Method of arranging rail construction facility field in farmland and facility thereof

Method of arranging rail construction facility field in farmland and facility thereof

  • CN 104,737,660 A
  • Filed: 12/31/2013
  • Published: 07/01/2015
  • Est. Priority Date: 12/31/2013
  • Status: Active Application
First Claim
Patent Images

1. the method for orbit construction facility farmland is set in farmland:

  • Manufacture and design and in farmland, install field rail, field rail can also be used for the water of isolating field, both sides;

    Manufacture and design and the other station power line of the extraneous power network of the connection of arranging along field rail is installed in farmland;

    Build the farmland of band field rail, described farmland comprises the earth'"'"'s surface of various growing plant, such as paddy field, irrigated land, nonirrigated farmland, terraced fields and hillside fields;

    Build and comprise the terraced fields that Cheng Fang is smooth vertical and horizontal with building terraced fields dam in flakes;

    Field rail is set in farmland, existing terraced fields dam is transformed into the field rail that can travel the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail and/or automatic cultivating apparatus and the electric pole arranged along field rail layout and other station power line;

    Parallel double field rail is straight or bending, mutually can be connected growth;

    Can be continuous in the shape of a spiral and to be arranged on terraced fields or hillside and along the direction of advance band gradient;

    East and West direction or other direction are arranged;

    Field rail contains with the installation interface of the cushion block be arranged in farmland and pile and has straight, continuous and smooth load surface;

    Field rail is arranged on fixing or revocable ground;

    The soil that described fixing ground comprises compacting or the basis be made up of other material;

    On-fixed ground comprises the block involved with field rail;

    Parallelism error between described one group of two field rail is less than 30 millimeters;

    Manufacture and design the automatic cultivating apparatus of the base of the rail, comprise two skate group assemblies are installed chassis, job platform, the uniform job platform elevating mechanism of four loads of connecting base plate and job platform, the one group of halfpace beam be arranged on job platform, be in two groups of external platform hanging beams, Computer Control Unit, communication module, watch-dog, removable electric linkage interface outside job platform both sides;

    Each landing beam is furnished with more than one the various manipulators be made up of different parts comprise rotary tillage of plowing, sow, rice transplanting of pulling up seedlings is transplanted seedlings, dropper fertilising, cotton topping, the threshing of rice wheat harvesting, fruit and vegetable picking, potato class peanut receive adopt, cotton picking, stalk are tied up, soil builds the manipulator that digs and build canals;

    When needing, manipulator can land and carry out operation, described wheels assembly, electronic worm screw, communication module, watch-dog, removable electric linkage interface are connected with main control computer signal by interface circuit with relevant manipulator, and the state of described wheels assembly, job platform and each manipulator is changed according to main control computer instruction change;

    Described automatic cultivating apparatus is transmitted earthward by the field rail in farmland and gravity or the field rail in farmland moves and keeps the electrical connection with extraneous power network by removable electric linkage interface;

    Described automatic cultivating apparatus is made to adopt roller automatic centering control and chassis balance automatically to control further;

    Manufacture and design base of the rail transport vehicle;

    Manufacture and design the miniature automatic cultivating apparatus of the single track base of the rail travelled on single rail, it electrical connection interface comprising manipulator and be connected with station, side power line, and bottom it, be provided with the roller of former and later two band wheel rims and built-in drive unit;

    Manufacture and design the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail, comprise photovoltaic battery panel, be provided with the chassis of two skate group assemblies, solar tracking device, Computer Control Unit, communication module, satellite navigation locating module, watch-dog, the removable electric linkage interface that is electrically connected with other power line of standing;

    Wheels assembly comprises containing one with the wheels of upper roller, wheels drive unit and wheels steering control device;

    Make described wheels assembly, solar tracking device, communication module, satellite navigation locating module, watch-dog are connected with main control computer signal by interface circuit with removable electric linkage interface, the state of described wheels assembly and photovoltaic battery panel is changed according to main control computer instruction change;

    The field rail of described photovoltaic generating system in farmland moves and is continued and extraneous power network Change Power by removable electric linkage interface and other station power line;

    Photovoltaic generating system is made constantly to move around;

    In the cycle that moves around, shading factor is called to crops shading time and the ratio in the cycle that moves around;

    Preferred shading factor scope is 8% to 14%;

    The distance that moves around of photovoltaic generating system comprises field rail that border, leap more than one group field is connected, the speed that moves around comprises speed quick and on duty, and its scope comprises 1 to 10 meter per second and 0. 01 to 1 meter per second respectively;

    Getting parallel double field rail orbit centre linear distance is 5*(1-0.618)=1.91 meters, many group parallel double adjacent spacing of field rail of laying also gets 5 meters;

    The base of the rail movable solar energy manufactured and designed with pitched roof shape top cover utilizes system;

    Hook plate can also be set on described chassis and catch field rail to make described photovoltaic generating system and automatic cultivating apparatus and field rail be combined as a whole, or adopt reinforcement screw to get off with screwing in strengthen the steadiness of described photovoltaic generating system and automatic cultivating apparatus temporarily.

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