Crankshaft multi-cylinder piston engine propelled by low-boiling-point medium steam

Crankshaft multi-cylinder piston engine propelled by low-boiling-point medium steam

  • CN 102,128,052 B
  • Filed: 12/28/2010
  • Issued: 01/21/2015
  • Est. Priority Date: 12/28/2010
  • Status: Active Grant
First Claim
Patent Images

1. a crankshaft multi-cylinder piston engine propelled by low-boiling-point medium steam, it is characterized in that:

  • this motor is the 1st low boiling point working medium Steam Actuation bent axle four cylinder piston engine, comprise bent axle four cylinder piston flywheel working system, bent axle four cylinder piston flywheel working system is by the 1st bent axle (1-2), 2nd bent axle (1-3), 3rd bent axle (1-4), crankshaft main journal bearing bracket and bearing (1-5), cylinder (1-6), cylinder steam inlet (2-19), cylinder steam ouput (2-20), piston (1-7), piston ring (1-8), piston crankshaft-link rod (1-9), crankshaft-link rod bearing (1-10), connecting rod piston coupling arrangement (1-11), output gear (1-12), flywheel (1-13), plastic wheel (1-14) and be provided with sensor plastic channel (1-16) composition, plastic wheel (1-14) is processed with loophole (1-15), and the 1st bent axle (1-2) is again by the 1st crankshaft main journal (1-2a) arrayed from left to right, 2nd crankshaft main journal (1-2b), 3rd crankshaft main journal (1-2c), 4th crankshaft main journal (1-2d), 5th crankshaft main journal (1-2e) composition, the 2nd bent axle (1-3) is by the 1st rod journal (1-3a) arrayed from left to right, 2nd rod journal (1-3b), 3rd rod journal (1-3c), 4th rod journal (1-3d) composition, the 3rd bent axle (1-4) is by the 1st coupling block (1-4a) of the crankshaft main journal arrayed from left to right and rod journal, 2nd coupling block (1-4b), 3rd coupling block (1-4c), 4th coupling block (1-4d), 5th coupling block (1-4e), 6th coupling block (1-4f), 7th coupling block (1-4g), 8th coupling block (1-4h) composition, the 1st bent axle (1-2), 2nd bent axle (1-3), 3rd bent axle (1-4) adds a group (1-1A) in welding formation bent axle by adjustable thread, wherein, and the rod journal (1-3a of this motor, 1-3b, 1-3c, 1-3d) associate horseshoe clamp face to array from left to right, two, the centre in four rod journals rod journal i.e. the 2nd rod journal (1-3b), 3rd rod journal (1-3c) associates horseshoe clamp face and two, outside rod journal i.e. the 1st rod journal (1-3a), 4th rod journal (1-3d) associates U-shaped plane orthogonal, the 2nd rod journal (1-3b), 3rd rod journal (1-3c) is in anti-phase position in a plane, the 1st rod journal (1-3a), 4th rod journal (1-3d) is also in anti-phase position in a plane, and crankshaft main journal bearing bracket and bearing (1-5) are by the 1st crankshaft main journal bearing bracket arrayed from left to right and bearing (1-5a), 2nd crankshaft main journal bearing bracket and bearing (1-5b), 3rd crankshaft main journal bearing bracket and bearing (1-5c), 4th crankshaft main journal bearing bracket and bearing (1-5d), 5th crankshaft main journal bearing bracket and bearing (1-5e) composition, cylinder (1-6) is by the 1st cylinder (1-6a) arrayed from left to right, 2nd cylinder (1-6b), 3rd cylinder (1-6c), 4th cylinder (1-6d) composition, piston (1-7) is by the 1st piston (1-7a) arrayed from left to right, 2nd piston (1-7b), 3rd piston (1-7c), 4th piston (1-7d) composition, piston ring (1-8) is by the 1st piston ring (1-8a) arrayed from left to right, 2nd piston ring (1-8b), 3rd piston ring (1-8c), 4th piston ring (1-8d) composition, piston