Energy storage type of differential hybrid power distribution system

Energy storage type of differential hybrid power distribution system

  • CN 101,450,619 A
  • Filed: 11/26/2008
  • Published: 06/10/2009
  • Est. Priority Date: 12/04/2007
  • Status: Active Application
First Claim
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1. , a kind of energy storage type of differential hybrid power distribution system, it is characterized in that, described system is in order to drive the all-wheel drive vehicle, main rotary kinetic energy mouth by the rotary motive power source, intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device or hookup mechanism through speed change or clutch function, so that rotary kinetic energy is transmitted the power driven front-wheel through the front drove assembly, and with the input end of power transmission to the accumulated energy type difference mixed power device, mouth via the accumulated energy type difference mixed power device drives trailing wheel again, is provided with the group of motors with electrical generator and motor function in this accumulated energy type difference mixed power device, and the transmission differential wheels of three-end axle, and electric storage and discharge device, and electrical controller is formed;

  • The structure of the differential wheels of above-mentioned three-end axle contains two differential shafts and one group of input shaft, its input shaft directly or be coupled in the rotating element of electric machine through driving device, and one of them differential shaft of two differential shafts is for the rotary kinetic energy mouth that is linked in intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device, another differential shaft is for driving trailing wheel, or for driving other loads, its main composition contains;

    Rotary motive power unit (100);

    by being constituted by the rotary motive power source, its rotary output shaft (101) is through power-transfer clutch (102) or intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103) with transmission system function, to drive front-wheel (107), reach through driving difference mixed power device (104) and directly or through differential wheels (113) drive trailing wheel (114) through front drove assembly (106);

    Intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103);

    comprise having hand row or row or manually constitute certainly from the man-machine operation interface device of arranging customs uses such as transmission system and other power-transfer clutchs, for switching variable speed drive (VSD) front-wheel (107), the input end of intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103) is the rotary kinetic energy for input rotary motive power unit (100), one of its mouth supplies to drive front drove assembly (106), and then drives front-wheel (107);

    Another mouth of intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103), for the differential shaft (105) that connects difference mixed power device (104) with the transmission rotary kinetic energy, and by another differential shaft (110) of difference mixed power device (104) for directly or through differential wheels (113) connecting trailing wheel (114);

    Difference mixed power device (104);

    for by electric machine (108), form with the differential wheels of three-end axle (109) in conjunction with transmission, its structure contains two differential shafts (105), (110) and one group of input shaft (111) be linked in differential wheels (109) structure that is three-end axle, input shaft (111) directly or through driving device is coupled in electric machine (108), and two differential shafts (105), (110), wherein a differential shaft (105) is for directly or through power-transfer clutch (1116) connecting rotary kinetic energy mouth from intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103), another differential shaft (110) supplies directly or through differential wheels (113) to be coupled in trailing wheel (114), or for driving other loads;

    The differential wheels of above-mentioned three-end axle (109) also can replace it by the wandering star type wheels, and gear cluster also can be replaced by rubbing effect driving device or other drivings device;

    Differential shaft (105);

    for exporting via intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103), the output shaft (101) of its output speed and rotary motive power unit (100) can be has straight ratio or variable speed specific speed ratio;

    Front drove assembly (106);

    the transmission device that the custom of serving as reasons is used constitutes, for the rotary kinetic energy of input from intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103), and then driving front-wheel (107), alternative is provided with the differential wheels of front-wheel (1017) in its structure, and drive front-wheel (107) by its all right one way or the other differential output end, or selectivity is provided with driving wheel group for driving independent wheels, in addition also according to need the selectivity setting can control power-transfer clutch (1016), for transmission or cut off intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103) to the rotary kinetic energy of differential wheels of front-wheel (1017) and front-wheel (107);

    Described device can be according to load characteristic selectivity setting or be not provided with;

    Power-transfer clutch (1016);

    for by the arrangement of clutch that manpower or mechanical force or electromagnetic force or dynaflow or centnifugal force etc. drove, or constituted by unidirectional transmission;

    Described power-transfer clutch (1016) is for supplying to be arranged at intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103) rotary kinetic energy mouth, and between the differential wheels of front-wheel (1017), for accept controlling of central controller (118) do in conjunction with or the running that breaks away from, with the connection of controlling rotary kinetic energy between front-wheel (107) and intermediate drive and the operating and controlling interface device (103) or cut off;

    The selectivity setting or be not provided with according to need of described power-transfer clutch;

    Power-transfer clutch (1116);

    for by the arrangement of clutch that manpower or mechanical force or electromagnetic force or dynaflow or centnifugal force etc. drove, or constituted by unidirectional transmission;

    Described power-transfer clutch (1116) is for supplying to be linked in intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103) rotary kinetic energy mouth, and between the differential shaft (105) of difference mixed power device (104), for accept controlling of central controller (118) do in conjunction with or the running that breaks away from, with the connection of controlling rotary kinetic energy between intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103) and the difference mixed power device (104) or cut off;

    The selectivity setting or be not provided with according to need of described power-transfer clutch;

