A kind of electric bicycle shared system based on GSM nets

A kind of electric bicycle shared system based on GSM nets

  • CN 107,393,181 A
  • Filed: 07/27/2017
  • Published: 11/24/2017
  • Est. Priority Date: 07/27/2017
  • Status: Active Application
First Claim
Patent Images

1. a kind of electric bicycle shared system based on GSM nets, shared electric bicycle use password unlocking, it is characterized in that,Cell phone application need not be installed, password is generated by uniform rules automatically by master station and each shared electric bicycle, and create-rule is externally protectedClose, password is set using time limit, 1 day phase and 2 day phase, 4 day phase and the non-short-term 15 day phase and 30 days of password time limit point in short termPhase, time limit had a time limit to expire by latter short-term every in addition to 1 day phase 2 days, generated 4 day phase password, and 15 day phase and 30 day phase are usedIn personal user, expire and generate 30 day time limit password, the above-mentioned undue time limit subtracts 2 day or 15 days, can be kept when hiring a carSupplement is remake for 2 day phase, 4 day phase and 15 day time limit and 30 day time limit, during password lazy weight;

  • The short-term time limit is used for obligation voluntarilyCar patrol party, unit collective car, outdoor advertising propaganda team car and collective'"'"'s travelling car etc., user collect after registering leaseMiddle checkout, APP need not be installed without mobile phone using password unlocking, collect shared electric bicycle nearby, be finished and stop in bicycleGo away, can be also continuing with whenever and wherever possible until password expiration ceases to be in force automatically after putting area'"'"'s car locking registration;

    Various time limit passwordsSold by master station, each shared electric bicycle provides service, and personal user need to hand over deposit during sale, by being used during password useShared electric bicycle record service condition, service condition data transmit charged registration controller by shared electric bicycleCollect with communication station to total station control, personal user settles accounts in several days;

    User can log in the Web site query of total station controlUse one-state;

    The password time limit, then password cancelled automatically, and total station control inquires about user with car situation by communication network;

    PasswordIt is made up of 6 decimal numbers, each decimal number is then converted into binary number and makees irregular ring shift left or the right side by the time limitOne is moved, i.e., each cyclic shift number, the 0-F of code character of ACS II after displacement correspond to a fixed decimal system respectivelyRandom number, so, total station control and each controller for electric vehicle with regard to password can be remained as, user inputs the password of purchaseIt can unlock without communication;

    Communication station is communicated using GSM nets using SMS transmitting-receiving mode with total station control;

    The biography of informationDefeated to be relayed by SMS service center (SMSC), it does not have to dialing and can establish connection by GSM SMS service SMS,The information to be sent out is sent to short message service center plus stay of two nights data, is then forwarded to most after short message service center completes storageThe whole stay of two nights;

    Communication station is controlled using single-chip microcomputer to gsm module, realizes that remote data is wirelessly transferred in a manner of SMS messaging, monolithicThe serial port of machine is directly connected with gsm module, completes the initialization to gsm module, realizes the transmission-receiving function of short message;

    Single-chip microcomputerAnother serial port communicated with bluetooth module, communication data is stored in nonvolatile storage;

    The gsm module of communication station usesChip TC35i, single-chip microcomputer use STC12C5A60S2, and single-chip microcomputer is instructed by sending a series of AT to gsm module, completion pairThe initialization of gsm module and receiving short message;

    SMS transmitting-receiving uses TEXT patterns;

    TEXT patterns are a kind of tactic patterns based on ASCII character;

    What single-chip microcomputer receivedCharacter string directly tabled look-up with forms mode be converted into command code and data or vice versa convert thereof into ASCII character transmission;

    Shared electric bicycle is provided with intelligent speed-limiting device and digital speed meter, and possesses moveable endless, and F-Zero is less than20 kilometers;

    Communication station is set in shared electric bicycle diamond or the charging registration controller or infrared of electric bicycle is installedCalling mechanism;

