Energy storage type of differential hybrid power distribution system

Energy storage type of differential hybrid power distribution system

  • CN 101,450,619 B
  • Filed: 11/26/2008
  • Issued: 03/09/2016
  • Est. Priority Date: 12/04/2007
  • Status: Active Grant
First Claim
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1. an energy storage type of differential hybrid power distribution system, it is characterized in that, described system is in order to drive the a11wheel drive vehicle, primarily of the rotary kinetic energy mouth in rotary motive power source, through the intermediate transmission of speed change or clutch function and operating and controlling interface device or hookup mechanism, so that rotary kinetic energy is transmitted power driven front-wheel through front drove assembly, and by power transmission to the input end of accumulated energy type difference mixed power device, mouth again via accumulated energy type difference mixed power device drives trailing wheel, the group of motors with electrical generator and motor function is provided with in this accumulated energy type difference mixed power device, and the differential wheels of transmission three-end axle, and electric storage and discharge device, and electrical controller formed, the structure of the differential wheels of above-mentioned three-end axle contains two differential shafts and one group of input shaft, its input shaft directly or be coupled in the rotating element of electric machine through driving device, and one of them differential shaft of two differential shafts is for the rotary kinetic energy mouth being linked in intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device, another differential shaft is for driving trailing wheel, or for driving other loads, its main composition contains:

  • Rotary motive power unit (100);

    by being made up of rotary motive power source, its rotary output shaft (101) is through first clutch (102) or intermediate transmission and the operating and controlling interface device (103) with transmission system function, to drive front-wheel (107) through front drove assembly (106), and through driving difference mixed power device (104) directly or through differential wheels (113) to drive trailing wheel (114);

    Intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103);

    comprise and there is hand row or from row or manual to form from row'"'"'s transmission system and other power-transfer clutchs man-machine operation interface device accustomed to using, for switching variable speed drive (VSD) front-wheel (107), the input end of intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103) is the rotary kinetic energy for input rotary motive power unit (100), one of its mouth supplies to drive front drove assembly (106), and then drives front-wheel (107);

    Another mouth of intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103), for connecting first differential shaft (105) of difference mixed power device (104) to transmit rotary kinetic energy, and supplied directly by second differential shaft (110) of difference mixed power device (104) or connect trailing wheel (114) through differential wheels (113);

    Difference mixed power device (104);

    for by electric machine (108), formed in conjunction with the differential wheels of transmission three-end axle (109), its structure is containing the first differential shaft (105), second differential shaft (110) and one group of input shaft (111) are linked in differential wheels (109) structure in three-end axle, input shaft (111) is direct or be coupled in electric machine (108) through driving device, and the first differential shaft (105), second differential shaft (110), wherein, first differential shaft (105) is for directly or through the 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) connecting the rotary kinetic energy mouth from intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103), second differential shaft (110) supplies directly or is coupled in trailing wheel (114) through differential wheels (113), or for driving other loads, the differential wheels of above-mentioned three-end axle (109) also can replace it by wandering star type wheels, and gear cluster also can be replaced by rubbing effect driving device or other drivings device,First differential shaft (105);

    for exporting via intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103), the output shaft (101) of its output speed and rotary motive power unit (100) such as to have at speed ratio or the variable speed specific speed ratio;

    Front drove assembly (106);

    by being made up of the transmission device got used to, for the rotary kinetic energy inputted from intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103), and then drive front-wheel (107), in its structure, alternative arranges the differential wheels of front-wheel (1017), and drive front-wheel (107) by its all right one way or the other differential output end, or selectivity arranges driving wheel group for driving independent wheels, in addition also selectivity setting second clutch (1016) can be manipulated according to need, for transmission or cut off intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103) rotary kinetic energy to the differential wheels of front-wheel (1017) and front-wheel (107), described front drove assembly (106) selectivity can arrange or not arrange according to load characteristic,Second clutch (1016);

    be the arrangement of clutch driven by manpower or mechanical force or electromagnetic force or dynaflow or centnifugal force, or formed by unidirectional transmission;

    Described second clutch (1016) is arranged at intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103) rotary kinetic energy mouth for supplying, and between the differential wheels of front-wheel (1017), for the running that the manipulation that accepts central controller (118) combines or departs from, to manipulate the connection of rotary kinetic energy between front-wheel (107) and intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103) or to cut off;

    Described second clutch can selectivity arrange or not arrange according to need;

    3rd power-transfer clutch (1116);

    be the arrangement of clutch driven by manpower or mechanical force or electromagnetic force or dynaflow or centnifugal force, or formed by unidirectional transmission;

