Rapid flower forcing method for cerasus serrulata kurz

Rapid flower forcing method for cerasus serrulata kurz

  • CN 105,941,105 B
  • Filed: 04/21/2016
  • Issued: 10/16/2020
  • Est. Priority Date: 04/21/2016
  • Status: Active Grant
First Claim
Patent Images

1. A rapid flower forcing method for cerasus serrulata '"'"'Yang Guifei'"'"' is characterized by comprising the following steps:

  • a. plant selection;

    the cherry named '"'"'Yang Guifei'"'"' has beautiful tree shape, plump crown, large flower bud amount and enters a dormant state;

    b. digging and binding the nursery stock;

    digging up the cherry seedlings of the imperial concubine poplar of the step a, and packing and compacting the cherry seedlings by using a wire mesh;

    c. and (3) seedling transportation;

    the soil balls are kept intact and not loose in the transportation process, and moisture is kept, so that the tree form is prevented from being damaged;

    d. moving the cherry seedlings of the Imperial concubine of the poplar into a greenhouse 8-9 days before the target time required by the full-bloom period, preventing branch buds from being damaged when the cherry seedlings enter the greenhouse, planting the seedlings in a planting bag by peat soil, and spraying water in a full-crown manner after the roots of the seedlings are thoroughly watered;

    e. flower forcing measures;

    the greenhouse is ventilated, and the temperature and the humidity in the greenhouse are controlled, so that the growth environment of the '"'"'Yang Guifei'"'"' cherry seedlings is as follows;

    the temperature is 24-29 ℃

    , the relative humidity is 80-100%, and the tree body is prevented from being dry cracked and buds are prevented from being burnt;

    f. and (4) shed discharging;

    the flower amount can reach the full-bloom stage after the flower forcing is carried out for 8-9 days, and the flower is taken out of the shed;

    the flower forcing measures in the step e are specifically as follows;

    starting a heating machine at 6;

    00-24;

    00 a day, immediately stopping the heating machine when the temperature is higher than 29 ℃

    during the flower forcing period, starting an exhaust fan to cool, immediately starting the heating machine to heat and closing the exhaust fan when the temperature is lower than 24 ℃

    , immediately spraying water to prevent the trunk of the tree from cracking and burning buds when the barks are dry, wherein the buds and the branches adopt spray heads with low pressure to spray water, the tops of the trees adopt spray heads with high pressure to spray water, the tree tops can be guaranteed to be sprayed in place, and the overall control target is as follows;

    so that the growing environment of the '"'"'poplar Imperial concubine'"'"' cherry nursery stock is as follows;

    the temperature is 24-29 ℃

    , the relative humidity is 80-100%, and the tree body is prevented from being dry cracked and buds are prevented from being burnt;

    in the step d, after the nursery stock enters the greenhouse, the branches are folded towards the middle as much as possible by using the cloth ropes to reduce the crown width, so that the land area is saved, and the nursery stock is fixed by using the bamboo poles.

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