crankshaft-link rod (1-9) is by the 1st piston crankshaft-link rod (1-9a) arrayed from left to right, 2nd piston crankshaft-link rod (1-9b), 3rd piston crankshaft-link rod (1-9c), 4th piston crankshaft-link rod (1-9d) composition, crankshaft-link rod bearing (1-10) is by the 1st crankshaft-link rod bearing (1-10a) arrayed from left to right, 2nd crankshaft-link rod bearing (1-10b), 3rd crankshaft-link rod bearing (1-10c), 4th crankshaft-link rod bearing (1-10d) composition, connecting rod piston coupling arrangement (1-11) is by the 1st connecting rod piston coupling arrangement (1-11a) arrayed from left to right, 2nd connecting rod piston coupling arrangement (1-11b), 3rd connecting rod piston coupling arrangement (1-11c), 4th connecting rod piston coupling arrangement (1-11d) composition, the loophole (1-15) on plastic wheel is by the 1st loophole (1-15a), 2nd loophole (1-15b), 3rd loophole (1-15c), 4th loophole (1-15d), 5th loophole (1-15e) composition, is equipped with the plastic channel (1-16) of sensor by the 1st photoelectric sensor (1-18a), (1-18b), 2nd photoelectric sensor (1-19a), (1-19b), 3rd photoelectric sensor (1-20a), (1-20b), 4th photoelectric sensor (1-21a), (1-21b), 5th photoelectric sensor (1-22a), (1-22b) form, in the cylinder, one, connecting rod is contained on the coupling arrangement of piston piston dress, and other end is contained on rod journal by bearing, 1st crankshaft main journal (1-2a), 2nd crankshaft main journal (1-2b), 3rd crankshaft main journal (1-2c), 4th crankshaft main journal (1-2d), 5th crankshaft main journal (1-2e) is contained in the 1st crankshaft main journal bearing bracket and bearing (1-5a) respectively, 2nd crankshaft main journal bearing bracket and bearing (1-5b), 3rd crankshaft main journal bearing bracket and bearing (1-5c), 4th crankshaft main journal bearing bracket and bearing (1-5d), in 5th crankshaft main journal bearing bracket and bearing (1-5e), output gear (1-12) is contained on the 5th crankshaft main journal (1-2e) on the right side of bent axle by key, flywheel (1-13) and plastic wheel (1-14) are contained on the 1st crankshaft main journal (1-2a) on the left of bent axle by key, plastic channel (1-16) is contained in the top of plastic wheel (1-14) by support, low boiling point working medium steam produces supply reclaiming system by thermal source (2-1), steam pipe (2-2), low boiling point working medium steam forms tank (2-3), vapour table (2-4), low boiling point working medium steam and liquid backflow knock out drum (2-5) thereof, valve (2-6), steam delivery tube (2-7), back-steam liquid pipe (2-8), 1st send vapour switch (2-9), 2nd send vapour switch (2-10), 1st steam discharge switch (2-11), 2nd steam discharge switch (2-12), 1st electromagnet (2-13), 2nd electromagnet (2-14), 3rd electromagnet (2-15), 4th electromagnet (2-16), 1st control circuit for electromagnet (2-17), 2nd control circuit for electromagnet (2-18), cylinder steam inlet (2-19), cylinder steam ouput (2-20) forms, wherein thermal source (2-1) forms the water heater of water vapor by solar energy or hot tail vapour or heating by electric cooker water and pipeline forms, water or replaced by other low boiling point working medium, valve (2-6) is by the 1st vapour adjustable valve (2-6a), 2nd vapour adjustable valve (2-6b), 3rd vapour adjustable valve (2-6c), 1st one-way valve (2-6d), 2nd one-way valve (2-6e), 3rd one-way valve (2-6f) composition, steam delivery tube (2-7) is by the 1st steam delivery tube (2-7a), 2nd steam delivery tube (2-7b), 3rd steam