Environment-friendly pigwash processing and utilizing apparatus

Environment-friendly pigwash processing and utilizing apparatus

  • CN 104,876,351 A
  • Filed: 05/18/2015
  • Published: 09/02/2015
  • Est. Priority Date: 05/18/2015
  • Status: Active Application
First Claim
Patent Images

1. a swill processing and utilizing environmental protection equipment, is characterized in that:

  • described swill processing and utilizing environmental protection equipment mainly comprises casing (1), case lid (21), strumbox (9), dividing plate (2), heating tube (18), gulps down oil float (3), oil supply hole (4), swallows hole (6), oil inlet pipe (8), expansion pipe (7), swill pipe (24), water outlet, water shoot (13), poly-grease chamber (15), accumulator (16), filtration chamber (25), Slag filter (11), observation window (5), well heater, oil drain cock;

    The upper face seal that described strumbox (9) is arranged on casing (1) gathers the top of grease chamber (15), and below the bottom of strumbox (9) bottom of one side Shi Ju grease chamber (15), and the top of simultaneously Shi Ju grease chamber (15) is the bottom of strumbox (9) below, profit hole (10) is provided with in the bottom of strumbox (9), profit hole (10) place of the bottom in strumbox (9) is fixed with Slag filter (11), below the bottom of strumbox (9), profit hole (10) place of one side is fixed with profit pipe (17), the lower end of profit pipe (17) can extend in the swill in the poly-grease chamber (15) after filtering, and strumbox (9) is communicated with poly-grease chamber (15) by Slag filter (11), profit hole (10) and profit pipe (17), in described casing (1), being laterally fixed with dividing plate (2) is divided into poly-grease chamber (15) and accumulator (16) casing (1), the upper section of poly-grease chamber (15) in casing (1), the lower part of accumulator (16) in casing (1), bottom, the below one side of one side Shi Ju grease chamber (15) above of dividing plate (2) are the tops of accumulator (16), dividing plate (2) has oil-through hole, on dividing plate (2) or the oil-through hole place of upper and lower surface be fixed with oil inlet pipe (8), dividing plate (2) the above oil inlet pipe (8) of one side stretches in expansion pipe (7) and is tightly connected with expansion pipe (7), on the swill face of filtering, floatingly oil float (3) and heating tube (18) is gulped down in poly-grease chamber (15), heating tube (18) by be supported and fixed on gulp down oil float (3) upper or be fixed on poly-grease chamber (15) by spring locular wall on or be fixed on floating floating head and float on swill face, the oil inlet pipe (8) gulped down on oil float (3) is stretched in expansion pipe (7) and is tightly connected by expansion pipe (7) with the oil inlet pipe (8) of the one side above of dividing plate (2), poly-grease chamber (15) is merely able to the oil supply hole (4) by gulping down on oil float (3) and swallows hole (6) and oil inlet pipe (8), hole (6) of swallowing on expansion pipe (7) and dividing plate (2) communicates with accumulator (16), the internal pressure that the chamber wall portion of the accumulator (16) on casing (1) bears position that is little or that do not bear internal pressure is provided with observation window (5), is provided with oil drain cock in the bottom of accumulator (16), the internal pressure that the chamber wall portion of the poly-grease chamber (15) on casing (1) bears position that is little or that do not bear internal pressure is provided with observation window (5), the locular wall of the poly-grease chamber (15) on casing (1) is provided with posticum (14), posticum (14) is lower than the swill face of the swill after filtering of poly-grease chamber (15) interior splendid attire, be fixed with water shoot (13) at posticum (14) place of casing (1) outside, one end higher than the water-in of water shoot (13) discharge swill, one end of the water outlet of swill discharged by water shoot (13),Above described strumbox (9), case lid (21) is installed, case lid (21) is fixed with swill pipe (24), swill pipe (24) is through after case lid (21), the lower end of swill pipe (24) is stretched in filtration chamber (25), and the upper end of swill pipe (24) is connected with the lower quarrel of funnel or is directly connected with the water outlet of sink;

