Humectant and dispersant, production and use thereof

Humectant and dispersant, production and use thereof

  • CN 101,945,912 B
  • Filed: 02/19/2009
  • Issued: 06/17/2015
  • Est. Priority Date: 02/22/2008
  • Status: Active Grant
First Claim
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1. addition compound, is characterized in that described addition compound can react obtain with (b1), (b2), (c1) and optional (c2) by making following (a):

  • A () one or more per molecules have the polymeric polyisocyanate of at least two isocyanate group,(b1) compound of one or more formulas (Ia)Y-XH (Ia)Wherein,XH has reactive group to isocyanic ester, andY does not have reactive monomeric or polymer-based group to isocyanic ester, and described group is bag tertiary-amino-containing not, and containing one or more aliphatics, alicyclic and/or aromatic group,The compound of described general formula (Ia) has the mumber average molar mass M being less than 20000g/ mole n, and the compound of the formula of at least 75 % by mole (Ia) has the number-average molecular weight M of 150g/ mole ~ 10000g/ mole n, and it represents the functionalized polyoxyalkylene of XH, and based on the total amount of oxyalkylene units, the functionalized polyoxyalkylene of described XH comprises the oxyalkylene units with at least three carbon atoms of 40 % by mole ~ 100 % by mole, Supplementary condition are that the isocyanate group of the composition (a) of 20% ~ 90% and the compound of formula (Ia) react,(b2) compound of one or more formulas (Ib)G-(XH) n(Ib) Wherein n is 2 ~ 4, G is comprise the aliphatics of at least 2 carbon atoms, alicyclic and/or aromatic group, described group not bag tertiary-amino-containing and have the number-average molecular weight M being no more than 3000 n, the reacting weight of described compound makes the isocyanic ester radical reaction of the described polymeric polyisocyanate of the initial use of 0% ~ 60%, Supplementary condition are, as the result that (b1) and (b2) reacts, the isocyanate group of described polymeric polyisocyanate of initial use of 20% ~ 90% reacts altogether,(c1) compound of one or more general formulas (IIa)Z-Q (IIa)Wherein Q is-NH 2,-NHR or OH, wherein R is the alkyl of the straight or branched with 1 ~ 18 carbon atom, and Z is the organic basic group having at least one uncle'"'"'s amino and do not comprise isocyanate-reactive group,(c2) compound of optional one or more general formulas (IIb)M-Q (IIb)Wherein Q is-NH 2,-NHR or OH, wherein R is the alkyl of the straight or branched with 1 ~ 18 carbon atom, and M is the organic group that mumber average molar mass is no more than 1000g/ mole, and it has at least one uncle'"'"'s amino and at least one hydroxyl,Supplementary condition are that the isocyanate group of the composition (a) of at least 10% and composition (c1) react,It is characterized in that, described addition compound does not comprise unsaturated group, and described addition compound is prepared by the composition not based on lactone.

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