delivery tube (2-7c), 4th steam delivery tube (2-7d), 5th steam delivery tube (2-7e), 6th steam delivery tube (2-7f) composition, back-steam liquid pipe (2-8) is by the 1st back-steam liquid pipe (2-8a), 2nd back-steam liquid pipe (2-8b), 3rd back-steam liquid pipe (2-8c), 4th back-steam liquid pipe (2-8d), 5th back-steam liquid pipe (2-8e), 6th back-steam liquid pipe (2-8f) composition, the 1st send vapour switch (2-9) by the 1st cylinder sleeve (2-9a), 1st band piston (2-9b), 1st spring (2-9c), 1st steam inlet (2-9d), 1st steam ouput (2-9e), 2nd steam ouput (2-9f) composition, the 2nd send vapour switch (2-10) by the 2nd cylinder sleeve (2-10a), 2nd band piston (2-10b), 2nd spring (2-10c), 2nd steam inlet (2-10d), 3rd steam ouput (2-10e), 4th steam ouput (2-10f) composition, the 1st steam discharge switch (2-11) is by the 3rd cylinder sleeve (2-11a), 3rd band piston (2-11b), 3rd spring (2-11c), 5th steam ouput (2-11d), 3rd steam inlet (2-11e), 4th steam inlet (2-11f) composition, the 2nd steam discharge switch (2-12) is by the 4th cylinder sleeve (2-12a), 4th band piston (2-12b), 4th spring (2-12c), 6th steam ouput (2-12d), 5th steam inlet (2-12e), 6th steam inlet (2-12f) composition, the 1st electromagnet (2-13) is by the 1st secured core (2-13a), 1st movable core (2-13b), 1st coil (2-13c), 1st push rod (2-13d), 1st push rod supports (2-13e), 1st push pedal (2-13f) composition, the 2nd electromagnet (2-14) is by the 2nd secured core (2-14a), 2nd movable core (2-14b), 2nd coil (2-14c), 2nd push rod (2-14d), 2nd push rod supports (2-14e), 2nd push pedal (2-14f) composition, the 3rd electromagnet (2-15) is by the 3rd secured core (2-15a), 3rd movable core (2-15b), 3rd coil (2-15c), 3rd push rod (2-15d), 3rd push rod supports (2-15e), 3rd push pedal (2-15f) composition, the 4th electromagnet (2-16) is by the 4th secured core (2-16a), 4th movable core (2-16b), 4th coil (2-16c), 4th push rod (2-16d), 4th push rod supports (2-16e), 4th push pedal (2-16f) composition, four cylinder steam inlets (2-19) are by the 7th steam inlet (2-19a) arrayed from left to right, 8th steam inlet (2-19b), 9th steam inlet (2-19c), 10th steam inlet (2-19d) composition, four cylinder steam ouputs (2-20) are by the 7th steam ouput (2-20a) arrayed from left to right, 8th steam ouput (2-20b), 9th steam ouput (2-20c), 10th steam ouput (2-20d) composition,The steam pipe (2-2) of thermal source (2-1) connects the steam pipe (2-2) in low boiling point working medium steam formation tank (2-3) by the 1st vapour adjustable valve (2-6a), low boiling point working medium steam forms tank (2-3) and connects again vapour table (2-4), again by the 2nd one-way valve (2-6e), 2nd vapour adjustable valve (2-6b) picks steam pipe (2-7), low boiling point working medium steam and liquid backflow knock out drum (2-5) thereof is connect again by the 3rd one-way valve (2-6f), low boiling point working medium steam and liquid backflow knock out drum (2-5) thereof connect low boiling point working medium steam by the 3rd one-way valve (2-6f) again and form tank (2-3), by the 3rd vapour adjustable valve (2-6c), 1st one-way valve (2-6d) takes back vapour-liquid pipe (2-8), vacuum pump or the backflow of compressor acceleration vapour-liquid is inserted in the middle of the 3rd vapour adjustable valve (2-6c) and the 1st one-way valve (2-6d), back-steam liquid pipe (2-8) can do longer and bending at vacuum pump or the part between compressor output end and the 3rd vapour adjustable valve (2-6c), and be placed in the high velocity air or applied cyclic flowing