    Described casing (1) is the cavity that bottom and surrounding are sealed to one, and the edge section of the upper end supporting box cover (21) of casing (1), case lid (21) is fixed with the swill pipe (24) through case lid (21);

    Casing (1) for holding device and the equipment of poly-grease chamber (15) and accumulator (16) and poly-grease chamber (15) and the installation of accumulator (16) the inside, and can play the effect of sound insulation or minimizing noise;

    Described case lid (21) is the lid on casing (1), for the upper end of sealed filter chamber (25);

    The peculiar smell that case lid (21) can make the swill in the rice grain dish slag of filtration chamber (25) and poly-grease chamber (15) produce and stink do not spread everywhere, and can play the effect of sound insulation or minimizing noise;

    Described strumbox (9) be can with the independence container of casing (1) distinct filtration rice grain dish slag, profit hole (10) is arranged at the bottom of strumbox (9), bottom in strumbox (9) is provided with the Slag filter (11) blocking profit hole (10), profit hole (10) place below the bottom of strumbox (9) is fixed with profit pipe (17), and the upper end of strumbox (9) supports and the edge of sealed platform cover (21);

    When the swill entered from swill pipe (24) enters strumbox (9), remaining in leach moisture in swill and hogwash fat in strumbox (9) after in strumbox (9) is rice grain dish slag, and rice grain dish slag is accumulated in the filtration chamber (25) in strumbox (9);

    Described dividing plate (2) is the dividing plate (2) of (16) top, tight storage room and poly-grease chamber (15) bottom, is fixed on the poly-grease chamber (15) of the upper sealing of casing (1) and accumulator (16);

    Dividing plate (2) is provided with swallows hole (6), is fixed with oil inlet pipe (8) swallowing hole (6) place;

    Above dividing plate (2), the oil inlet pipe (8) of one side is connected by expansion pipe (7) with the oil inlet pipe (8) gulped down on oil float (3);

    Described filtration chamber (25) is the part in the space that strumbox (9) inside removing Slag filter (11) blocks;

    The rice grain dish slag entered the swill of filtration chamber (25) from swill pipe (24) is accumulated in filtration chamber (25);

    Described poly-grease chamber (15) is the container storing swill and assemble hogwash fat, hole (6) swallowed by the dividing plate (2) of bottom, poly-grease chamber (15), above dividing plate (2) or hole (6) place of swallowing of upper and lower surface is fixed with oil inlet pipe (8), swallows hole (6) and communicates with oil inlet pipe (8);

    Below strumbox (9) bottom at poly-grease chamber (15) top, profit hole (10) place of one side is fixed with profit pipe (17), and the lower end of profit pipe (17) extend in swill;

    Floatingly on swill face in poly-grease chamber (15) gulp down oil float (3) and heating tube (18), the oil inlet pipe (8) gulped down bottom oil float (3) is connected with the oil inlet pipe (8) on dividing plate (2) by expansion pipe (7);

    The lower end object extend in swill of profit pipe (17) not to collide when the swill filtered enters and contacts with swill face in accumulator (16) to allow, do not collide and would not produce the swill pearl of splashing, swill face does not have the swill pearl of splashing, the impurity sucking the hogwash fat gulped down in oil float (3) will lack;

    Entering in poly-grease chamber (15) from profit pipe (17) enters into below swill face through the swill filtered, the hogwash fat that density is less than swill buoyancy effect float downward and combine on swill face;

    Described accumulator (16) is the container storing hogwash fat, hole (6) swallowed by the dividing plate (2) that the casing (1) of accumulator (16) bottom is provided with cock of water drain, top, accumulator (16) by dividing plate (2) swallow hole (6) and oil inlet pipe (8) and expansion pipe (7), to gulp down oil float (3) through;

    In accumulator (16), be provided with well heater, well heater is used for the hogwash fat that heating and melting is solidified;

    Described observation window (5) is the window being provided with hyalosome, becomes to be integrated respectively on the top of accumulator (16) or the locular wall of middle and upper part with on the top of poly-grease chamber (15) or the locular wall of middle and upper part with casing (1);

