Method and apparatus for determining battery properties from complex impedance/admittance

  • US 6,037,777 A
  • Filed: 09/11/1998
  • Issued: 03/14/2000
  • Est. Priority Date: 09/11/1998
  • Status: Expired due to Term
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First Claim
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1. A device for determining values of at least one of 2n elements comprising an equivalent circuit model of an electrochemical cell or battery where n is an integer equal to or greater than two, said device comprising:

  • measuring circuitry adapted to couple to said cell or battery and adapted to pass a periodic current through said cell or battery, to sense a periodic voltage across said cell or battery, and to determine a real part and an imaginary part of complex immittance of said cell or battery at a measurement frequency comprising a component frequency of said periodic current and said periodic voltage;

    control circuitry coupled to said measuring circuitry and adapted to command said measuring circuitry to select each one of n said measurement frequencies thereby defining n said real parts, n said imaginary parts and n said measurement frequencies; and

    ,computation circuitry coupled to said measuring circuitry and to said control circuitry and adapted to numerically combine values of said n real parts, said n imaginary parts, and said n measurement frequencies to determine said values of at least one of said 2n elements comprising said equivalent circuit model of said electrochemical cell or battery.

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