low boiling point working medium cooling liquid that do relative motion with motor, 1st steam delivery tube (2-7a) connects the 1st and send the 1st steam inlet (2-9d) on vapour switch (2-9), 2nd steam delivery tube (2-7b) connects the 2nd and send the 2nd steam inlet (2-10d) on vapour switch (2-10), 1st send the 1st steam ouput (2-9e) on vapour switch (2-9), 2nd steam ouput (2-9f) is by the 3rd steam delivery tube (2-7c), 4th steam delivery tube (2-7d) connects the 4th cylinder (1-6d), the 10th steam inlet (2-19d) on 1st cylinder (1-6a), 7th steam inlet (2-19a), 2nd send the 3rd steam ouput (2-10e) on vapour switch (2-10), 4th steam ouput (2-10f) is by the 5th steam delivery tube (2-7e), 6th steam delivery tube (2-7f) connects the 2nd cylinder (1-6b), the 8th steam inlet (2-19b) on 3rd cylinder (1-6c), 9th steam inlet (2-19c), 1st back-steam liquid pipe (2-8a) connects the 5th steam ouput (2-11d) on the 1st steam discharge switch (2-11), 2nd back-steam liquid pipe (2-8b) connects the 6th steam ouput (2-12d) on the 2nd steam discharge switch (2-12), the 3rd steam inlet (2-11e) on 1st steam discharge switch (2-11), 4th steam inlet (2-11f) is by the 3rd back-steam liquid pipe (2-8c), 4th back-steam liquid pipe (2-8d) connects the 4th cylinder (1-6d), the 10th steam ouput (2-20d) on 1st cylinder (1-6a), 7th steam ouput (2-20a), the 5th steam inlet (2-12e) on 2nd steam discharge switch (2-12), 6th steam inlet (2-12f) is by the 5th back-steam liquid pipe (2-8e), 6th back-steam liquid pipe (2-8f) connects the 2nd cylinder (1-6b), the 8th steam ouput (2-20b) on 3rd cylinder (1-6c), 9th steam ouput (2-20c), 1st secured core (2-13a) of the 1st electromagnet (2-13) is fixed, 1st movable core (2-13b) becomes to be flexibly connected with the 1st push rod (2-13d) lower end, 1st push rod (2-13d) upper end becomes to be flexibly connected with the 1st push pedal (2-13f), the 1st band piston (2-9b) left end is pressed close in 1st push pedal (2-13f), the middle upper end of 1st push rod (2-13d) supports (2-13e) with the 1st push rod and becomes to be flexibly connected, the A point of the E termination the 1st control circuit (2-17a) of the 1st coil (2-13c), the ground of F termination the 1st control circuit (2-17a), 2nd secured core (2-14a) of the 2nd electromagnet (2-14) is fixed, 2nd movable core (2-14b) becomes to be flexibly connected with the 2nd push rod (2-14d) lower end, 2nd push rod (2-14d) upper end becomes to be flexibly connected with the 2nd push pedal (2-14f), the 2nd band piston (2-10b) left end is pressed close in 2nd push pedal (2-14f), the middle upper end of 2nd push rod (2-14d) supports (2-14e) with the 2nd push rod and becomes to be flexibly connected, the B point of the M termination the 2nd control circuit (2-17b) of the 2nd coil (2-14c), the ground of N termination the 2nd control circuit (2-17b), 3rd secured core (2-15a) of the 3rd electromagnet (2-15) is fixed, 3rd movable core (2-15b) becomes to be flexibly connected with the 3rd push rod (2-15d) lower end, 3rd push rod (2-15d) upper end becomes to be flexibly connected with the 3rd push pedal (2-15f), the 3rd band piston (2-12b) right-hand member is pressed close in 3rd push pedal (2-15f), the middle upper end of 3rd push rod (2-15d) supports (2-15e) with the 3rd push rod and becomes to be flexibly connected, the B point of the P termination the 2nd control circuit (2-17b) of the 3rd coil (2-15c), the ground of Q termination the 2nd control circuit (2-17b), 4th secured core (2-16a) of the 4th electromagnet (2-16) is fixed, 4th movable