    Observation window (5) for observing the swill face in poly-grease chamber (15) and whether the hogwash fat on swill face solidifies, and observes the storage height of the hogwash fat in accumulator (16) and whether hogwash fat solidifies;

    In order to prevent hogwash fat from revealing, the upper mode becoming to be integrated with casing (1) fixing seal or adopt liner containment to add screw of casing (1) that the window-frame of the observation window (5) on described accumulator (16) top or the locular wall of middle and upper part or forms adopt the mode of inlaying to be embedded in the chamber wall portion of accumulator (16) is fixed on the casing (1) of the chamber wall portion of accumulator (16);

    Conveniently observe the working condition in poly-grease chamber (15) and the device in the poly-grease chamber (15) of maintenance and equipment, the window-frame of the observation window (5) on the casing (1) of described (15) top, poly-grease chamber or the chamber wall portion of middle and upper part or forms adopt liner containment add screw fashion be fixed on the casing (1) of the chamber wall portion of poly-grease chamber (15) upper or adopt liner containment and hinge-type fixed party to add again mode that screw fixes other orientation is fixed on the casing (1) of the chamber wall portion of poly-grease chamber (15), be arranged on casing (1) and can open or dismantle;

    Described oil float (3) that gulps down swims in the float on the swill face in poly-grease chamber (15), gulps down and oil float (3) have oil supply hole (4) and swallow hole (6);

    Oil supply hole (4) is being provided with higher than gulping down in oil float (3) part of swill face, be provided with in the bottom gulping down oil float (3) and swallow hole (6), oil supply hole (4) with swallow hole (6) and communicate, be fixed with oil inlet pipe (8) at hole (6) place of swallowing of the outside gulping down oil float (3) bottom;

    Described oil supply hole (4) is via hole, exposes in the part in swill face gulping down oil float (3);

    Oil supply hole (4) gulps down in oil float (3) for the hogwash fat gathered in poly-grease chamber (15) is introduced;

    It is described that to swallow hole (6) be via hole, respectively on the bottom gulping down oil float (3) and dividing plate (2), what gulp down oil float (3) bottom swallows hole (6) for being transported in oil inlet pipe (8) entering the hogwash fat gulped down in oil float (3), and dividing plate (2) swallows hole (6) for hogwash fat being transported in accumulator (16);

    Described oil inlet pipe (8) is open tube, be separately fixed at the bottom that gulps down oil float (3) and on dividing plate (2) or upper and lower surface with swallow hole (6) and communicate, the oil inlet pipe (8) gulping down the bottom of oil float (3) is connected by expansion pipe (7) with the oil inlet pipe (8) above dividing plate (2);

    Oil inlet pipe (8) with swallow hole (6) and expansion pipe (7) communicates, for carrying hogwash fat;

    Described expansion pipe (7) has extend and shorten the pipeline of function or have the pipeline of bending function, for connecting oil inlet pipe (8) and conveying hogwash fat;

    Described swill pipe (24) is transport pipe, for conveying swill in filtration chamber (25);

    Described heating tube (18) is pipe or the electrothermal tube of hot water circulation heated, for heating the hogwash fat that swill face is solidified;

    Described well heater is the device of hot water circulation heated or the device of heating, for heating the hogwash fat solidified in accumulator (16);

    Described Slag filter (11) has the filter screen of reticulated cell or has the screen pack of multilayer reticulated cell combination filter screen together or have the baffle element of water hole (12), blocks top in the profit hole (10) of strumbox (9) the interception of rice grain dish slag in strumbox (9);

    Reticulated cell or water hole (12) flow out for allowing the moisture of swill and hogwash fat;

    Described posticum (14) is the via hole of the swill process allowed after filtering and collect hogwash fat, on the middle and lower part of poly-grease chamber (15) or the casing (1) of bottom, communicates with water shoot (13);

    Described water shoot (13) is discharge line, casing (1) outside that one end of the water-in of water shoot (13) is fixed on (15) bottom, poly-grease chamber or middle and lower part communicates with posticum (14), and the water outlet of water shoot (13) is higher than the water-in of water shoot (13);

