Detecting the energy input into a solid or a workpiece

Detecting the energy input into a solid or a workpiece

  • CN 101,448,613 B
  • Filed: 05/21/2007
  • Issued: 11/20/2013
  • Est. Priority Date: 05/23/2006
  • Status: Active Grant
First Claim
Patent Images

1. for by energy source, weakening the method that position (2) joins solid, the energy of described energy source by local action targetedly is added on the position that energy adds and weakens described solid, wherein, described solid is pottery or glass, described energy source is burner, the ultra-violet radiation device, the visible radiation device, infrared radiator or local stretching, and described weakening position is parallel off groove or common break line, it is characterized in that, before described energy adds and/or simultaneously, to the position that described energy adds, load and carry the look material, thereby on the position that described energy adds, realize physics or visible variation chemistry of described solid.by method claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, part surface ground loads and carries the look material to described solid.by the described method of claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, so that order and frequency load a year look material on described solid arbitrarily.by method claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the look material was used with the form of the combination of dissolved or suspension or disperse or powder type or these forms in described year.by method claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described year look material is at least a element or at least a compound of at least a element in these elements or the combination of compound and element in vanadium or manganese or copper or silver or tungsten or nickel or cobalt or chromium or iron or these elements of zinc.by method claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that,Use carrier liquid (8), in described carrier liquid (8), mixed described year look material, and described carrier liquid (8) is solution or suspension or dispersoid or its combination of described year look material, wherein, the concentration of described at least a year look material is at least 0.01 grams per liter carrier liquid;

  • And/orUse carrier mass (9), the concentration of having mixed pulverous year look material and described year look material in described carrier mass (9) accounts for the share of 0.001 weight percent point at least in described carrier mass (9), and described carrier mass (9) comprises at least a adhesive force agent and/or at least a binding agent of increasing.7. by method claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, for described solid, can be with random order single ground or repeatedly with same or different one-tenth, assign to use carrier liquid (8) and/or carrier mass (9).8. by method claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, for carrier liquid (8) and/or carrier mass (9), can regulate colourity by the variable concentrations of described year look material in carrier liquid (8) and/or carrier mass (9), the rising of the concentration of wherein said year look material in described carrier liquid (8) and/or carrier mass (9) is proportional with the intensity of the variable color that produces in described solid.9. by method claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, for carrier liquid (8) and/or carrier mass (9), the different energy that chrominance passband is crossed described energy source adds to regulate, wherein when the concentration of described carrier liquid (8) and/or carrier mass (9) was identical with composition, the rising that energy adds caused the variation of variable color intensity.10. by method claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, is to regulate variable color, changes described year look material concentration and/or intensity of adding of change energy in described carrier liquid (8) and/or carrier mass (9).11. by method claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that, the variation of the intensity of described variable color is assessed for the weakening position (2) to described solid and/or weakening position (2) weakening degree.12. by method claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, before energy adds and/or in process, at least a other solid or material liquid is contacted with the position that energy adds, and described material is among the energy adition process or infiltrate afterwards in described weakening position (2), wherein, for described other solid or material liquid, use fluorescein or resorcinol or magenta or their combination.13. by method claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, at least a carrier liquid (8) and/or carrier mass (9) add and synchronously flow to the position that energy adds by at least one induction system (12) and energy.14. by method claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, at least a carrier liquid (8) and/or carrier mass (9) in tank (7), mix or effectively stir and through metering or without metering flow to the position that described energy adds.15. by method claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, for every kind of carrier liquid (8) and/or carrier mass (9) uses respectively the discharging opening (11) of independent tank (7) and described tank (7) to be connected in parallel to each other and/or to connect and in procedure through metering or without metering ground from the same or different amount of taking-up described tank (7).16. by method claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described solid is workpiece (1).17. solid, weakening position (2) with partial accession, this weakening position (2) extends to its inside from the surface of described solid, wherein, described solid is pottery or glass, and described weakening position is parallel off groove or common break line, it is characterized in that, described weakening position (2) can be detected and/or do upper color mark by the look material that carries that infiltrates, wherein, before the energy be used to adding described weakening position (2) adds and/or simultaneously, to the position that energy adds, load and carry the look material.18. by the described solid of claim 17, it is characterized in that, described material can go out fluorescence by radiation excitation.19. by the described solid of claim 18, it is characterized in that, the material of described solid is made by a kind of in following material group or their combination;

    A) have " aluminium oxide " greater than the principal component share of the aluminium oxide of 50.1 weight percent pointsB) have " zirconia " greater than the zirconic principal component share of 50.1 weight percent pointsC) have " aluminium nitride " greater than the principal component share of the aluminium nitride of 50.1 weight percent pointsD) have " silicon nitride " greater than the principal component share of the silicon nitride of 50.1 weight percent pointsAnd comprise CaO or SiO as the described material of additive 2Or MgO or B 2O 3Or Y 2O 3Or Sc 2O 3Or CeO 2Or Cu-oxide or their combination. 20. by the described solid of any one in claim 17 to 19, it is characterized in that, on described solid, arranged the common or painted zone that separate with identical and/or different discolourations and/or variable color intensity.21. by the described solid of claim 17, it is characterized in that, described solid is workpiece (1).22. by the described solid of claim 18, it is characterized in that, described material can motivate fluorescence by ultraviolet light.

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