core (2-16b) becomes to be flexibly connected with the 4th push rod (2-16d) lower end, 4th push rod (2-16d) upper end becomes to be flexibly connected with the 4th push pedal (2-16f), the 4th band piston (2-11b) right-hand member is pressed close in 4th push pedal (2-16f), the middle upper end of 4th push rod (2-16d) supports (2-16e) with the 4th push rod and becomes to be flexibly connected, the A point of the R termination the 1st control circuit (2-17a) of the 4th coil (2-16c), the ground of S termination the 1st control circuit (2-17a), conventional solar energy or hot tail vapour or heating by electric cooker water or other low boiling point working medium form steam as thermal source, low boiling point working medium adopts the one in water, isobutylaldehyde, ether, cyclobutane, isobutane, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide or ethane, and the boiling spread of low boiling point working medium is at-273 DEG C to+100 DEG C,1st control circuit (2-17a) is by the 1st phototube (1-18b), 4th phototube (1-21b), 1-the 4th triode (BG1a-BG4a), 1st photo coupler (TLP1a), 2nd photo coupler (TLP2a), 1st field effect transistor (NMOS1a), 1st controllable silicon (SCR1a), 1--the 8th resistance (R1a-R8a), 1st diode (D1a), 1st coil (2-13c), 4th coil (2-16c) and power supply composition, the collector electrode of the 1st phototube (1-18b) connects positive source, the emitter of the 1st phototube (1-18b) connects the base stage of the 1st triode (BG1a) after connecting with the 1st resistance (R1a), the emitter of the 1st triode (BG1a) connects the base stage of the 2nd triode (BG2a), 1st triode (BG1a), the common port of the 2nd triode (BG2a) collector electrode connects positive source after connecting with the 2nd resistance (R2a), the emitter of the 2nd triode (BG2a) connects the anode of the diode of the 1st photo coupler (TLP1a), the minus earth of the diode of the 1st photo coupler (TLP1a), the collector electrode of the 4th phototube (1-21b) connects positive source, the emitter of the 4th phototube (1-21b) connects the base stage of the 3rd triode (BG3a) after connecting with the 3rd resistance (R3a), the emitter of the 3rd triode (BG3a) connects the base stage of the 4th triode (BG4a), 3rd triode (BG3a), the common port of the 4th triode (BG4a) collector electrode connects positive source after connecting with the 5th resistance (R5a), the emitter of the 4th triode (BG4a) connects the anode of the diode of the 2nd photo coupler (TLP2a), the minus earth of the diode of the 2nd photo coupler (TLP2a), one termination positive source of the 6th resistance (R6a), the other end of the 6th resistance (R6a) connect with the 4th resistance (R4a) after ground connection, the drain electrode of the 1st field effect transistor (NMOS1a) connects positive source, the public termination the 6th resistance (R6a) of the collector electrode of the triode in the grid of the 1st field effect transistor (NMOS1a) and the 1st photo coupler (TLP1a), the common port of the 4th resistance (R4a), the grounded-emitter connection of the triode in the 1st photo coupler (TLP1a), the source electrode of the 1st field effect transistor (NMOS1a) connects the 7th resistance (R7a), 8th resistance (R8a), the common port of the 1st controllable silicon (SCR1a) anode, the E end of the 1st coil (2-13c), the negative electrode of the R termination the 1st controllable silicon (SCR1a) of the 4th coil (2-16c) and A point, the F end of the 1st coil (2-13c), the S of the 4th coil (2-16c) holds ground connection, the collector electrode