Apparatus for precipitation and separate treatment of pigwash and recycling of oil

Apparatus for precipitation and separate treatment of pigwash and recycling of oil

  • CN 104,828,985 A
  • Filed: 04/30/2015
  • Published: 08/12/2015
  • Est. Priority Date: 04/30/2015
  • Status: Active Application
First Claim
Patent Images

1. a swill precipitation sub-argument refiltered oil device, is characterized in that:

  • described swill precipitation sub-argument refiltered oil device mainly comprises casing (1), sealing cover (14), compartment plate (2), leaks cinder notch (16), sub-argument plate (8), oil suction float (3), oil-sucking hole (4), oil guiding hole (5), oil guide pipe (6), expansion pipe (7), slag trapping box (17), swill pipe (9), water outlet (10), water shoot (11), gathering room (13), heating tube (25), settling chamber (15);

    Described casing (1) is the container of fat T-shaped, at the transverse direction of fat T-shaped container and the vertical intersection of fat T-shaped container is inclined end face while be planar base surface, be fixed with compartment plate (2) at casing (1) and vertical casing (1) intersection of the inclined end face of transverse direction and casing (1) is divided into gathering room (13) and settling chamber (15), the casing (1) of the horizontal planar base surface casing (1) vertical with settling chamber (15) is connected the settling chamber (15) forming and have middle and upper part to have transverse direction to protrude, compartment plate (2) while be settling chamber (15), the other side is gathering room (13), the bottom of settling chamber (15) is placed with slag trapping box (17), there is leakage cinder notch (16) at compartment plate (2) place on sub-argument plate (8), leaks cinder notch (16) and communicates with gathering room (13) and settling chamber (15), water outlet (10) is arranged at casing (1) bottom of the planar base surface part of the transverse direction on settling chamber (15) top, the inside and outside two sides of casing (1) bottom at water outlet (10) place has been fixed with water shoot (11), and water shoot (11) communicates with water outlet (10), obliquely on casing (1) inwall at the lower lip place of the leakage cinder notch (16) of compartment plate (2) bottom in settling chamber (15) be fixed with sub-argument plate (8), sub-argument plate (8) stretches to above the slag trapping box (17) in settling chamber (15) from the infraoral leaking cinder notch (16), and sub-argument plate (8) stretches to part above slag trapping box (17) lower than the part be fixed on casing (1) and casing (1) bottom lower than gathering room (13), floating on swill face in gathering room (13) have oil suction float (3), the casing (1) of the bottom of gathering room (13) is provided with oil guiding hole (5), oil guide pipe (6) is all fixed with on the two sides of the casing (1) at oil guiding hole (5) place, oil guide pipe (6) on oil suction float (3) is connected by expansion pipe (7) with the oil guide pipe (6) on the casing (1) in gathering room (13), the inwall in the swill face near gathering room (13) is fixed with heating tube (25) or is fixed with heating tube (25) on oil suction float (3), gathering room (13) is consistent with the height in the swill face of settling chamber (15),Described casing (1) is provided with sealing cover (14), sealing cover (14) is fixed with swill pipe (9), swill pipe (9) is through after sealing cover (14), the top of the leakage cinder notch (16) of the compartment plate (2) in gathering room (13) is stretched in the lower end of swill pipe (9), and the upper end of swill pipe (9) is connected with the lower quarrel of funnel or is directly connected with the posticum (18) of sink;

    The waste gas that sealing cover (14) can make the swill in casing (1) produce is discharged in water drain through water shoot (11), and the stink of swill is not spread everywhere;

    Described oil suction float (3) swims in the float on the swill face in gathering room (13), oil suction float (3) has oil-sucking hole (4) and oil guiding hole (5);

    Oil-sucking hole (4) is being provided with higher than in oil suction float (3) part in swill face, oil guiding hole (5) is provided with in the bottom of oil suction float (3), be fixed with oil guide pipe (6) at oil guiding hole (5) place of the outside of oil suction float (3) bottom, be fixed with heating tube (25) in the outside of oil suction float (3) or do not fix heating tube (25);

    Described sub-argument plate (8) is the plate being fixed on oblique installation on the locular wall in settling chamber (15), sub-argument plate (8) is fixed on the intersection of the bottom of the gathering room (13) in the locular wall of the settling chamber (15) in the lower end of the compartment plate (2) in settling chamber (15), casing (1) and casing (1), and sub-argument plate (8) can guide the rice grain dish slag in the swill entered in settling chamber (15) to be deposited in slag trapping box (17);