    Drg (116);

    for the brake equipment of controlling by manpower or mechanical force or electromagnetic force or dynaflow, for being arranged between the rotor and static body of electric machine (108);

    Described device can be selected to be provided with or not to be provided with according to need;

    Drg (126);

    for the brake equipment of controlling by manpower or mechanical force or electromagnetic force or dynaflow, for being arranged between differential shaft (105) and the static body;

    Described device can be selected to be provided with or not to be provided with according to need;

    Electric machine (108);

    can be by interchange or direct current, brushless or have brush electric machine structure to be constituted, control to accept the driving of driving circuit device (115) do, be provided with drg (116) between the rotating shaft of rotor and fixed part casing, drg (116) is accepted controlling of central controller (118), is closed braking or release with rotor and the fixed part casing of controlling electric machine (108);

    Drg (116) can be selected to be provided with or not to be provided with according to need;

    Electric machine (108) is made for the motor function running when the input electric energy, turn round and when being driven, make generator function by the back rotation the subject of knowledge and the object of knowledge, its generating electric energy can supply to electric storage and discharge device (117) charging or to other electric, the electric machine mat forms counter torque when generating electricity the electric current of exporting, and form differential damping function, or the regenerative electric power braking function when being provided as braking brake at the differential wheels of the three-end axle that is coupled;

    In addition when engine has speed discrepancy because of road condition change as driving active force between front-wheel and the trailing wheel, but the electric machine (108) of mat difference mixed power device (104) is done the generator function running so that electric storage and discharge device is charged, and mat is controlled its rechargeable electrical energy controlling the counter torque of electric machine (108), and then the power distribution between passive regulation and control front-wheel and trailing wheel;

    When between the load of front and back end, having speed discrepancy because of road condition change, or in the uphill/downhill road or when quickening to adjust power distribution between front-wheel and the trailing wheel rapidly, electric machine (108) also can be accepted controlling of central controller (118) and driving circuit device (115), do the forward or reverse running of motor function with the electric energy drive motor means (108) of mat electric storage and discharge device (117), drive load to make gyroscopic output separately, or turn round driving front-wheel (107) and trailing wheel (114) simultaneously with engine;

    Or the mat motor does the running of forward or reverse, with the power distribution of active adjustment front-wheel and trailing wheel;

    Driving circuit device (115);

    serve as reasons electromechanics or solid-state electronic element constitute, for being arranged between electric machine (108) and the electric storage and discharge device (117), for accepting controlling of central controller (118), do the forward or reverse running of motor function to control electric machine (108), or control electric machine (108) and turn round as generator function, electric storage and discharge device (117) is charged or controls to other load output electric energy, and the electric energy of mat control generating output is in electric machine (108) formation counter torque, to control the power distribution between front-wheel and the trailing wheel;

    Central controller (118);

    by being constituted, control instruction for output and transport to driving circuit device (115) controlling electric machine (108), and control rotary motive power unit (100) and control aforementioned clutch and drg by motor or solid-state electronic element;

    Electric storage and discharge device (117);

    the serve as reasons secondary battery that can discharge and recharge or electric capacity or electrochemical capacitance constitute;

    Front-wheel (107);

    contain by one or more wheels or crawler belt or other loads and constituted, by intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103) institute direct drive, or driven through the front end driving device (106) that selectivity is provided with by intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103);

    Trailing wheel (114);

    contain by one or more by directly or through driving device, or the wheels that driven through differential wheels (113) or crawler belt or other loads constitute;

    Described energy storage type of differential hybrid power distribution system, the structure setting of its each inter-module can be done selection according to need, and its frame mode is as follows, wherein;

    Difference mixed power device (104) can need select set-up mode as follows according to structure;

    (1) difference mixed power device (104) can be with differential wheels (113) and is rendered as same structure;

    Or(2) difference mixed power device (104) can be with intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103) and is rendered as same structure;

    Or(3) difference mixed power device (104) can be and is arranged between intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103) and the differential wheels (113);

    Drg (126) and power-transfer clutch (1116) can need select set-up mode as follows according to structure;

    (1) drg (126) can be and is arranged at difference mixed power device (104);

    Or(2) drg (126) can be with power-transfer clutch (1116) and is arranged at intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103) jointly;

    Or(3) power-transfer clutch (1116) can be and is arranged at intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103);

    Or(4) power-transfer clutch (1116) can be with drg (126) and is arranged at difference mixed power device (104) jointly;

    Or(5) power-transfer clutch (1116) and drg (126) can be same constructional device;

    Or(6) power-transfer clutch (1116) can be independent setting;

    Or(7) drg (126) can be independent setting;

    Or(8) drg (126) and power-transfer clutch (1116) can be same constructional device and independent the setting;

    Power-transfer clutch (102) can need select set-up mode as follows according to structure;

    (1) power-transfer clutch (102) can be and is arranged at rotary motive power unit (100);

    Or(2) power-transfer clutch (102) can be and is arranged at intermediate drive and operating and controlling interface device (103);

    Or(3) power-transfer clutch (102) can be and independently is arranged between rotary motive power unit (100) and intermediate drive and the operating and controlling interface device (103).

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