Double-beam laser device of highly charged ions

Double-beam laser device of highly charged ions

  • CN 102,484,347 A
  • Filed: 06/10/2010
  • Published: 05/30/2012
  • Est. Priority Date: 05/08/2010
  • Status: Active Application
First Claim
Patent Images

1. , high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion double beams laser emitter, it is characterized in that:

  • It is by one compared with low speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision list charge ion beam Injection Section (A), one exports input channel (6 by single charge ion beam compared with low speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision list charge ion beam Injection Section (A), 7, 7'"'"') the flat track type higher speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion being connected with compared with low speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision list charge ion beam Injection Section ionizes ring B), one highly charged ion beam for ionizing ring (B) by flat track type higher speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion exports input channel(

    18,

         25) the flat track type high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion being connected with flat track type higher speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion ionization ring (B) excites ring (C), and the power needed for them, electrical equipment, the auxiliary devices such as vacuum are constituted, it is arranged on compared with low speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision list charge ion Injection Section (A) and flat track type higher speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion ionization ring (B) in a big ionisation chamber of prolate cube (38) being sealedly evacuated, flat track type high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion excites ring (C) to be fixed on the prolate cube being sealedly evacuated of the big ionisation chamber of prolate cube (38) above installed in another and excites case greatly(

    39) in, the auxiliary device such as power, electrical equipment, vacuum needed for them is all arranged on another and is located at the big ionisation chamber of prolate cube (38) below or in the removably prolate cube big accessory case (40) on side.2, high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion double beams laser emitter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:

    Described to be located at the left side that flat track type higher speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion ionizes ring (B) compared with low speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision list charge ion beam Injection Section (A), it is by a high temperature atomic stove that high-frequency induction heat electric road is housed(

    1), one and high temperature atomic stove(

    1) the small small rectangle fire door (2) of roomy height be connected added with the relatively low speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision single ionization area (a slightly larger than ionization potential voltage:

    ), one with compared with low speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision single ionization area (a) be connected added be cased with outside certain voltage the slightly larger rectangle in a section be powered be oriented to solenoid (5'"'"') compare ion beam by 11(

    3) the slightly larger parallel long square metal frame (11) in cross section and high resistance (12) are alternateThe Gradient Ion accelerating tube (5) that is in series, one be connected with Gradient Ion accelerating tube (5) by two-stage 90 up and down.The positively charged bonding jumper of deflection magnet (6) and left and right two (7,7,)

    Single charge ion beam (4) output input channel of composition(

    6th, 7,7'"'"') constitute, single charge ion beam (4) exports input channel(

    6th, 7,7,)

    End and flat track type higher speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion ionize the entrance of electromagnetic velocity selector (13) rear end in ring (B) and be connected.3, high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion double beams laser emitter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:

    It is described compared with low speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision list charge ion beam Injection Section (A), relatively low speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision single ionization area (a) the energization hot cathode (8) being made by elongated leaf on the left of atomic beam of the width of BaO materials slightly larger than atomic beam (3) thickness is scribbled by a surface, one it is parallel with energization hot cathode (8) it is adjacent by several areas slightly larger than energization hot cathode (8) area parallel flat rectangular metal frame (8'"'"') with high resistance (9) it is alternate be in series emission cavity (a, ) and positioned at atomic beam (3) right side and reflection cavity (a ") composition of emission cavity (a'"'"') structure identical positional symmetry, voltage added by emission cavity (a'"'"') two ends is slightly larger than the ionization potential of atom, direction is to the right, the voltage swing added by voltage and emission cavity (a'"'"') two ends added by reflection cavity (a ") two ends is equal, in the opposite direction, in emission cavity (a, ) and reflection cavity (a, , ) cross section is respectively cased with outside than emission cavity (a, ) and reflection cavity (a, , ) the slightly larger flat rectangular energization guiding solenoid (10 in cross section, 10, ).4, high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion double beams laser emitter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:

    The flat track type higher speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion ionization ring (B) is oriented to focusing solenoid (15), electric charge electrostatic separator (c), a steering magnet by one by the electromagnetic velocity selector (13) that the parallel metal sheet of a pair of permanent magnets and pair of right and left with equivalent heterocharge is constituted up and down, many ionized regions (b) of higher speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating impact several times, an energization(