    Described compartment plate (2) is the dividing plate that settling chamber (15) are separated with gathering room (13), and compartment plate (2) is fixed on the intersection of the locular wall of the inclined end face of the casing (1) of gathering room (13) and the vertical casing (1) of settling chamber (15);

    Lou cinder notch (16) is provided with in the bottom of compartment plate (2), leak the space between breach or sub-argument plate (8) and gathering room (13) bottom that cinder notch (16) is compartment plate (2) bottom, between compartment plate (2) and sealing cover (14), have space or hole;

    Described leakage cinder notch (16) is the place of the swill after swill is separated with hogwash fat and the rice grain dish slag process in swill;

    Described gathering room (13) is the container storing swill and assemble hogwash fat, the bottom of gathering room (13) is from the bottom of the gathering room (13) on compartment plate (2) opposite to the inclined-plane that the lower surface of compartment plate (2) tilts, and the bottom of the gathering room (13) near settling chamber (15) is lower than the bottom of the gathering room (13) on compartment plate (2) opposite;

    The casing (1) of gathering room (13) bottom has leakage cinder notch (16) with the intersection of compartment plate (2), the casing (1) of gathering room (13) bottom there is oil guiding hole (5), casing (1) above oil guiding hole (5) is fixed with oil guide pipe (6), and oil guiding hole (5) communicates with oil guide pipe (6);

    The wall in the swill face in gathering room (13) is fixed with heating tube (25) or does not fix heating tube (25);

    The sealing cover (14) at gathering room (13) top is fixed with swill pipe (9), and the top of Lou cinder notch (16) is stretched in the lower end of swill pipe (9);

    Floating on swill face in gathering room (13) have oil suction float (3), and the oil guide pipe (6) of oil suction float (3) bottom is connected by the oil guide pipe (6) of expansion pipe (7) with gathering room (13) bottom;

    The top of the leakage cinder notch (16) of compartment plate (2) lower end is entered into from swill pipe (9) swill entered in gathering room (13), the hogwash fat that density is less than swill buoyancy effect float downward and combine on swill face, density coordinates with the inclined-plane of sub-argument plate (8) under being more than or equal to the effect of pressure in the mass force of the rice grain dish slag of swill and swill flowing in swill pipe (9) and gathering room (13) and the gravity of self again, rice grain dish slag and swill from gathering room (13) through leakage cinder notch (16) feeding settling chamber (15);

    Described heating tube (25) is the electrothermal tube or hot-water circulation pipe that can heat, and is fixed on the inwall in the swill face of gathering room (13) or is fixed on oil suction float (3);

    Described heating tube (25), for the hogwash fat of heating-condensing in the winter time, flows on the swill surface of gathering room (13) after the hogwash fat of condensation is melted;

    Described settling chamber (15) is the container of precipitation rice grain dish slag, is have middle and upper part to have the container laterally protruded;

    There is leakage cinder notch (16) middle and lower part of the sub-argument plate (8) of settling chamber (15), settling chamber (15) communicates with the swill of gathering room (13) by leaking cinder notch (16), is placed with slag trapping box (17) in settling chamber (15);

    The rice grain dish slag entering settling chamber (15) from leakage cinder notch (16) is deposited in slag trapping box (17);

    Described oil-sucking hole (4) is via hole, exposes in the part in swill face at oil suction float (3);

    Oil-sucking hole (4) is for introducing the hogwash fat gathered in gathering room (13) in oil suction float (3);

    Described oil guiding hole (5) is via hole, in the bottom of oil suction float (3) with on the casing (1) of gathering room (13) bottom, the oil guiding hole (5) of oil suction float (3) bottom is for being transported to the hogwash fat entered in oil suction float (3) in oil guide pipe (6), and the oil guiding hole (5) on the casing (1) of gathering room (13) bottom is for being transported to hogwash fat in oil storage vessel or in the transport pipe of hogwash fat by oil guide pipe (6);

    Described oil guide pipe (6) is open tube, be separately fixed at the bottom of oil suction float (3) and communicate with oil guiding hole (5) on sub-argument plate (8), the oil guide pipe (6) of the bottom of oil suction float (3) is connected by expansion pipe (7) with the oil guide pipe (6) above sub-argument plate (8);

