' is greater or equal to a constant A, or that a symbol is a nondata symbol if ZZ1 is less than said constant A, such that the data and nondata symbols representing said start and end delimiters are detected.


3. A method for detecting start and end delimiters sent to a radio LAN station, said start and end delimiters including data symbols and nondata symbols, said data symbols and nondata symbols being transmitted via a spread spectrum signal and being spread via first and second spreading codes, respectively, said method comprising the steps of:

correlating, by said LAN station, of a digital representation of said spread spectrum signal against said first spreading code to produce a rectangular representation of said data symbols; correlating, by said LAN station, of a digital representation of said spread spectrum signal against said second spreading code to produce a rectangular representation of said nondata symbols; converting, by said LAN station, of said rectangular representation of said data symbols into a polar representation of said data symbols to produce a vector length Z representative thereof; converting, by said LAN station, of said rectangular representation of said nondata symbols into a polar representation of said nondata symbols to produce a vector length Z'"'"'representative thereof; and determining that a symbol is a data symbol if ZZ'"'"' is greater or equal to a constant A or that a symbol is a nondata symbol if ZZ1 is less than said constant A, such that the data and nondata symbols representing said start and end delimiters are detected.


4. A method of detecting start and end delimiters transmitted from a first LAN station to a second LAN station, said first station transmitting a frame of information including said start and end delimiters, said start and end delimiters each including a sequence of data and nondata symbols, said data symbols being transmitted by spread spectrum via a first spreading code, said nondata symbols being transmitted by spread spectrum via a second spreading code, thus generating a spread spectrum signal, said method comprising the steps of:

downconverting, by said second station, of said spread spectrum signal; converting, by said second station, of said spread spectrum signal from analog to digital thus producing a digital representation of said spread spectrum signal; correlating, by said second station, of said digital representation of said spread spectrum signal against said first spreading code to produce a rectangular representation of said data symbols; correlating, by said second station, of said digital representation of said spread spectrum signal against said second spreading code to produce a rectangular representation of said nondata symbols; converting, by said second station, of said rectangular representation of data symbols into a polar representation of said data symbols to produce a vector length Z representative thereof; converting, by said second station, of said rectangular representation of said nondata symbols into a polar representation of said nondata symbols to produce a vector length Z'"'"' representative thereof; comparing, by said second station, of said length Z with sad length Z'"'"'; and determining that a symbol is a data symbol if ZZ'"'"' is greater or equal to a constant A or that a symbol is a nondata symbol if ZZ1 is less than said constant A, such that the data and nondata symbols representing said start and end delimiters are detected.


5. A method for use in a radio LAN station for distinguishing start and end frame delimiters from data in a transmitted signal frame, each start delimiter providing synchronization during a corresponding signal frame for detection of data, the transmitted signal frame being transmitted via spread spectrum signal, the method including the steps of:

forming the frame delimiters in combinations of data and nondata symbols; and transmitting sequentially the data symbols using a first spreading code and the nondata symbols using a second spreading code, the first spreading code being generally orthogonal to the second spreading code.  View Dependent Claims (6)


7. A radio receiver for receiving a spread spectrum signal comprising:

first receiving means for receiving data signals transmitted in said spread spectrum signal; and second receiving means, coupled to said first receiving means, for receiving nondata signals transmitted in said spread spectrum signal, nondata signals being generally orthogonal to said data signals and further being sequentially received with respect to said data signals.


8. A radio receiver for local area network comprising:

an input to which a spread spectrum signal is provided; first receiving means, coupled to said input, for receiving data signals transmitted in said spread spectrum signal and including means for recovering said data signals from said spread spectrum signal, said data signals being spread by a first spreading code; and second receiving means, coupled to said input, for receiving nondata signals transmitted in said spread spectrum signal and including means for recovering said nondata signals, said nondata signals being spread by a second spreading code, said nondata signals being generally orthogonal to said data signals and further being sequentially recovered with respect to said data signals.  View Dependent Claims (9, 10)

1 Specification