    The water outlet of water shoot (13) is for ensureing the height in the swill face in poly-grease chamber (15) and allowing the swill after processing pass through;

    Water shoot (13) is for discharging through filtering and collecting the swill after hogwash fat;

    Described oil drain cock is electronic or manual valve;

    In use, swill enters in the filtration chamber (25) of strumbox (9) from swill pipe (24), moisture in swill and hogwash fat flow out from the reticulated cell of Slag filter (11) or water hole (12), and the rice grain dish slag in swill is stayed in filtration chamber (25), the swill of the filtration of flowing out from reticulated cell or water hole (12) is through profit hole (10), profit pipe (17) enters into below the swill face in poly-grease chamber (15), the hogwash fat that density is less than swill buoyancy effect float downward and combine on swill face, be stored in the swill face of the swill in poly-grease chamber (15) when the lower-most point of the water outlet higher than water shoot (13), swill after filtering and collect hogwash fat discharges poly-grease chamber (15) through water shoot (13) again through posticum (14), the swill after filtering and collecting hogwash fat of discharging poly-grease chamber (15) enters in water drain and enters in sewage treatment pipeline again, hogwash fat on swill face in poly-grease chamber (15) enters through oil supply hole (4) and gulps down in oil float (3), again from gulp down oil float (3) bottom swallow hole (6), oil inlet pipe (8) enters in expansion pipe (7), then enter oil inlet pipe (8) on dividing plate (2) through expansion pipe (7), swallow hole (6) and then enter storage accumulator (16) in, in cold season, whether the hogwash fat first observed swill face from observation window (5) solidifies, if hogwash fat solidifies, melt by heating tube (18) heating the hogwash fat solidified, hogwash fat after thawing just can enter through oil supply hole (4) and gulp down in oil float (3), again from gulp down oil float (3) bottom swallow hole (6), oil inlet pipe (8) enters in expansion pipe (7), then enter oil inlet pipe (8) on dividing plate (2) through expansion pipe (7), swallow hole (6) and then enter storage accumulator (16) in, the hogwash fat stored in accumulator (16) is when fuel-displaced, and the moisture of separating out after first opening the hogwash fat precipitation in cock of water drain releasing accumulator (16) of accumulator (16) bottom and impurity, until there is hogwash fat out just to close cock of water drain, open oil drain cock afterwards, hogwash fat flows into oil storage vessel to store or pass through from oil drain cock from oil drain cock and is input into the place that oil pipe (8) road is transported to needs, when cold season is fuel-displaced, first observes hogwash fat from observation window (5) and whether solidify, if solidified, by well heater after the hogwash fat heating and melting in accumulator (16), can be fuel-displaced, after rice grain dish slag deposit buildup in filtration chamber (25) in strumbox (9) is full, open case lid (21), strumbox (9) is taken off above poly-grease chamber (15), rice grain dish slag in strumbox (9) is poured in centrifugal rice grain dish Slag treatment device or in extruding type rice grain dish Slag treatment device and processes, rice grain dish slag after treatment can either be used as fuel, can be used in again the raw material manufacturing industrial spirit, when swill enters poly-grease chamber (15) from profit pipe (17), there is a little rising in swill face in poly-grease chamber (15), gulping down oil float (3) swill face can be followed to rise in poly-grease chamber (15), the expansion pipe (7) be connected on the oil inlet pipe (8) gulping down oil float (3) bottom is gulped down oil float (3) and pulls and extend, and exposes the height in swill face and oil supply hole (4) is not drawn into underwater of swilling to ensure to gulp down oil float (3), when not having swill to enter poly-grease chamber (15) in profit pipe (17), the swill face of poly-grease chamber (15) is reduced to the position of the lower-most point of the water outlet of water shoot (13), gulps down oil float (3) and and then declines and contracts bellows (7) contraction, when swill processing and utilizing environmental protection equipment works, observe the height the swill face in poly-grease chamber (15) and the working condition gulping down oil float (3) from the observation window (5) of poly-grease chamber (15), observe the storage height of the hogwash fat in accumulator (16) from the observation window (5) of accumulator (16), accomplish fuel-displaced in time.

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