    Oil guide pipe (6) communicates, for carrying hogwash fat with oil guiding hole (5) and expansion pipe (7);

    Described expansion pipe (7) has extend and shorten the pipeline of function or have the pipeline of bending function, for connecting oil guide pipe (6) and conveying hogwash fat;

    Described swill pipe (9) is transport pipe, for carrying swill;

    Described slag trapping box (17) is the container not having to cover of the rice grain dish slag of collecting precipitation, and slag trapping box (17) is provided with posticum (18);

    Described water outlet (10) is hole, passageway, and in the position on casing (1) top of settling chamber (15) part, the position of water outlet (10) is the height of the water surface storing swill;

    Water outlet (10) is for ensureing the height in the swill face of settling chamber (15) and gathering room (13) and allowing the swill after processing pass through;

    Described water shoot (11) is discharge line, and the inside and outside two sides being fixed on casing (1) bottom of the transverse direction on settling chamber (15) top communicates with water outlet (10);

    Water shoot (11) is for discharging the swill after precipitation;

    During first use, in casing (1), add clear water, the water surface reaches water outlet (10) place and is advisable, and avoids swill directly to enter settling chamber (15) and hogwash fat is brought in settling chamber (15), in use, swill enters the top of the leakage cinder notch (16) in gathering room (13) from swill pipe (9), the hogwash fat that density is less than swill buoyancy effect float downward and combine on swill face, under density is more than or equal to the effect of pressure in the rice grain dish slag of swill and the mass force of swill flowing in swill pipe (9) and gathering room (13) and the gravity of self and coordinate on the inclined-plane of sub-argument plate (8) lower rice grain dish slag and swill from gathering room (13) through leakage cinder notch (16) feeding settling chamber (15), hogwash fat on swill face in gathering room (13) enters in oil suction float (3) through oil-sucking hole (4), enter in expansion pipe (7) from oil guiding hole (5), the oil guide pipe (6) of oil suction float (3) bottom again, then enter oil guide pipe (6) the inclined-plane of gathering room (13) bottom from expansion pipe (7), oil guiding hole (5) is transported to the hogwash fat collected in storage vessel and stores, when running into the hogwash fat condensation on the swill face in gathering room (13) winter, hogwash fat can not flow in gathering room (13), at this moment by the hogwash fat that the swill face in heating tube (25) heating gathering room (13) is arrived, heated rear hogwash fat and can flow and can enter in oil suction float (3) smoothly, after rice grain dish slag and swill through leaking cinder notch (16) enter settling chamber (15), the rice grain dish slag being greater than the density of swill is slipped in slag trapping box (17) from sub-argument plate (8), and the swill in rice grain dish slag exclusion slag trapping box (17) makes the swill in slag trapping box (17) extrude from the upper oral part of posticum (18) and slag trapping box (17), through precipitation after swill from be fixed on settling chamber (15) middle and upper part transverse direction casing (1) bottom in water shoot (11) after water outlet (10), then through being fixed on settling chamber (15) middle and upper part transverse direction casing (1) bottom below water shoot (11) enter in sewage treatment pipeline, after rice grain dish slag deposit buildup in slag trapping box (17) is full, open sealing cover (14), casing (1) from slag trapping box (17) to settling chamber (15) while pull, the part making slag trapping box (17) shift out sub-argument plate (8) to block, then in settling chamber (15), slag trapping box (17) is proposed, rice grain dish slag in slag trapping box (17) is poured in centrifugal rice grain dish Slag treatment device or in extruding type rice grain dish Slag treatment device and processes, rice grain dish slag after treatment can either be used as fuel, can be used in again the raw material manufacturing industrial spirit, when swill enters gathering room (13) from swill pipe (9), there is a little rising in swill face in gathering room (13) and settling chamber (15), oil suction float (3) in gathering room (13) can follow swill face to rise, the expansion pipe (7) be connected on the oil guide pipe (6) of oil suction float (3) bottom is pulled by oil suction float (3) and extends, to ensure that oil suction float (3) exposes the height in swill face and oil-sucking hole (4) is not drawn into underwater of swilling, when not having swill to enter gathering room (13) in swill pipe (9), the swill face of gathering room (13) is reduced to the position of water outlet (10), and oil suction float (3) and then declines and contracts bellows (7) is shunk.

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