    20), one is cased with section than parallel mixing ion beam (22,22?) the slightly larger flat rectangular in section is powered and is oriented to the low charge state ions backward channel of solenoid (2 Γ

    )(

    21) with another 18 (F steering magnet(

    20'"'"') it is in series in succession, many ionized regions (b) of higher speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision and horizontal compared with low speed face electron streamIt is identical to the structure in reciprocating collision single ionization area (a), the length for being only switched on hot cathode (8) is much longer compared with the length of the energization hot cathode (8) compared with low speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision single ionization area (a), emission cavity (a of the voltage ratio compared with low speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision single ionization area (a) slightly larger than the total ionization current potential for forming the highly charged ion (17) that degree of ionization is μ

    added by emission cavity (b'"'"') and reflection cavity (b ") two ends, ) and reflection cavity (a ") two ends added by voltage it is also very large many, in emission cavity (b, ) and reflection cavity (b ") be respectively cased with the section flat rectangular more slightly larger than emission cavity-(b '"'"') and reflection cavity (b ") cross section outside and be powered to be oriented to solenoid (15'"'"', 15 "), turning to magnet (20, 20, ) space in give ion beam mixing(

    22nd, 22'"'"') also it is cased with a cross section and compares ion beam mixing(

    22nd,

         22) the slightly larger energization in cross section be oriented to solenoid (26,26).5, high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion double beams laser emitter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:

    The flat track type higher speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion ionization ring B) electric charge electrostatic separator(

    C) it is made up of the parallel metal sheet (16) with equivalent heterocharge of the mutually insulated of four pairs of arranged in succession, first pair and the 4th, right panel positively charged negatively charged to left plate, second pair and the 3rd pair of left plate positively charged, right panel it is negatively charged, 3rd pair of two plate spacing are smaller, 4th pair of two plate spacing are smaller, and the electric-field intensity each plate is equal.6, high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion double beams laser emitter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:

    The flat track type high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion excites ring (C) by one by front and rear two pair 1809Turn to magnet(

    24th, 24'"'"') with the two parallel horizontal drift rectilinear orbits of highly charged ion therebetween(

    23rd, 23'"'"') constitute flat track type loop, one be located at the horizontal drift rectilinear orbit of highly charged ion(

    23rd, 23'"'"') left and right sides high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision lasing region(

    D, d'"'"'), one be located at high speed surface electron stream (30) transverse reciprocating collision lasing region(

    D, d'"'"') the middle and horizontal drift rectilinear orbit of highly charged ion(

    23rd, 23,)

    The face electron stream electrostatic velocity selector (33) of left, center, right, one by positioned at the flat drift rectilinear orbit of highly charged ion ice(

    23rd, 23,)

    The optical cavity being made up of a completely reflecting mirror (34) and a half reflection lens (35) before and after on extended line is constituted, and its (C) is located at flat track type higher speed face electricityThe top of subflow transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion ionization ring (B), in the horizontal drift rectilinear orbit of highly charged ion(

    23) below, there is one by a pair 90eTurn to magnet(

    19), one is located at highly charged ion beam(

    17) top and 902Turn to the straight bonding jumper (25) of the less positive charge of elongated band of magnet linking, one be located at highly charged ion beam it is following and 90sTurn to magnet<

    19) linking the same more positive charge of elongated band part bending bonding jumper (25,)

    The highly charged ion beam output input channel of composition(

    The 19th,

         25), flat track type higher speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion is ionized to the outlet of ring (B)(

    18) entrance (25) for exciting ring (C) with flat track type high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion is connected.7, high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion double beams laser emitter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:

    The flat track type high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion excites the high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision lasing region of ring (C)(

    D, d'"'"') Far Left have one and the horizontal drift rectilinear orbit of highly charged ion(

    23rd, 23'"'"') parallel energization hot cathode (31), the length of energization hot cathode (31) and the horizontal drift rectilinear orbit of highly charged ion (23,23'"'"') equal length, width is slightly larger than the highly charged ion beam that degree of ionization is μ



