Multitube falling-film reactor

  • US 5,445,801 A
  • Filed: 05/18/1993
  • Issued: 08/29/1995
  • Est. Priority Date: 05/19/1992
  • Status: Expired due to Fees
First Claim
Patent Images

1. A multitube falling-film reactor for the continuous sulfonation and sulfation of a liquid organic substance by reaction with gaseous sulphuric anhydride SO3, consisting essentially of a plurality of tubular elements means for feeding said liquid organic substance, each tubular element consisting essentially of a nozzle (10) fitted in a first top plate (2);

  • said nozzle comprising a lower part (13), a sleeve (20) fitted in a second top plate (4), said lower part of said nozzle fitting into said sleeve;

    a reaction tube (23) fixed to said sleeve (20) and projecting under said second top plate (4);

    said sleeve having an internal surface and a lower part, said reaction tube having a lower end and an internal surface and being placed in such a way as to cause its internal surface to be flush with said internal surface of said sleeve (20), said lower end of said reaction tube fitting into a double plate system comprising plates (6) and (8), said means for feeding said liquid organic substance is provided with a first distribution chamber (3) placed between said first and second top plates (2) and (4) for feeding said liquid organic substance, said lower part of said nozzle is provided with longitudinal channels (15), defined by said lower part of said nozzle and said internal surface of said sleeve, said liquid organic substance flows through said longitudinal channels (15), collects in a cavity (16), said nozzle (10) has a lower end piece (14), said lower end piece having an external wall, a cylindrical crown-shaped opening (18) being provided between said inner wall of said lower part of said sleeve (20) and said external wall of said lower end piece (14), said opening (18) having constant width and a lower end, said liquid organic substance then flowing down from said cylindrical-crown-shaped opening (18), forming a fluid film which flows down along said internal walls of said reaction tube (23), where it reacts with said gaseous SO3 which moves concurrently thereto, a second distribution chamber (1) being placed upon said first top plate (2) and under a top cap for introducing SO3 at the level of said lower end of said opening (18), wherein said longitudinal channels (15) are defined by a toothed profile radial section of the lower part of said nozzle and said nozzle is adapted to slide within said sleeve (20) and may be placed at different heights.

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