    Described 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) is linked in intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103) rotary kinetic energy mouth for supplying, and between first differential shaft (105) of difference mixed power device (104), for the running that the manipulation that accepts central controller (118) combines or departs from, with manipulate intermediate transmission and between operating and controlling interface device (103) and difference mixed power device (104) rotary kinetic energy connection or cut off;

    Described 3rd power-transfer clutch can selectivity arrange or not arrange according to need;

    First drg (116);

    be the brake equipment manipulated by manpower or mechanical force or electromagnetic force or dynaflow, between the rotor being arranged at electric machine (108) and static body;

    Described first drg can be selected to arrange or do not arrange according to need;

    Second brake (126);

    be the brake equipment manipulated by manpower or mechanical force or electromagnetic force or dynaflow, for being arranged between the first differential shaft (105) and static body;

    Described second brake can be selected to arrange or do not arrange according to need;

    Electric machine (108);

    can by exchange or direct current, brushless or have brush electric machine structure to form, do to drive manipulation to accept driving circuit device (115), the first drg (116) is provided with between the rotating shaft of rotor and fixed part casing, first drg (116) accepts the manipulation of central controller (118), brakes with the rotor and fixed part casing that manipulate electric machine (108) or discharges in closed;

    First drg (116) can be selected to arrange or do not arrange according to need;

    Electric machine (108) is made for motor function running in time inputting electric energy, and in time being driven by back rotation the subject of knowledge and the object of knowledge, do generator function running, its generating electric energy can supply to electric storage and discharge device (117) charging or to other load supplyings, counter torque is formed during the electric current that the generating of electric machine mat exports, and form differential damping function at the differential wheels of be coupled three-end axle, or regenerative electric power braking function when being provided as braking brake;

    In addition in engine has speed discrepancy as driving active force because of road condition change between front-wheel and trailing wheel time, the electric machine (108) of mat difference mixed power device (104) generator function running can be done to charge to electric storage and discharge device, and mat manipulates its rechargeable electrical energy to manipulate the counter torque of electric machine (108), and then the power distribution between passive regulation and control front-wheel and trailing wheel;

    When there is because of road condition change speed discrepancy between the load of front and back end, or in uphill/downhill road or when accelerating rapidly to adjust the power distribution between front-wheel and trailing wheel, electric machine (108) also can accept the manipulation of central controller (118) and driving circuit device (115), the forward or reverse running of motor function is done with the electrical energy drive electric machine (108) of mat electric storage and discharge device (117), drive load to make separately gyroscopic output, or turn round with engine simultaneously and drive front-wheel (107) and trailing wheel (114);

    Or the running of forward or reverse done by mat motor, with the power distribution of active adjustment front-wheel and trailing wheel;

    Driving circuit device (115);

    by being made up of dynamo-electric or solid state electrical components, for being arranged between electric machine (108) and electric storage and discharge device (117), for the manipulation accepting central controller (118), to manipulate the forward or reverse running that electric machine (108) makes motor function, or manipulation electric machine (108) operates as generator function, to export electric energy to electric storage and discharge device (117) charging or manipulation to other loads, and the electric energy that mat controls generating output forms counter torque at electric machine (108), to manipulate the power distribution between front-wheel and trailing wheel,Central controller (118);

    by being made up of motor or solid state electrical components, transmit out manipulation instruction and transport to driving circuit device (115) to manipulate electric machine (108), and manipulate rotary motive power unit (100) and manipulate aforementioned clutch and drg;

    Electric storage and discharge device (117);

    by by can the secondary battery of discharge and recharge or electric capacity or electrochemical capacitance be formed;

    Front-wheel (107);

    formed containing by one or more wheels or crawler belt or other loads, by intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103) institute Direct driver, or the front end transmission device (106) arranged through selectivity by intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103) driven;

    Trailing wheel (114);

    containing by one or more by directly or through driving device, or the wheels driven through differential wheels (113) or crawler belt or other loads formed;

    Described energy storage type of differential hybrid power distribution system, the vibrational power flow of its each inter-module, can select according to need, and its frame mode is as follows, wherein;

    Difference mixed power device (104) needs set-up mode as follows according to structure;

    (1) difference mixed power device (104) and differential wheels (113) are rendered as same structure;

    Or(2) difference mixed power device (104) is rendered as same structure with intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103);

    Or(3) difference mixed power device (104) is arranged at intermediate transmission and between operating and controlling interface device (103) and differential wheels (113);

