Erythrophloeum ferdii seed blending and pretreating method

Erythrophloeum ferdii seed blending and pretreating method

  • CN 104,115,590 B
  • Filed: 07/25/2014
  • Issued: 01/11/2017
  • Est. Priority Date: 07/25/2014
  • Status: Active Grant
First Claim
Patent Images

1. a Semen Erythrophlei fourdii seed modulation and preprocess method, including removing fruit pod, the storage of seeds, Soaking in hot water, concentrated sulphuric acid seed dressing and Seed soaking operation, it is waited to levy and is:

  • Semen Erythrophlei fourdii fruit is placed in kind do solid work dry except being dried in bud machine and removing fruit pod, the clean kind obtaining being dried is placed on hermetically drying storage in cylinder, before sowing, seed is taken out, it is placed in hot water immersion 2 times, after eccysis jelly and sorting seed, the seed concentrated sulphuric acid not having imbibition is dressed seed after several minutes and is soaked in clear water, treat seed imbibition, can sow, it is as follows that it processes step;

    (1) fruit pod is removed;

    fruit is placed in and kind does solid work dry except being dried, remove fruit pod in bud machine, obtain being dried clean kind;

    (2) the storage of seeds;

    be placed in hermetically drying storage in cylinder being dried clean kind;

    (3) Soaking in hot water;

    be placed in hot water by seed and carry out the 1st hot-water soak, after stirring 10~

    15 min, pulls the impurity kept afloat, empty grain and worm grain out, pulls seed, eccysis jelly out, sort seed, carry out the 2nd hot-water soak after 18~

    24 h;

    (4) concentrated sulphuric acid seed dressing;

    to still not having the seed of imbibition through the 2nd hot-water soak, with 95~

    98.3% concentrated sulphuric acid seed dressing 4~

    6Min, seed coat after softening rinses out sulphuric acid;

    (5) Seed soaking;

    the seed through dense sulfuric acid treatment is soaked in 20~

    30 DEG C of clear water, clear water with the parts by weight of seed is;

    clear water 3~

    4 parts, 1 part of seed, after 18~

    24 h, the whole imbibition of seed, can pull sowing out;

    Described in step (3) Soaking in hot water, the 1st hot-water soak temperature is 50 ±

    2 DEG C, and hot water with the parts by weight of seed is;

    hot water 4~

    5 parts, 1 part of seed;

    The method sorting seed described in step (3) hot-water soak seed is;

    sub-elect seed and the seed of non-imbibition of imbibition from the seed of wash clean, the seed of imbibition is through rejecting episperm still band cyan the most, can sow after the seed that Maturity of feeling like jelly after imbibition is inadequate, the seed of non-imbibition will carry out the 2nd time and soak hot water;

    Described in step (3) hot-water soak seed, the 2nd hot-water soak temperature is 35 ±

    5 DEG C, and hot water with the parts by weight of seed is;

    hot water 2~

    3 parts, 1 part of seed, selects the planting seed of imbibition after soaking 18~

    24 h;

    Concentrated sulphuric acid described in the seed dressing of step (4) concentrated sulphuric acid with seed weight number is;

    10 parts of seed, concentrated sulphuric acid 1~

    1.5 parts;

    The method removing fruit pod described in step (1) is;

    kind of a real input kind done solid work dry except in bud machine, arranging temperature is 30~

    35 DEG C, then cylinder and stirring paddle are started, air blast, after being dried 2~

    3 d, drum natural wind 0.1~

    0.5 h, then it is real to improve rotating speed of agitator hammering kind, real to fruit pod breakaway kind, only planted;

    Doing solid work dry removing in bud machine by only planting again to put into plant again, arranging temperature is 30~

    35 DEG C, then starts cylinder and stirring paddle, air blast, is dried 1~

    2 d;

    The method of the storage of seeds described in step (2) is;

    with the packed quick lime of cotton or silica gel, laminating adhesive Polywoven Bag is put into together with being dried clean kind, seed with the parts by weight of quick lime or silica gel is;

    10 parts of seed, quick lime or 1 part of silica gel, braiding bag mouth is sealed with sealing machine, it is placed in watt cylinder or plastics cylinder, it is 0.1~

    0.2 mm covered rearing with plastic film cylinder mouth with thickness, then closes the lid.

View all claims
    ×
    ×

    Thank you for your feedback

    ×
    ×