    Charging registration controller includes bluetooth module, and the serial port of single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with bluetooth module;

    In communication stationComprising gsm module and charging registration controller, controller for electric vehicle and intelligent speed-limiting device are housed in shared electric bicycle, it is electronicVehicle controller includes single-chip microcomputer, nonvolatile storage, infrared transceiver device, bluetooth module and keyboard, and infrared transceiver device is connected toThe I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, the serial port of single-chip microcomputer are directly connected with bluetooth module;

    Included in infrared transceiver device by infrared transmitting tubeThe infrared receiving/transmission probe formed with infrared receiving tube and lens;

    The I/O mouths of the single-chip microcomputer electric switch with shared electric bicycle respectivelyLock and connected with the horseshoe lock for being fixed on front wheel carrier;

    The mechanical electric door lock that unshared electric bicycle uses does not have to, and changes by relayDevice and its drive circuit are formed, and its switching signal is provided by single-chip microcomputer through I/O mouths, and when user'"'"'s car, controller for electric vehicle obtainsUnlocking signal is sent to electric door lock after unlocking instruction, the relay normally open contact closure of storage battery power supply circuit is series at, sharesThe different conditions of electric bicycle are controlled by change-over switch;

    Unlocking signal is also sent to horseshoe lock by controller for electric vehicle simultaneously,Horseshoe lock is made up of common unlocking motor and unlocking mechanism, and can pulls open lock manually after being unlocked by controller for electric vehicle;

    Intelligent speed-limiting device is to pass through the defeated of MCU control PWM circuit by controller for electric vehicle in shared electric bicycleGo out, so as to change power tube power output, and when changing highest according to the measurement data and speed setting value of digital speed meterSpeed;

    10 to 15 kilometers are limited at according to registration website road congested conditions F-Zero in setting time of trip, works as lifeHand ride or road it is crowded occur riding speed change greatly when, F-Zero is limited at 8 to 12 kilometers;

    Shared electric bicycleBattery pack installation platinum resistance thermometer sensor, by controller for electric vehicle by A/D converter measure battery pack ambient temperature, when temperature exceedesFan for cooling is opened at 25 DEG C, when temperature more than 50 DEG C of alarms and reduces cell stack power output;

    Communication station or charging registration controller, a charging registration are set in the bicycle parking area in the major trunk roads roadside of business districtController includes one or more charging piles, and the charge controller of charging pile is equipped with thermistor temperature detecting device, and has waterproofFan for cooling protection is opened with full of power down function, during more than 25 DEG C, after shared electric bicycle accesses charging pile, is delayed 10Minute starts to charge up and shows charged state by LED;

    When shared electric bicycle is parked, voltameter on user Yi Qiche, selectionDock at charging pile position or against the tactic stand of charging pile, need not go to fill during charging if voltameter is shownElectricity not checkout and punishment of being withholdd, goes charging to reward;

    Each charging pile is respectively mounted infrared transceiver device, by charging registration controlDevice wheel patrols shared electric bicycle numbering registration of the infrared transceiver device to access charging pile that scanning is installed on charging pile;

    HereafterIt is infrared to sequentially making resting in the shared electric bicycle beside charging pile by the shared electric bicycle for being connected to charging pileRelay numbering registration, is arbitrarily parked, can not register to settle accounts;

    The infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle sets positioningPopped one'"'"'s head in infrared receiving/transmission probe and relay with infrared receiving/transmission;

    The infrared receiving/transmission probe of shared electric bicycle is removed with charging pile to penetratingOutside, at the top of rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or another a relay infrared receiving/transmission being used at the top of the vertical rod that identifies or decorate is filledProbe, relay infrared receiving/transmission probe have unified setting height(from bottom) and position to electric bicycle or so to penetrating, it is corresponding make it is left orRight mark, its signal launched are not stopped by other bicycles;