    Second brake (126) and the 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) can need to select set-up mode as follows according to structure;

    (1) second brake (126) is arranged at difference mixed power device (104);

    Or(2) second brake (126) and the 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) are arranged at intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103) jointly;

    Or(3) the 3rd power-transfer clutchs (1116) are arranged at intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103);

    Or(4) the 3rd power-transfer clutchs (1116) and second brake (126) are arranged at difference mixed power device (104) jointly;

    Or(5) the 3rd power-transfer clutchs (1116) and second brake (126) same structure device;

    Or(6) the 3rd power-transfer clutchs (1116) are independent to be arranged;

    Or(7) second brake (126) is independent is arranged;

    Or(8) second brake (126) and the 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) same structure device and independently arrange;

    First clutch (102) can need to select set-up mode as follows according to structure;

    (1) first clutch (102) is arranged at rotary motive power unit (100);

    Or(2) first clutch (102) is arranged at intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103);

    Or(3) first clutch (102) is independently arranged between rotary motive power unit (100) and intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103);

    Wherein, described electric machine (108) is to the mode of the differential adjustment between front-wheel (107) and trailing wheel (114) or power distribution, comprise the forward or reverse running being made motor function by the electrical energy drive electric machine (108) of electric storage and discharge device (117), with the speed discrepancy of load between active adjustment front-wheel and trailing wheel or power distribution;

    Or rotary kinetic energy does the running of generator function via the differential wheels of three-end axle (109) drive motor means (108), its generating electric energy is for the load supplying charged to electric storage and discharge device (117) or to other electrical energy drive, the electric energy that its generating exports forms counter torque at electric machine (108), and form differential damping function at the differential wheels of be coupled three-end axle (109), with the slip between passive adjustment front-wheel (107) and trailing wheel (114);

    Described energy storage type of differential hybrid power distribution system, when being applied to the a11wheel drive vehicle, can the manipulation of mat intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103) and central controller (118), to manipulate first clutch (102), second clutch (1016), the 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116), the first drg (116), second brake (126), and through driving circuit device (115) drive motor means (108), and there is following all or part of function contain;

