Fan motor

  • US 5,616,974 A
  • Filed: 11/16/1994
  • Issued: 04/01/1997
  • Est. Priority Date: 06/21/1994
  • Status: Expired due to Fees
First Claim
Patent Images

1. I claim, in a fan motor which consists of (i) a rotor (2) which is constructed by positioning a plurality of permanent magnets (4a), (4b), (4c) and (4d) at prescribed relative angles on the circumferential rim portion of a vane wheel (3), and (ii) a stator (10) which is constructed by positioning one or more electromagnet(s) (5) and at least one magnetic body to be placed in one of a plurality of recesses on an inside circumferential portion of a casing (11);

  • and in which a conductive circuit (20) is connected to a field magnetic coil(s) (5b) of an aforementioned electromagnet(s) (5), (c) the aforementioned recesses [magnetic body (or bodies (6)] are positioned in a prescribed relatively offset angular position (P1) or (P2) with respect to tile aforementioned electromagnet(s) (5) such selection which may be made after installation of such fan motor and such selection which will allow a change of direction of rotation of the vane wheel, (d) a detector (7) which detects when the permanent magnets (4a), (4b), (4c) and (4d) of the vane wheel (3) are in the vicinity of the aforementioned relatively offset angular position (P1) or (P2), and which accordingly connects the aforementioned conductive circuit (20), is attached to the inside circumferential portion of the aforementioned casing (11);

    and which is constructed so that (i) when tile conductive circuit (20) is in an "off" state, the magnetic force of the permanent magnets (4a), (4b), (4c) and (4d) of the vane wheel (3) acts respectively on a core (5a) of the electromagnet(s) (5) and the magnetic body (or bodies) (6) so that the vane wheel (3) is offset toward the aforementioned relatively offset angular position (P1) or (P2) with respect to the electromagnet(s) (5), and (ii) when the conductive circuit (20) is in a conductive state, the repulsive force of the electromagnet(s) (5) acts on the permanent magnets (4a), (4b), (4c) and (4d), thus causing the vane wheel (3) to rotate;

    the circumferential edge portions of vanes (3a) of the aforementioned vane wheel (3) are connected by a circumferential-edge ring (3c) across the entire width of said vanes (3a) (with respect to the axial direction).

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