    During setting after the far infrared transceiver starting that daily charging registration controller is arranged on charging pile as main equipmentIn, shared electric bicycle, which is sequentially ingressed into charging pile registration or enters beside charging pile sequentially to park, makees relay numbering registration,The relay numbering registration refers to that the relay infrared receiving/transmission of the shared electric bicycle by charging pile registration is popped one'"'"'s head in depositing inShared electric bicycle beside charging pile starts to register, the shared electric bicycle after registration again successfully to register when relay useThe left or right of infrared receiving/transmission probe receives, and to the right or registration is numbered in left unregistered shared electric bicycle, and transmits and step onNote and number information, to the last can not to next registration and numbering or to setting time, last successfully registered andNumbering shared electric bicycle labeled as relay car from resting state be waken up access main equipment in bluetooth module control it is micro-Microgrid, and main equipment will be wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle information delivered in relays,Relay car bluetooth module enters park mode completion relay numbering registration after transmission, turns into the shared electricity of first registration and numberingDynamic bicycle, relay registration and numbering hereafter are carried out to shared electric bicycle numbering by charging registration controller;

    Relay is registeredWith numbering process:

    First to have been enter into charging registration controller after the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking it is unregistered it is shared it is electronic fromDriving is waken up access piconet, each shared electric bicycle in piconet is sequentially distributed by charging registration controller " newNumbering ", registered for infrared relay, the shared electric bicycle bluetooth module distributed after new numbering is placed in resting state, connects, charging registration controller is numbered to registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle registered and numbered including charging pile with itRealize that charging registration controller exchanges with the register information of shared electric bicycle bluetooth module serial communication for address, and fillAll new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering shared electronic in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered by electric registration controllerBicycle, it is then that address is red to making after the shared electric bicycle of new numbering sequentially scan transponding according to new numbering since relay carOuter relay registration;

    Relay when the infrared relay registration refers to the shared electric bicycle after infrared registration again successfully to registerThe left or right popped one'"'"'s head in infrared receiving/transmission receives, and to the right or left unregistered shared electric bicycle makees scan transponding registration, and passesRegistration and number information are passed, last takes over former relay by the shared electric bicycle that relay is registered labeled as new relay carCar, and access piconet is waken up from resting state, then by this all shared electric bicycle information for newly registering and numberingCharging registration controller is wirelessly transmitted to, relay car bluetooth module enters the infrared relay registration of park mode completion after transmission;

    ThisSecond batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay registration of each batch weight later and numbering afterwards, so go round and begin again and constantly update register information;

    To can notThe new numbering for completing registration and numbering shares electric bicycle, and its new numbering makes marks records its user letter as " sequence number to be stepped on "Breath;

    The registration and numbering refer to the license number and the one-to-one corresponding of numbering of shared electric bicycle;

    Each shared electric bicycle intoIts LED is glittering at regular intervals once green after work(registration;

    With the exception of this, the shared electric bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to charging registration controlUnregistered shared electric bicycle is registered in device Bluetooth signal coverage processed, and charging registration controller is taken to be stepped on through relayBehind the interval of note and several lot numbers of numbering setting, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on;

    Extension registration and numbering:

    First in order of numbers opens the infrared receiving/transmission of the registered shared electric bicycle of a numbering in addition to charging pile is registered and is numberedDevice, numbered and serial number address to be stepped on according to new to sharing electric bicycle in diamond, sequentially make infrared connect after scan transpondingPower register, after the completion of enter it is next it is registered numbering operation, until it is all it is registered numbering operation complete;

    ExtendingThe shared electric bicycle finally successfully registered in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering in registration and numbering, asNew relay car cancels former relay car and carries out relay registration and numbering;

    When shared electric bicycle and charging registration controller enter row information exchange, the charging registration controller reception of communication station is eachThe register information of shared electric bicycle, other charging registration controllers are stepped on each shared electric bicycle by what is be each collected intoRemember that information carries out information exchange;