    (1) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) closes, second clutch (1016) departs from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) closes, second brake (126) departs from, first drg (116) is for departing from, the manipulation of electric energy through driving circuit device (115) of mat electric storage and discharge device (117), drive motor means (108) operates as the forward or reverse of motor function, jointly turn round with engine and drive trailing wheel (114), to regulate and control the power of trailing wheel (114), assist in acceleration, climbing, descending, antiskid, the running of the various demand of braking brake, or(2) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) closes, second clutch (1016) is closed, second brake (126) departs from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) closes, first drg (116) departs from, the manipulation of electric energy through driving circuit device (115) of mat electric storage and discharge device (117), drive motor means (108) operates as motor function, and the forward or reverse running of mat electric machine (108), jointly turn round with engine and drive front-wheel (107) and trailing wheel (114), to regulate and control the power distribution of front-wheel (107) and trailing wheel (114), and then control system does all-wheel powered running, assist in acceleration, climbing, descending, antiskid, the running of the various demand of braking brake, or(3) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) closes, first drg (116) is for departing from, second clutch (1016) departs from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) closes, second brake (126) departs from, the manipulation of electric energy through driving circuit device (115) of mat electric storage and discharge device (117), drive motor means (108) operates as the forward or reverse of motor function, jointly turn round with engine and drive trailing wheel (114), to regulate and control the power of trailing wheel (114), assist in acceleration, climbing, descending, antiskid, the running of the various demand of braking brake, and make engine be run on optimum fuel make a gesture of measuring the higher region compared with fuel saving of energy efficiency by manipulation, or(4) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) closes, second clutch (1016) is closed, second brake (126) departs from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) closes, first drg (116) departs from, the manipulation of electric energy through driving circuit device (115) of mat electric storage and discharge device (117), drive motor means (108) operates as motor function, and the forward or reverse running of mat electric machine (108), jointly turn round with engine and drive front-wheel (107) and trailing wheel (114), to regulate and control the power distribution of front-wheel (107) and trailing wheel (114), and then control system does all-wheel powered running, assist in acceleration, climbing, descending, antiskid, the running of the various demand of braking brake, and make engine be run on optimum fuel make a gesture of measuring the higher region compared with fuel saving of energy efficiency by manipulation, or(5) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) closes, second clutch (1016) is for departing from, second brake (126) is in departing from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) closes, first drg (116) departs from, first differential shaft (105) of mat difference mixed power device (104), be coupled through the 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) with the rotary kinetic energy mouth of intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103), and second differential shaft (110) of difference mixed power device (104), be coupled for driving the differential wheels of trailing wheel (113) of trailing wheel (114), when there is speed discrepancy between first differential shaft (105) and the second differential shaft (110) of difference mixed power device (104), mat speed discrepancy drive motor means (108) between the two, produce generator function to charge to electric storage and discharge device (117), and the size of mat manipulation charging current, and then the size of manipulation differential couple moment of torsion, to regulate and control the power of trailing wheel (114), or(6) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) closes, second clutch (1016) is for departing from, second brake (126) is in departing from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) closes, first drg (116) departs from, first differential shaft (105) of mat difference mixed power device (104), be coupled through the 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) with the rotary kinetic energy mouth of intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103), and second differential shaft (110) of difference mixed power device (104), be coupled for driving the differential wheels of trailing wheel (113) of trailing wheel (114), when there is speed discrepancy between first differential shaft (105) and the second differential shaft (110) of difference mixed power device (104), mat speed discrepancy drive motor means (108) between the two, produce generator function to charge to electric storage and discharge device (117), and the size of mat manipulation charging current, and then the size of manipulation differential couple moment of torsion, to regulate and control the power of trailing wheel (114), and make engine be run on optimum fuel make a gesture of measuring the higher region compared with fuel saving of energy efficiency by manipulation, or(7) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) closes, second clutch (1016) is closed, second brake (126) is in closed, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) is also in departing from, first drg (116) departs from, first differential shaft (105) of difference mixed power device (104), locked by second brake (126), second differential shaft (110) of difference mixed power device (104), be coupled for driving the differential wheels of trailing wheel (113) of trailing wheel (114), when engine drives front-wheel (107), the trailing wheel (114) set by same structure car body that mat is provided with front-wheel (107) is driven by do towing, make, between first differential shaft (105) of difference mixed power device (104) and the second differential shaft (110), there is speed discrepancy, mat speed discrepancy between the two, drive motor means (108) produces generator function and charges to electric storage and discharge device (117), and the size of mat manipulation charging current, and then the size of manipulation differential couple moment of torsion, to regulate and control the power of front-wheel (107), or(8) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) closes, second clutch (1016) is closed, second brake (126) is in closed, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) is also in departing from, first drg (116) departs from, first differential shaft (105) of difference mixed power device (104), locked by second brake (126), second differential shaft (110) of difference mixed power device (104), be coupled for driving the differential wheels of trailing wheel (113) of trailing wheel (114), when engine drives front-wheel (107), the trailing wheel (114) set by same structure car body that mat is provided with front-wheel (107) is driven by do towing, make, between first differential shaft (105) of difference mixed power device (104) and the second differential shaft (110), there is speed discrepancy, mat speed discrepancy between the two, drive motor means (108) produces generator function and charges to electric storage and discharge device (117), and the size of mat manipulation charging current, and then the size of manipulation differential couple moment of torsion, to regulate and control the power of front-wheel (107), and make engine be run on optimum fuel make a gesture of measuring the higher region compared with fuel saving of energy efficiency by manipulation, or(9) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) closes, second clutch (1016) is for departing from, second brake (126) is in departing from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) closes, first drg (116) departs from, first differential shaft (105) of difference mixed power device (104), be coupled through the 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) with the rotary kinetic energy mouth of intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103), and second differential shaft (110) of difference mixed power device (104), directly or through the differential wheels of trailing wheel (113) drive trailing wheel (114), and pass through the manipulation of electric energy through driving circuit device (115) of electric storage and discharge device (117), the electric machine (108) of difference mixed power device (104) is driven to do motor function running, making rotating speed is added with aid engine driving trailing wheel (114), or(10) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) closes, second clutch (1016) is closed, second brake (126) is in departing from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) closes, first drg (116) departs from, first differential shaft (105) of difference mixed power device (104), be coupled through the 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) with the rotary kinetic energy mouth of intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103), and second differential shaft (110) of difference mixed power device (104), directly or through the differential wheels of trailing wheel (113), drive trailing wheel (114), and pass through the manipulation of electric energy through driving circuit device (115) of electric storage and discharge device (117), the electric machine (108) of difference mixed power device (104) is driven to do motor function running, making rotating speed is added with aid engine driving front-wheel (107) and trailing wheel (114), and then control system does all-wheel powered running, or(11) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) closes, second clutch (1016) is for departing from, second brake (126) is in departing from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) closes, first drg (116) departs from, first differential shaft (105) of difference mixed power device (104), be coupled through the 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) with the rotary kinetic energy mouth of intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103), and second differential shaft (110) of difference mixed power device (104), directly or through the differential wheels of trailing wheel (113) drive trailing wheel (114), and pass through the manipulation of electric energy through driving circuit device (115) of electric storage and discharge device (117), the electric machine (108) of difference mixed power device (104) is driven to do motor function running, trailing wheel (114) is driven with aid engine, and make engine be run on optimum fuel make a gesture of measuring the higher region compared with fuel saving of energy efficiency by manipulation,(12) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) closes, second clutch (1016) is closed, second brake (126) is in departing from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) closes, first drg (116) departs from, first differential shaft (105) of difference mixed power device (104), be coupled through the 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) with the rotary kinetic energy mouth of intermediate transmission and operating and controlling interface device (103), and second differential shaft (110) of difference mixed power device (104), directly or through the differential wheels of trailing wheel (113), drive trailing wheel (114), and pass through the manipulation of electric energy through driving circuit device (115) of electric storage and discharge device (117), the electric machine (108) of difference mixed power device (104) is driven to do motor function running, front-wheel (107) and trailing wheel (114) is driven with aid engine, and then control system does all-wheel powered running, and make engine be run on optimum fuel make a gesture of measuring the higher region compared with fuel saving of energy efficiency by manipulation,(13) the 3rd power-transfer clutchs (1116) are in departing from, second brake (126) is in closed, first drg (116) departs from, by the manipulation of electric energy through driving circuit device (115) of electric storage and discharge device (117), drive the electric machine (108) of difference mixed power device (104), drive trailing wheel (114) with the gyroscopic output making separately forward or reverse;