of the triode in the 2nd photo coupler (TLP2a) connects the other end of the 7th resistance (R7a), the emitter of the triode in the 2nd photo coupler (TLP2a) connects the control pole of the 1st controllable silicon (SCR1a), the other end ground connection of the 8th resistance (R8a), the negative electrode of the 1st diode (D1a) connects the negative electrode of the 1st controllable silicon (SCR1a), the plus earth of the 1st diode (D1a),2nd control circuit (2-17b) is by the 2nd phototube (1-19b), 3rd phototube (1-20b), 5-the 8th triode (BG1b-BG4b), 3rd photo coupler (TLP1b), 4th photo coupler (TLP2b), 2nd field effect transistor (NMOS1b), 2nd controllable silicon (SCR1b), 9-the 16th resistance (R1b-R8b), 2nd diode (D1b), 2nd coil (2-14c), 3rd coil (2-15c) and power supply composition, the collector electrode of the 2nd phototube (1-19b) connects positive source, the emitter of the 2nd phototube (1-19b) connects the base stage of the 5th triode (BG1b) after connecting with the 9th resistance (R1b), the emitter of the 5th triode (BG1b) connects the base stage of the 6th triode (BG2b), 5th triode (BG1b), the common port of the 6th triode (BG2b) collector electrode connects positive source after connecting with the 9th resistance (R2b), the emitter of the 6th triode (BG2b) connects the anode of the diode of the 3rd photo coupler (TLP1b), the minus earth of the diode of the 3rd photo coupler (TLP1b), the collector electrode of the 3rd phototube (1-20b) connects positive source, the emitter of the 3rd phototube (1-20b) connects the base stage of the 7th triode (BG3b) after connecting with the 11st resistance (R3b), the emitter of the 7th triode (BG3b) connects the base stage of the 8th triode (BG4b), 7th triode (BG3b), the common port of the 8th triode (BG4b) collector electrode connects positive source after connecting with the 11st resistance (R5b), the emitter of the 8th triode (BG4b) connects the anode of the diode of the 4th photo coupler (TLP2b), the minus earth of the diode of the 4th photo coupler (TLP2b), one termination positive source of the 14th resistance (R6b), the other end of the 14th resistance (R6b) connect with the 12nd resistance (R4b) after ground connection, the drain electrode of the 2nd field effect transistor (NMOS1b) connects positive source, the public termination the 14th resistance (R6b) of the collector electrode of the triode in the grid of the 2nd field effect transistor (NMOS1b) and the 3rd photo coupler (TLP1b), the common port of the 12nd resistance (R4b), the grounded-emitter connection of the triode in the 3rd photo coupler (TLP1b), the source electrode of the 2nd field effect transistor (NMOS1b) connects the 5th resistance (R7b), 16th resistance (R8b), the common port of the 2nd controllable silicon (SCR1b) anode, the M end of the 2nd coil (2-14c), the negative electrode of the P termination the 2nd controllable silicon (SCR1b) of the 3rd coil (2-15c) and B point, the N end of the 2nd coil (2-14c), the Q of the 3rd coil (2-15c) holds ground connection, the collector electrode of the triode in the 4th photo coupler (TLP2b) connects the other end of the 15th resistance (R7b), the emitter of the triode in the 4th photo coupler (TLP2b) connects the control pole of the 2nd controllable silicon (SCR1b), the other end ground connection of the 16th resistance (R8b), the negative electrode of the 2nd diode (D1b) connects the negative electrode of the 2nd controllable silicon (SCR1b), the plus earth of the 2nd diode (D1b).

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