    Register information is total to comprising what each charging registration controller being collected into setting time section was registeredEnjoy license number and its status of equipment, use pattern, user type and telephone number, the enrollment time and charging registration of electric bicycleCoding of controls;

    Shared electric bicycle by register information be sent to after charging registration controller will the register information delete,Each charging registration controller is deleted after the register information repeated and arrangement by shared electric bicycle transmission, through communication station to master stationController collects;

    In the bicycle parking area of non-business district, daily first shared electric bicycle and the infrared registration for being installed on roadsideDevice proceeds by relay numbering registration, and first shared electric bicycle being registered is arranged to main equipment after setting time,Relay registration and numbering and extension registration are carried out as stated above and numbering, its numbering of different main equipments make different marks,When the shared electric bicycle unlocking for being arranged to main equipment is ridden away, send registration and number information to infrared registration and fillPut and be re-set as slave unit, next be installed on roadside infrared transceiver device register and numbering it is shared it is electronic oneselfDrive a vehicle, after the registration and the number information that receive infrared transceiver device, be arranged to main equipment and continue relay registration and numbering, when sharedIts information is transferred to master station by electric bicycle and handled during electric bicycle quantity deficiency, can also use pedal as listCar is ridden to destination and awarded;

    In all front doors of school or residential area, the registration controller of identical numbering is set, it is automatic by its bluetooth module piconetTo the shared electric bicycle registration that comes in and goes out, represent to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, fashionable sharedElectric bicycle sends register information to registration controller, when going out registration controller by register information send to it is shared it is electronic fromDriving;

    Or take inside residential area or the bicycle parking area of other sheltered situations installation probe;

    Shared bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user;

    VIP user is opened after administrative department'"'"'s real name registration using keyboardLock, it is adapted to more extensive consumer group, total station control collects VIP user and settled accounts with fare is accumulative, and SMS notification, VIP user canTo log in the network port acquisition of master station'"'"'s computer with fare details;

    Shared bicycle is ridden arrive at after will stopIt is put into neighbouring bicycle diamond and carries out car locking registration clearing, without the not clearing of registration car locking;

    Shared electric bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method;

    The car plate of each shared electric bicycle indicates the carLicense plate number and total station control telephone number, casual user with the total station control telephone number end extra bus trade mark of mobile phone dialing,Total station control receives license plate number, and sends special unlocking cipher to mobile phone by short message, and casual user can input password, electricityMotor-car controller is unlocked to unregistered car or disabled vehicle, and at this moment casual user can pull open lock use, electric car control manuallyDevice processed starts timing and limited to ride the time, is shut after arriving at registration, controller for electric vehicle is by the use of special unlocking cipherTo communication station by master station'"'"'s bulk registration, total station control adds up usage time and awarded car information transmission, is sent out to casual userSend and get reward short message;

    Shared electric bicycle is equipped with the mercoid switch being made up of the mercoid switch of several different installment statesGroup, if casual user is not to ride but be transported to up to the registration of registration destination, controller for electric vehicle is according to equipment of itself eventBarrier detection and mercoid switch group on off state changing rule judge whether shared electric bicycle damages or ride, and carry out to the electricityTalk about the reward of number casual user;

    Car changes fierce, shared electricity with non-registration mercoid switch group on off state is shut when removing car steathilyMercoid switch group on off state changing rule under the various forms of motion states of dynamic bicycle is drawn by testing, in case of stolen car electricityMotor-car controller, which is passed the information on to the alarm of total station control, to be put on record, total station control or sends cruiser to crime periphery is severalCharging registration controller sends inspection request, discovers and seizes case and dispatches a car movement locus, several peripheries charging registration controller timesharing and caseDispatch a car communication, positioned according to the bluetooth signal intensity received, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime truck position, further according to caseDispatch a car movement locus and the case that receives is dispatched a car bluetooth signal intensity positioning, most backward crime car sends unlatching report through Bluetooth signalAlert vocal command, case, which is dispatched a car, sends alarm, and cruiser personnel find case according to alarm and dispatched a car.

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