    Or(14) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) is in closed, second clutch (1016) is in closed, first drg (116) is in departing from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) is in departing from, second brake (126) is in closed, front-wheel (107) is driven through second clutch (1016) by engine kinetic energy, and drive the electric machine (108) of difference mixed power device (104) to do motor function running by the electric energy of electric storage and discharge device (117) through the manipulation of driving circuit device (115), to drive trailing wheel (114), and then control system does all-wheel powered running,(15) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) is in closed, second clutch (1016) is in closed, first drg (116) is in departing from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) is in departing from, second brake (126) is in closed, front-wheel (107) is driven through second clutch (1016) by engine kinetic energy, and drive the electric machine (108) of difference mixed power device (104) to do motor function running by the electric energy of electric storage and discharge device (117) through the manipulation of driving circuit device (115), to drive trailing wheel (114), and then control system does all-wheel powered running, and make engine be run on optimum fuel make a gesture of measuring the higher region compared with fuel saving of energy efficiency by manipulation,(16) time using engine as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) is closed, second clutch (1016) is closed, first drg (116) is in departing from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) is in departing from, second brake (126) in departing from, and drives front-wheel (107) by the rotary kinetic energy of rotary motive power unit (100);

    Or(17) time using engine as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) is closed, manipulation second clutch (1016) is depart from, second brake (126) is in departing from, first drg (116) is closed, the 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) in closed, and drives trailing wheel (114) by the rotary kinetic energy of rotary motive power unit (100);

    Or(18) time using engine as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) is closed, manipulation second clutch (1016) is closed, second brake (126) is in departing from, first drg (116) is closed, the 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) is closed, and drive trailing wheel (114) and front-wheel (107) by the rotary kinetic energy of rotary motive power unit (100), and then control system does all-wheel powered running;

    Or(19) when engine is as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) is closed or depart from, second clutch (1016) departs from, first drg (116) is in departing from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) is in departing from, second brake (126) is in closed, and when descending or brake or brake snub, make generator function by the electric machine (108) of difference mixed power device (104) to operate, electric storage and discharge device (117) is charged or supplies power to other electrical energy drive loads, to make regenerative electric power braking;

    Or(20) time using engine as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) is in closed, second clutch (1016) is in closed, first drg (116) is in departing from, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) is in departing from, second brake (126) is in closed braking, and when descending or brake or brake snub, make generator function by the electric machine (108) of difference mixed power device (104) to operate, electric storage and discharge device (117) is charged or supplies power to other electrical energy drive loads, to make regenerative electric power braking, the running of braking brake function is jointly done with the damping with engine, or(21) time using engine as rotary motive power unit (100), first clutch (102) is in closed, second clutch (1016) is in closed, first drg (116) is in closed, 3rd power-transfer clutch (1116) is in closed, second brake (126) in departing from, and when descending or brake or brake snub, by the damping of engine as the running of braking brake function.

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