    17) thickness, parallel with energization hot cathode (31) adjacent have an emission cavity (d'"'"'), the structure of emission cavity (d'"'"') with compared with the emission cavity (a'"'"' in low speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision single ionization area (a) and many ionized regions (b) of higher speed face electron stream transverse reciprocating collision, b'"'"' structure) is identical, the simply equal length of the width of emission cavity (d'"'"') and energization hot cathode (31), emission cavity (d, ) thickness be slightly larger than energization hot cathode (31) width, voltage added by emission cavity (d'"'"') two ends is slightly larger than be able to be by selected degree of ionization for the voltage needed for μ

    highly charged ion is energized into certain laser levels, the opposite side of flat track type loop on the symmetrical position of emission cavity (d'"'"') with having one and emission cavity (d, ) structure identical reflection cavity (d "), voltage and emission cavity (d added by reflection cavity (d ") two ends, ) voltage swing added by two ends is equal, in the opposite direction, in emission cavity (d, ) and reflection cavity (d, , ) outside be also respectively cased with a cross section than emission cavity (d, ) and the slightly larger flat rectangular energization guiding solenoid (32 in reflection cavity (d ") cross section, 32'"'"').8, high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion double beams laser according to claim 1Emitter, it is characterized in that:

    The flat track type high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion excites the face electron stream electrostatic velocity selector (33) of ring (C) to be made up of three groups of structure identical carried charge identicals and horizontal drift rectilinear orbit (23) the length identical parallel metal bar of highly charged ion, each group has four pairs of parallel metal bars with equivalent heterocharge, each group the first couple, 4th is negatively charged to upper plate, lower plate positively charged, second pair, 3rd pair of upper plate positively charged, lower plate is negatively charged, first group is located at high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion lasing region(

    D) emission cavity (d,) and a horizontal drift of highly charged ion directly continue track (23'"'"') between, second group is located at the horizontal drift rectilinear orbit (23,23 of two highly charged ions,) between, the 3rd group is located at the horizontal drift rectilinear orbit (23) of another highly charged ion and high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion lasing region(

    D) between reflection cavity (d ").9, high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion double beams laser emitter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:

    The flat track type high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion excites the horizontal drift rectilinear orbit (23 of two highly charged ions of ring (C), on back extended line 23'"'"'), there is a completely reflecting mirror being fixed on bottom plate (34), have on above extended line one can on bottom plate before and after trickle movement half reflection lens (35), front and rear two mirror(

    34th, an optical cavity

         35) is constituted, below 180sTurn to magnet (24) both sides respectively have below one and steering magnet (24) smooth contact with the horizontal drift straight line rail of highly charged ion send (23,23,:

    ) the parallel band tooth steel bar 036 being fixed on bottom plate), below 1802The two sides of magnet (24) are turned to respectively equipped with a miniature motor(

    37), the bonding jumper (28) of a same positive charge of elongated band is respectively mounted with up and down in the horizontal drift rectilinear orbit of highly charged ion (23,23'"'"'), excited in flat track type high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion ring (C) steering magnet (24,24'"'"') space in be cased with a cross section semicircle be powered more slightly larger than ion beam cross-sectional face to ion beam and be oriented to solenoid (27,27).10, the high speed surface electron stream transverse reciprocating collision highly charged ion double beams laser emitter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:

    The big ionisation chamber of prolate cube (38) being located below being fixed together and prolate cube located above excite greatly case (39) and positioned at the big ionisation chamber of prolate cube (38) below flatThese three big casees of cuboid big accessory case (40) can be together on automobile, or on aircraft, or on warship, or in laboratory, if on automobile, then an oil pressure expansion link (42) can filled between the following centre of the big ionisation chamber of prolate cube (38) and mounting (41), posterior angle fills a bearing (43'"'"') outside the big ionisation chamber of prolate cube (38), the big ionisation chamber of prolate cube (38) and prolate cube is set to excite case p9 greatly) can freely up and down it be rotated around the rotating shaft (43) for being fixed on rear corner outside prolate cube big accessory case (40) together, a rotating disk (44) is filled in prolate cube big accessory case (40) outer bottom of the big ionisation chamber of prolate cube (38) below, bottom surface posterior angle side fills a motor (46) in prolate cube big accessory case (40), on truck body floor(

    4 Γ

    ) on fill two and be fixed on load carrying floor(

    41,)

    On quarter cogged semicircle neck (45), gear mesh linking on the gear (47) of motor (46) and semicircle neck (45), semicircle neck (45) be able to block rotating disk (44).

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